Skufia

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Catholicos-Patriarch Ilia II of the Georgian Orthodox and Apostolic Church, wearing a Russian-style skufia with jewelled cross (Tbilisi, Republic of Georgia).
A priest wearing a Greek-style skufia.

A skufia (also skufiya or skoufos; Greek: σκούφια or σκούφος) is an item of clerical clothing worn by Orthodox Christian and Eastern Catholic monastics (in which case it is black)[1] or awarded to clergy as a mark of honor (in which case it is usually red or purple). It is a soft-sided brimless cap whose top may be pointed (Russian style)[2][3] flat and pleated (Greek style),[4] or flat with raised edges (Romanian style).[5] Typically, monastics receives their skufia either when they first become a novice or when they are tonsured.[6] A monk or nun who has been tonsured to the Great Schema will wear a skoufia that has been embroidered with prayers, crosses, and figures of seraphim.[7]

High-ranking bishops (such as Archbishops and Metropolitans) will sometimes wear a black or purple skufia with a small jewelled cross on informal occasions.[8] A nun will sometimes wear a skufia over her monastic veil;[9] while monks often wear the skufia (without a veil) when the klobuk or epanokamelavkion might get in the way of work.

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Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "domain is for sale for $750,000 - inquire: admin@kosovo.com". Kosovo.com. Retrieved 2014-08-25. 
  2. ^ The Russian-style skufia is traditionally pulled down so that it covers the top of the ears. This is practical, to keep out the cold; but it also has a symbolic practice, reminding the monk not to listen to gossip.
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ http://www.nikitatailor.com/shop/photographs/skufias/red.jpg
  5. ^ http://www.nikitatailor.com/shop/photographs/skufias/red2.jpg
  6. ^ http://www.newsketemonks.com/images/monks/Ambr6.jpg
  7. ^ http://www.sestry.ru/church/img/1115_
  8. ^ [2][dead link]
  9. ^ [3][dead link]

References[edit]

  • Philippi, Dieter (2009). Sammlung Philippi - Kopfbedeckungen in Glaube, Religion und Spiritualität,. St. Benno Verlag, Leipzig. ISBN 978-3-7462-2800-6. 

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