Khaled al-Johani

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This article is about a teacher who publicly protested during the 2011–2012 Saudi Arabian protests. For the al-Qaeda member who died in 2003, see Khalid al-Juhani.

Khaled al-Johani (also al-Jehani,[1] Arabic: خالد الجهني, born 1969/1970 (age 44–45)) is a teacher of religious instruction in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. He was imprisoned, without charges or trial for nearly one year, at `Ulaysha Prison[1] for having publicly asked for freedoms and democracy in Saudi Arabia – an absolute monarchy – during the 2011–2012 Saudi Arabian protests. His public statement was made to a BBC Arabic Television team on a street in Riyadh in the presence of security forces.[2][3][4] On 22 February 2012 he was charged in a court for al-Qaeda suspects[5] and a trial date set for April 2012.[6] Al-Johani is an Amnesty International prisoner of conscience as of February 2012.[6]

11 March 2011[edit]

After the Arab Spring revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt in early 2011, some protests took place in Saudi Arabia. A "Day of Rage" was proposed for Saudi Arabia for 11 March 2011.[7] On that day, hundreds of people protested in Qatif, al-Awamiyah and Hofuf, but in Riyadh, the police presence was "overwhelming" by early in the morning, with large numbers of police cars present and helicopters that "crisscrossed the skies all day".[8]

Khaled al-Johani is the only person known to have participated in public street protests in Riyadh or Jeddah on that day. He walked past BBC Arabic Television journalists twice and both times was threatened by police that he would be imprisoned if he walked past the journalists, who were accompanied by state escorts, a third time.[citation needed] He stated, "I'm here to say we need democracy, we need freedom. We need to speak freely. We will reach out, the government doesn't own us. I was afraid to speak, but no more. We don't have dignity, we don't have justice!"[2] He stated that there is no freedom of the press in Saudi Arabia, since it is an absolute monarchy, and that living a dignified life in Saudi Arabia depends on an individual's connection and the mercy of al-Saud princes.[citation needed] After stating his opinion, al-Johani stated his worry that he would be detained before returning home and said that the journalists could visit him at al-Ha'ir or `Ulaysha Prison.

Imprisonment and fame[edit]

Al-Johani was detained after he returned home and was not allowed any contact with his family for 58 days.[2][3] Al-Johani was held at `Ulaysha Prison.[1][4] After visiting al-Johani in May, family members said that he had lost weight and was depressed.[3] AOL News said that al-Johani became a "folk hero in the blink of an eye" when the BBC broadcast al-Johani's full statement in April and a six-minute video "Where is Khaled?" was uploaded to YouTube.[2] According to Mohammad al-Qahtani of the Saudi Civil and Political Rights Association, al-Johani became known online as "the only brave man in Saudi Arabia".[2] He was held without trial for nearly a year.[6] In February 2012, Amnesty International considered him to be a prisoner of conscience.[6] Al-Johani was given a temporary, 48 hours' release starting on 25 July 2012.[9]

Court case[edit]

On 22 February 2012, al-Johani appeared before the Specialized Criminal Court in Riyadh,[6] a court used for trying suspected members of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula.[5] Al-Johani was charged with "support of demonstrations, presence at the location of a demonstration, and communications with the foreign media in a manner that harmed the reputation of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia." His case was adjourned to April 2012.[6]

Al-Johani had no access to a lawyer between his arrest and his 22 February court appearance. He was permitted to contact a lawyer following the court appearance.[6]

On 22 February, Philip Luther of Amnesty International criticised the trial, stating "The fact that he is appearing before a court that was originally established to handle terrorism-related charges only adds insult to injury. This trial is utterly unwarranted. We call on the Saudi authorities to release him and others held on similar charges immediately and unconditionally." In February 2012, Amnesty International called for al-Johani to be released "immediately and unconditionally".[6] The trial was expected to continue after al-Johani's 25 July 2012 temporary release.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c al-Dosari, Hala (2011-08-03). "Saudi political prisoners long for justice". Al Jazeera English. Archived from the original on 2011-08-05. Retrieved 2011-08-05. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Kennedy, Dana (2011-04-08). "Imprisoned Father of Autistic Boy Called "the Bravest Man in Saudi Arabia"". AOL News. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2011-06-06. 
  3. ^ a b c Buchanan, Michael (2011-05-24). "Saudi Arabia: Calls for political reform muted". BBC. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2011-06-06. 
  4. ^ a b "EU, US Leaders Should Publicly Condemn Human Rights Violations". Human Rights Watch. 2011-04-20. Archived from the original on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ a b "Specialized criminal court begins hearings against 85 people accused of terrorism". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia in Washington, DC. 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-02-24. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h "Saudi Arabia: Trial of Riyadh protester 'utterly unwarranted'". Amnesty International. 2012-02-22. Archived from the original on 2012-02-24. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  7. ^ Spencer, Richard; James Kirkup; Nabila Ramdani (2011-02-21). "Libya: Muammar Gaddafi's regime on the brink of collapse". London: The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 2011-02-22. Retrieved 2011-02-22. 
  8. ^ Banerjee, Neela (2011-03-11). "Saudi Arabia 'day of rage' protest fizzles". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2011-03-11. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  9. ^ a b "Saudi temporarily frees Riyadh protester: activists". Al Ahram/AFP. 2012-07-25. Archived from the original on 2012-07-25. Retrieved 2012-07-25.