A kolpik is a type of traditional headgear worn in families of some Chassidic rebbes (Hasidic rabbis), by unmarried children on Shabbat, and by some rebbes on special occasions which are not Shabbat or major holidays. It is made from brown fur, as opposed to a spodik, worn by Polish chassidic dynasties, which is fashioned out of black fur.
It is seen as an intermediate level garment between Shabbat and weekday dress.
The days that some rebbes don a kolpik include:
- Rosh Chodesh Meal
- Tu BiShvat Meal
- Isru Chag Meal
- Tu B'Av (most do not, but some do)
- Meal served to the poor a few days before a child's wedding
- Yartzeit Meal
The word originated from a Turkic word for this kind of hats, kalpak, (also spelled calpac).
The election of the Krakow Rabbi to the Austrian Reichstag made a tremendous impression on the entire Jewish world, ... It gave them enormous pleasure to see even a single Rabbi achieve the major honour of sitting among so many great personages, clad in a fine calpac amid such esteemed gentlemen. The poor things did not know that the calpac was part of historic Polish dress, and that many Poles, especially extreme nationalists, would wear these same calpacs at their meetings.
- Rosenberg, Shimon (November, '13). "The Rebbe & President Clinton". Zman 5 (47): 141.
- Margoshes, Joseph (2008). "7". A World Apart: A Memoir of Jewish Life in Nineteenth Century Galicia. Brighton, MA: Academic Studies Press. p. 24. ISBN 978-1-934843-10-9. Retrieved Nov/8/13.
- Israel, Yosef (2005). Rescuing the Rebbe of Belz: Belzer Chassidus : History, Rescue. Mesorah Publications. p. 42. ISBN 1-57819-059-2.
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