José Yulo

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José Yulo
Jose Yulo.jpg
5th Speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives
Speaker of the National Assembly
In office
January 24, 1939 – December 30, 1941
President Manuel L. Quezon
Preceded by Gil Montilla
Succeeded by Benigno Aquino, Sr.
6th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
In office
February 5, 1942 – July 9, 1945
Nominated by Japanese Military Administration
Preceded by José Abad Santos
Succeeded by Manuel V. Moran
Member of the Philippine National Assembly from Negros Occidental's Third District
In office
1938 – December 30, 1941
Preceded by Gil Montilla
Succeeded by Raymundo Vargas
Secretary of Justice
In office
January 1, 1966 – August 4, 1967
President Ferdinand E. Marcos
Preceded by Salvador Marino
Succeeded by Claudio Teehankee
In office
July 6, 1934 – November 15, 1938
President Governor-General Frank Murphy
Manuel Quezon
Preceded by Quirico Abeto
Succeeded by José Abad Santos
Personal details
Born (1894-09-24)September 24, 1894
Bago City
Died October 27, 1976(1976-10-27) (aged 82)
Manila
Spouse(s) Cecilia A. Yulo

José Yulo (September 24, 1894 - October 27, 1976) was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines (1942–1945) during the Japanese Occupation and was Speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives from 1939 until World War II started in 1941. Yulo served in all of the branches of government: Legislative, as House Speaker and Representative; Executive, as Secretary of Justice and member of the Cabinet; and the Judiciary as the Chief Magistrate.

Career[edit]

Yulo was born on September 24, 1894 in Bago, Negros Occidental. He obtained his Bachelor of Laws degree at the University of the Philippines and placed third the Bar in 1913; however, due to his age, did not practice law until two years later. He became distinguished as one of the best corporation lawyers in the Philippines.

Appointed as Justice Secretary by Governor-General Frank Murphy and President Manuel L. Quezon in 1934 and 1935, he was elected to the National Assembly of the Philippines representing the province of Negros Occidental, becoming its Speaker under the ruling Nacionalista Party on its convening session in 1939.

The 1935 Philippine Constitution was amended in 1940 changing the unicameral legislature system into a bicameral system thus the National Assembly was divided into a Senate and a House of Representatives. Yulo remained as Speaker of the House.

Following the Japanese conquest of the Philippines in 1942, Yulo was selected to be a member of the Preparatory Committee for Philippine Independence, and the establishment of the Second Philippine Republic in 1943, Yulo was appointed as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. He was the only former Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines to be subsequently appointed as Chief Justice.

Accomplishments[edit]

Despite the difficulties experienced under Japanese occupation, Yulo attempted to maintain the integrity of the judiciary despite pressure from the Japanese military to sway decisions on certain cases.

Post-War Years[edit]

Yulo was the presidential candidate of the Philippine Liberal Party in the 1957 presidential elections, eventually losing to incumbent President Carlos P. Garcia. His running-mate, Pampanga Representative Diosdado Macapagal, won the vice-presidential race.

Yulo was later appointed by President Ferdinand Marcos as Secretary of Justice in from January 1, 1966 to August 4, 1967.

References[edit]

  • Cruz, Isagani A. (2000). Res Gestae: A Brief History of the Supreme Court. Rex Book Store, Manila

External links[edit]


Political offices
Preceded by
Quirico Abeto
Secretary of Justice
1934–1938
Succeeded by
José Abad Santos
Preceded by
Gil Montilla
Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines
1938–1941
Succeeded by
Benigno Aquino, Sr.
Preceded by
José Abad Santos
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
1942–1945
Succeeded by
Manuel Moran
Preceded by
Salvador L. Marino
Secretary of Justice
1966–1967
Succeeded by
Claudio Teehankee, Sr.