Bassem Youssef (television host)
|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Arabic Wikipedia. (April 2013)|
|Birth name||Bassem Raafat Muhammad Youssef|
March 21, 1974 |
Bassem Raafat Muhammad Youssef (Arabic: باسم رأفت محمد يوسف, IPA: [ˈbæːsem ˈɾɑʔfɑt mæˈħæmmæd ˈjuːsef]; born March 21, 1974) is an Egyptian cardiac surgeon, satirist and columnist, who hosts El Bernameg ("The Program"), a satirical news program broadcast by Egyptian television station Capital Broadcast Centre (CBC). The press has compared Youssef with American comedian Jon Stewart, whose satire program The Daily Show inspired Youssef to begin his career. In 2013, he was named one of the "100 most influential people in the world" by Time magazine.
The B+ Show
Inspired by the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, Bassem created his first satirical show in March 2011 Entitled The B+ Show, after his blood type, the program was uploaded to his YouTube Channel and gained more than five million views in the first three months alone. The show was shot in Bassem's laundry room using a table, a chair, one camera, and a mural of amateur photos from Tahrir Square that cost $100. Bassem used Social Media to showcase his talent and his show gave a voice to the millions of Egyptians who were seething with anger from the hypocrisy of traditional media in their coverage of the Egyptian Revolution.
Al Bernameg season 1
After the success of The B+ Show, Egyptian channel ONTV, owned by Egyptian billionaire Naguib Sawiris, offered Youssef a deal for Al Bernameg (literally, "The Program"). With a budget of roughly half a million dollars, making him the first internet to TV conversion in the Middle East. The show, which consisted of 104 episodes, premiered during Ramadan 1432 (2011) with Egyptian-American engineer Muhammad Radwan as its first guest. In his show, Youssef has parodied such Egyptian celebrities as show host Tawfik Okasha, composer Amr Mostafa, Salafist presidential candidate Hazem Salah Abu Ismail, and Mohamed ElBaradei, former head of the International Atomic Energy Agency and onetime presidential candidate.In June 2012, Jon Stewart invited Youssef to The Daily Show for an extended interview, “...I do know a little something about the humor business; your show is sharp, you're really good on it, it's smart, it's well executed, I think the world of what you're doing down there,” Stewart said to an Armani clad Youssef. The segment was one of the highest in viewership on the Jon Stewart’s site.
Al Bernameg season 2
The show Al Bernameg was renewed for a second season after a contract with a second channel, CBC (Capital Broadcast Center), which premiered on November 23, 2012. the second season consisted of 29 episodes and has recorded one of the highest viewership ratings on both TV and internet with 40 million viewers on TV and more than 120 million combined views for his show on YouTube alone. Just three episodes into the show, several lawsuits were filed against Bassem Youssef and his show, mainly for "insult and defamation". On the season's premiere, Youssef made the owner and coworkers of his channel the subject of his show, as an assurance that he is granted full freedom of expression, and that no topic was off limits. CBC did not, however, air his second episode, which also featured further criticism of a TV show host who filed a lawsuit against Youssef. The show returned to its regular schedule for the third episode.
The program, which began with a small group working at home with Youssef, moved from ONTV's smallest studio to Radio theater in downtown "Cairo", a theatre redesigned in the likeness of New York's Radio City, making it the first live audience show in the Middle East. The contents of a typical show's broadcast have evolved, which began with a sarcastic take on current political events, and eventually incorporating the hosting of public figures and stars from various fields, as well as various artists' performances.
Al Bernameg season 3
Al Bernameg returned to air for its third series on 25 October 2013. The season premiere marked the first broadcast for the show since the 2013 Egyptian protests had deposed Mohamed Morsi from the Egyptian presidency. Youssef criticised both the Morsi administration and the people's idolization of the Egyptian Defense Minister[Abdul Fatah al-Sisi]. The following day the CBC network issued a statement distancing the channel from the political stance taken by Youssef. The CBC network issued another statement, and decided to stop broadcasting "Al Bernameg" because of violations in the contract signed.
On January 1, 2013, the daily Al-masry Al-youm reported that an Egyptian prosecutor was investigating Bassem Youssef on charges of maligning President Mohammed Morsi, whose office claimed that Youssef's show was "circulating false news likely to disturb public peace and public security and affect the administration."
Despite all of the controversy it sparks, El Bernameg has been a major success. It is constantly topping the regional YouTube charts, making Bassem Youssef's YouTube channel the most subscribed to in Egypt.
On March 30, 2013, an arrest warrant was issued for Youssef for allegedly insulting Islam and Morsi. The move was seen by opponents as part of an effort to silence dissent against Morsi's government. Youssef confirmed the arrest warrant on his Twitter account and said he would hand himself in to the prosecutor's office, jokingly adding, "Unless they kindly send a police van today and save me the transportation hassle." The following day, he was questioned by authorities before being released on bail of 15,000 Egyptian pounds. The event sparked international media attention as well as a segment on Jon Stewart's The Daily Show in which he declared his support for Youssef, calling him a "friend" and "brother".
On December 5, 2013, Bassem Youssef told that he criticized Mohamed Morsi during the 30 episodes without being stopped whereas the current system did not let him broadcast even one episode.
Youssef lives in Cairo with his wife, an Egyptian-Palestinian, and their daughter. He works as a cardiothoracic surgeon when El Bernameg is in hiatus. In his capacity as a doctor, he assisted wounded Tahrir Square protesters after the Battle of the Camel.
- El-Wakil, Mai (April 21, 2011). "Drawing inspiration from the revolution". Al Masry Al Youm. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- Marx, Willem (March 29, 2012). "Bassem Youssef: Egypt's Jon Stewart". Bloomberg Businessweek.
- Hassan, Abdalla (April 28, 2011). "Surgeon Using Parody to Dissect the News in Egypt". New York Times. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- "Bassem Youssef". Time. April 18, 2013.
- Gladstone, Brooke. "Egypt Finds Its Own 'Jon Stewart'". (online transcript). NPR. http://pd.npr.org/anon.npr-mp3/npr/atc/2011/04/20110415_atc_04.mp3?dl=1. Retrieved 2013-09-01. "By the way, the YouTube title of the "Bassem Youssef Show" is "B+," after Bassem's blood type. Get it? B positive."
- Elkayal, Heba (September 7, 2011). "Comedy show du jour: Bassem Youssef's Al-Bernameg". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- Montasser, Farah; Deena Adel (September 2, 2011). "Revolutionary Satire". Al Arabiya. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- Watson, Ivan; Mohamed Fadel Fahmy (April 1, 2011). "Syria Releases Egyptian-American Accused of Espionage". CNN World.
- Interview with Mohamed Radwan, Syrian Revolution 2011, 31 July 2011.
- "Egyptian comedy show takes on 'merchants of religion'". AlArabiya. December 8, 2012. Retrieved December 27, 2012.
- Egypt satire show sparks media clash on YouTube
- Kingsley, Patrick (28 October 2013). "Egyptian satirist Bassem Youssef upsets all sides on return to TV". theguardian.com. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
- Host of Egyptian ‘Daily Show’ investigated after being accused of insulting President Morsi by Aya Batrawy, Associated Press (reprinted in the National Post), 1 January 2013.
- Bassem Youssef - Alarabiya.net English
- Arrest Warrant Issued For Bassem Youssef, TV Satirist Known As 'Egypt's Jon Stewart' by Sarah El Deeb, Associated Press (reprinted in the Huffington Post), March 30, 2013.
- Egypt satirist questioned for insulting Morsi, Al Jazeera English, March 31, 2013.
- Fahim, Kareem (March 31, 2013). "Egyptian Satirist Posts Bail as Authorities Press Case". The New York Times.
- Worldwide support for Egyptian satirist’s fight for free speech, Al Arabiya, April 2, 2013.
- The Daily Show: Egypt, Mohamed Morsi, and Bassem Youssef, The Daily Show, April 2, 2013.
- "CPJ International Press Freedom Awards 2013". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved October 6, 2013.
- "Egypt’s "Daily Show"". PRI. March 28, 2011. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- O'Neill, Katherine Jane Egypt's "Most Wanted": the comedian who made fun of Mursi. Al Arabiya. 2013-04-02.
- Montasser, Farah. "Revolutionary satire: Bassem Youssef speaks to Ahram Online". Ahram. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- Youth: Give us a chance
- Bassem Youssef at the Internet Movie Database
- Profile and articles at alarabiya.net
- Articles on shorouknews.com (in Arabic)
- AmericaBlAraby on YouTube (in Arabic)