Lawrence, Nassau County, New York
|Lawrence, New York|
|Village of Lawrence|
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York.
|• Total||4.7 sq mi (12.2 km2)|
|• Land||3.8 sq mi (10.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.8 sq mi (2.2 km2)|
|Elevation||20 ft (6 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0955101|
The Village of Lawrence is in the southwest corner of the Town of Hempstead, adjoining the border with the New York City borough of Queens to the west and near the Atlantic Ocean to the south. Lawrence is one of the "Five Towns", which consists of the villages of Lawrence and Cedarhurst, the hamlets (unincorporated areas) of Woodmere and Inwood, and "The Hewletts", which is made up of the hamlet of Hewlett together with the villages of Hewlett Bay Park, Hewlett Harbor and Hewlett Neck, along with Woodsburgh.
Old Lawrence, or Back Lawrence, is a part of the Village of Lawrence, comprising many large homes, mansions, beach side villas and former plantations with very large property, a few dating back to the time of the American Revolution. This area, like Hewlett is unique because its rural affluence is similar in character to the more well known Gold Coast of the North Shore instead of being more urbanized like the rest of the South Shore of Nassau County. An interesting pre-Revolutionary home on Long Island, Rock Hall, was home to two prominent families, the Martins and Hewletts, and is now an active museum.
During the second half of the 19th century, it was a main vacation spot for the rich families until the 1890s. A series of hurricanes and nor'easters altered the coastline considerably and destroyed a large beachfront hotel. Lawrence could no longer boast direct access to the sands along the Atlantic Ocean. At the same time, Lawrence began to become more like a modern suburb, a village with schools, public facilities, better roads and a large town area that expanded into what is now today.
Lawrence, or most notably Old Lawrence, was formerly home to a large upper class of White Anglo-Saxon Protestant families that lived there since the time of the American Revolution. From the 1940s to 1980s, it became a center of Reform and Conservative Jewish life that included the largest Reform synagogue on Long Island (Temple Israel). Many noteworthy residents grew up in Lawrence during this period.
In the late 1980s, it saw a large migration of Modern Orthodox Jews. The Orthodox Jewish communities are close to the more Haredi nearby center of Far Rockaway which has more yeshivas for the children and younger members as well as a variety of kosher restaurants and communal organizations. Central Avenue in Lawrence (and its continuation in Cedarhurst) has a large and growing number of kosher restaurants and other business catering to the Orthodox community.
Lawrence is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 4.7 square miles (12.1 km2), of which, 3.8 square miles (10.0 km2) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.2 km2) of it (17.91%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,522 people, 2,113 households, and 1,629 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,694.6 people per square mile (654.1/km2). There were 2,287 housing units at an average density of 594.2 per square mile (229.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 95.2% White, 1.1% African American, <0.1% Native American, 1.7% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.4% of the population.
There were 2,113 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.7% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.9% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.62.
In the village the population was spread out with 32.6% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 20.3% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $104,845, and the median income for a family was $129,779. Males had a median income of $99,841 versus $41,094 for females. The per capita income for the village was $51,602. About 4.3% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.
The Village of Lawrence is governed by an elected Mayor and Board of Trustees. The present Mayor is Martin Oliner, elected in 2010. The Board of Trustees consists of 5 members including the Mayor. Members of the Board of Trustees are as follows:
- Martin Oliner - Mayor
- Michael A. Fragin - Trustee
- C. Simon Felder - Trustee
- Irving Langer- Trustee
- Alexander Edelman - Trustee
Lawrence recently enacted term limits for the Village Board. The Mayor may only serve three two year terms and trustees are limited to four two year terms.
Representation within wider government
- Township - Town of Hempstead, Kate Murray, Town Supervisor
- County - Nassau County, Ed Mangano, County Executive
- New York State Legislature - Senate, 9th District, Dean Skelos, Senator
- New York State Legislature - Assembly, 20th District, Harvey Weisenberg, Assemblyman
- United States Congress - New York's 4th district, Kathleen Rice, Representative
The Hebrew Academy of the Five Towns and Rockaway, is a K-12 Modern Orthodox school where students study Jewish and secular subjects in a dual curriculum. The Pre-School, Kindergarten and Elementary schools are located on one campus on Frost Lane and Washington Avenue.
The Brandeis School is a conservative Jewish Day School located in Lawrence.
Mesivta Ateres Yaakov is a yeshiva located in Lawrence.
Rambam Mesivta is also located in Lawrence on Frost ave. It is for grades 9-12 where students learn a dual curriculum of Jewish and Secular studies.
Lawrence is also home to the Shor Yoshuv Institute, a Rabbinical College with several hundred students.
The Lawrence station provides Long Island Rail Road service on the Far Rockaway Branch to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan and Atlantic Terminal in Brooklyn with connections at Jamaica to other parts of Long Island.
The n31 and n32 buses of Nassau Inter-County Express run down Central Avenue extending southwest into Far Rockaway (with a connection to the A train of the New York City Subway at Far Rockaway – Mott Avenue) and northeast to the Hempstead Transit Center in central Nassau County with connections to other parts of Long Island.
Lawrence is served by the Lawrence-Cedarhurst Fire Department. The LCFD consists of 85 volunteer firefighters and emergency medical technicians and provides fire protection to the villages of Lawrence and Cedarhurst, as well as the North Lawrence Fire District and East Lawrence Fire District. The LCFD also responds to alarms such as car accidents and aided cases on the Atlantic Beach Bridge.
Notable current and former residents of Lawrence include:
- Benjamin Brafman, criminal defense attorney
- Karen Burstein, politician and former judge who was the unsuccessful Democratic nominee for New York State Attorney General in 1994.
- Mark Dreier
- Rockie Gardiner, psychic, was raised in Lawrence
- Henry Hill and his wife, Karen (the subjects of the film Goodfellas) moved in with Karen's parents when the Hills were newlyweds.
- Donna Karan (born 1948), fashion designer
- Peggy Lipton (born 1946), actress best known for her role in The Mod Squad
- Steve Madden (born 1958), shoe designer
- Alana Newhouse, editor of Tablet Magazine
- Aaron Russo, movie producer, libertarian
- Israel Singer, a rabbi and professor who has held leadership posts in several international Jewish organizations
- Rob Weiss, director/producer of Amongst Friends and Entourage
- Leslie West (born 1945), of the hard rock group Mountain
- Bradley Tusk, founder of Tusk Strategies, a political and strategic consulting firm based in New York City
- Barron, James. "IF YOU'RE THINKING OF LIVING IN: FIVE TOWNS", The New York Times, July 10, 1983. Accessed May 20, 2008. "The basic five are Lawrence, Cedarhurst, Woodmere, Hewlett and Inwood. But the area also includes some unincorporated communities and two tiny villages, Hewlett Bay Park and Woodsburgh, that are not added to the final total."
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Village of Lawrence Website
- 4th Precinct, Nassau County Police Department. Accessed August 20, 2007.
- Lawrence Cedarhurst Fire Department, FireDepartments.net. Accessed March 9, 2008.
- "Burstein Brings an Edge to Attorney General's Race" - New York Times, August 7, 1994, Accessed May 3, 2008
- "INTERVIEW; Her Winning Way With Fashion", Van Gelder, Lawrence, The New York Times, October 16, 1977; Accessed September 15, 2008
- "'Bored? Creatively I'm Bored, But...'", Berkvist, Robert, New York Times, March 19, 1972; Accessed September 15, 2008
- "BRINGING IT BACK HOME. Steve Madden's new ad campaign focuses on his fashion center - Queens", Dominguez, Robert, Daily News (New York), October 19, 2006; Accessed September 15, 2008
- "FILM; 'Amongst Friends' Tops Off a Journey Of Self-Discovery", Lyall, Sarah, The New York Times, July 18, 1993; Accessed September 18, 2008
- "Nascent Hall of Fame to Welcome First Honorees", 'Fischler, Marcelle, The New York Times, October 15, 2006; Accessed November 26, 2007