Kennebec County, Maine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kennebec County, Maine
Kennebec County Courthouse.jpg
Kennebec County Courthouse
Seal of Kennebec County, Maine
Seal
Map of Maine highlighting Kennebec County
Location in the state of Maine
Map of the United States highlighting Maine
Maine's location in the U.S.
Founded 1799
Named for Kennebec River
Seat Augusta
Largest city Augusta
Area
 • Total 951 sq mi (2,463 km2)
 • Land 868 sq mi (2,248 km2)
 • Water 84 sq mi (218 km2), 8.80 %
Population
 • (2010) 122,151
 • Density 140.7/sq mi (54.33/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.kennebeccounty.org

Kennebec County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. In 2010, its population was 122,151.[1] Its county seat is Augusta,[2] the state capital. The county was established on 20 February 1799 from portions of Cumberland and Lincoln Counties. The name Kennebec comes from the Eastern Abenaki /kínipekʷ/, meaning "large body of still water, large bay".[3]

The center of population of Maine is located in Kennebec County, in the city of Augusta.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 951.18 square miles (2,463.5 km2), of which 867.58 square miles (2,247.0 km2) (or 91.21%) is land and 83.60 square miles (216.5 km2) (or 8.79%) is water.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 24,571
1810 32,564 32.5%
1820 42,623 30.9%
1830 52,485 23.1%
1840 55,823 6.4%
1850 62,521 12.0%
1860 55,655 −11.0%
1870 53,203 −4.4%
1880 53,058 −0.3%
1890 57,012 7.5%
1900 59,117 3.7%
1910 62,863 6.3%
1920 63,844 1.6%
1930 70,691 10.7%
1940 77,231 9.3%
1950 83,881 8.6%
1960 89,150 6.3%
1970 95,247 6.8%
1980 109,889 15.4%
1990 115,904 5.5%
2000 117,114 1.0%
2010 122,151 4.3%
Est. 2012 121,853 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 117,114 people, 47,683 households, and 31,327 families residing in the county. The population density was 135 people per square mile (52/km²). There were 56,364 housing units at an average density of 65 per square mile (25/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.45% White, 0.34% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.6% were of English, 17.4% French, 13.4% French Canadian, 10.9% United States or American and 9.9% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 92.5% spoke only English at home, while 5.48% spoke French [1].

There were 47,683 households out of which 31.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.60% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.30% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 28.60% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 14.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,498, and the median income for a family was $43,814. Males had a median income of $32,279 versus $24,032 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,520. About 8.50% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.20% of those under age 18 and 10.20% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

The county also includes the unincorporated township of Unity.

Economy[edit]

Kennebec County's economy has traditionally been industrial. A large amount of paper and textiles were produced, and mills sprung up all along the Kennebec river. The median house hold income is currently $36,498. The unemployment rate is currently at 4.2% (lower than it has been in a year).

Education[edit]

There are three colleges: Colby College and Thomas (both in Waterville), and the University of Maine at Augusta. There are 19 school districts (however, 4 are consolidated ones). In China Maine, there is no public Highschool, but a private school (Erskine Academy) exists, and the town pays for students tuition if they choose to attend. Students from Vassalboro can pick from one of four school districts (Cony in Augusta, Erskine, Winslow, or Waterville). However, many towns have local public highschools.

Religion[edit]

There are many churches in Kennebec county, the largest being: Baptist, Methodist, Episcopalian, Congregationalist, Unitarian, Church of the Nazarene, Church of Christ, Adventist and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons). However, the largest single denomination is Roman Catholicism.

Government and politics[edit]

Presidential election results[8]
Year Democrat Republican
2012 55.2% 35,068 41.8% 26,519
2008 56.4% 37,238 41.7% 27,482
2004 53.3% 35,616 44.6% 29,761
2000 53.0% 31,198 40.7% 23,967

Kennebec County has consistently voted Democrat in recent elections. While the more rural areas support the Republican Party, the urban areas are strongly Democratic. Democrats have carried the county in recent Presidential elections. Kennebec County is the only county in Maine that is split between Maine's two congressional districts. The larger, southern portion of the county is located in the 1st Congressional District of Maine, while the northern, smaller portion is located in the 2nd Congressional District of Maine.

Voter registration

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of June 2014[9]
Party Total Voters Percentage
  Unenrolled 31,653 36.18%
  Democratic 27,987 31.99%
  Republican 24,406 27.89%
  Green Independent 3,435 3.92%
Total 87,481 100%

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 19, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 212. ISBN 978-0-8061-3598-4. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  4. ^ http://www.census.gov/geo/www/cenpop/statecenters.txt
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 19, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 19, 2013. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 
  9. ^ {{cite web|url=http://www.maine.gov/sos/cec/elec/r-e-active.pdf%7Ctitle=REGISTERED & ENROLLED VOTERS - STATEWIDE|date=June 10, 2014|accessdate=10 August 2014}

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°25′N 69°46′W / 44.41°N 69.77°W / 44.41; -69.77