German submarine U-60 (1939)

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Career (Nazi Germany)
Name: U-60
Ordered: 21 July 1937
Builder: Deutsche Werke AG, Kiel
Laid down: 1 October 1938 as 'werk' 259
Launched: 1 June 1939
Commissioned: 22 July 1939
Fate: Scuttled at Wilhelmshaven, 2 May 1945
General characteristics
Class & type: Type IIC U-boat
Displacement: 291 long tons (296 t) surfaced
341 long tons (346 t) submerged
435 long tons (442 t) total
Length: 43.9 m (144 ft 0 in) o/a
29.6 m (97 ft 1 in) pressure hull
Beam: 4.1 m (13 ft 5 in) o/a
4 m (13 ft 1 in) pressure hull
Height: 8.4 m (27 ft 7 in)
Draught: 3.8 m (12 ft 6 in)
Propulsion: 2 × MWM RS127S 6-cylinder diesel engines, 700 hp (522 kW)
2 × SSW PGVV322/26 double-acting electric motors, 402 hp (300 kW)
Speed: 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph) surfaced
7 knots (13 km/h; 8.1 mph) submerged
Range: 6,100 km (3,300 nmi) at 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph) surfaced
67 km (36 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 150 m (490 ft)
Complement: 22 to 24 men
Armament: 3 × torpedo tubes (bow), five torpedoes
Service record
Part of: Kriegsmarine:
* 5th U-boat Flotilla (Training )
*1st U-boat Flotilla (Operational boat)
* 21st U-boat Flotilla (School Boat)[1]
Commanders:

Kptlt. Georg Schewe
Oblt. Adalbert Schnee
Georg Wallas
Kurt Pressel
Oblt. Hans-Dieter Mohs
Ltn. Otto Hübschen (acting)
Oblt. Ludo Kreglin

Oblt. Herbert Giesewetter
[2]
Operations: Nine
1st patrol:
4–21 November 1939
2nd patrol:
12–19 December 1939
3rd patrol:
9–21 January 1940
4th patrol:
14–29 February 1940
5th patrol:
4–27 April 1940
6th patrol:
18 May–11 June 1940
7th patrol:
30 July–18 August 1940
8th patrol:
21 August–6 September 1940
9th patrol:
16 September–2 October 1940
Victories: Three ships sunk, for a total of 7,561 tons
one ship damaged, of 15,434 tons[3]

German submarine U-60 was a Type IIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine that served in the Second World War. She was built by Deutsche Werke AG, Kiel. Ordered on 21 July 1937, she was laid down on 1 October that year as 'werk' 259. She was launched on 1 June 1939 and commissioned on 22 July under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Georg Schewe.

U-60 was initially sent to the 5th U-boat Flotilla for training, until 1 October 1939, when she was re-assigned to the 1st flotilla for a front-line combat role. U-60 carried out nine war patrols, sinking three ships for a total of 7,561 gross register tons (GRT) and damaging one other of 15,434 GRT. She then became a 'school' or training boat with the 21st flotilla for the rest of her career.[4]

She was scuttled in May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven.

Service History[edit]

1st, 2nd and 3rd patrols[edit]

U-60's first patrol meant that she left and returned to Kiel in November 1939, it involved the boat keeping close to the Norwegian coast.

She moved from Kiel to Wilhelmshaven on 4 December 1939.

The boat began her second patrol on 12 December 1939 and laid mines off Great Yarmouth on the 15th. One of them was struck by the City of Kobe on the 19th. The ship sank, one crew member was lost.

The submarine's third sortie involved patrolling the southern North Sea. It was uneventful.

4th, 5th and 6th patrols[edit]

U-60's next three outings took her as far north as the eastern Scottish coast, as far east as the Norwegian coast and as far south as Belgium in the North Sea, all to no avail.

7th, 8th and 9th patrols[edit]

Nor did her run of bad luck end there. On 1 August 1940 she was attacked by the Dutch submarine O-21. That same day Junkers Ju 88s of KG 30 also attacked the boat. No damage from either assault was sustained. Things changed when she sank the Nils Gorthan 25 nautical miles (46 km; 29 mi) north northeast of Malin Head (the northernmost tip of the island of Ireland), on the 13th. After the patrol, she docked at Lorient in occupied France, on 18 August.

The boat's eighth patrol included an attack on the Volendam about 200 nautical miles (370 km; 230 mi) west of the Bloody Foreland (northwest Ireland) on 31 August 1940. The ship survived a hit from a torpedo, but while she was being docked prior to repairs being carried out, a second, unexploded torpedo was discovered lodged in the vessel's hull. U-60 was more successful with the Ulva, sinking her on 3 September 180 nautical miles (330 km; 210 mi) north northwest of Inishtrahull (the most northerly island of Ireland).

U-60 departed her French Atlantic base (Lorient) on 16 September 1940, heading for Bergen in Norway. Her route took her west of Ireland and through the gap between the Faroe and the Shetland Islands. The boat arrived in the Nordic port on 2 October.

She then moved from Bergen back to Kiel over October.

Summary of raiding History[edit]

Date Ship Nationality Tonnage Fate
19 December 1939 City of Kobe  United Kingdom 4,373 Sunk (Mine)
13 August 1940 Nils Gorthon  Sweden 1,787 Sunk
31 August 1940 Volendam  Netherlands 15,434 Damaged
3 September 1940 Ulva  United Kingdom 1,401 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://uboat.net/boats/u60htm
  2. ^ "U-60". U-boat.net. 2 July 2012. 
  3. ^ "Ships Hit by U-60". U-boat.net. 16 November 2012. 
  4. ^ [1][dead link]