Lincoln M. Alexander Parkway
|Lincoln M. Alexander Parkway|
|Maintained by City of Hamilton|
|Length:||11.3 km (7.0 mi)|
Constructed 1991–97October 15, 1997
|West end:|| Highway 403
(continues as Mohawk Road)
|East end:||Dartnall Road
(continues as the Red Hill Valley Parkway)
|Roads in Ontario|
The Lincoln Alexander Parkway, officially nicknamed The Linc, is a municipal expressway in the Canadian city of Hamilton, Ontario, which connects Highway 403 and the Red Hill Valley Parkway, which continues north to the Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW). Collectively, the two expressways form a southern bypass of Hamilton. Located on the Hamilton mountain, atop the Niagara Escarpment, the freeway is named after the former Progressive Conservative MP and first black Lieutenant Governor of Ontario, Lincoln Alexander, despite him never holding a driver's license of his own. The expressway opened on October 5, 1997, just over a decade before the Red Hill Valley Parkway, which opened on November 17, 2007. The speed limit on the parkway is 90 km/h.
The Lincoln M. Alexander Parkway begins in the west end of Hamilton at a large turbine interchange with Highway 403, which also provides access to Mohawk Road from Westbound Highway 403 and The Linc. Travelling eastbound, the expressway descends into a ditch, which it travels along approximately 200 metres (660 ft) south of the concession road (Limeridge Road) which it replaced.
The parkway was one of two phases to build an expressway bypass on the south side of Hamilton. Despite this, plans for both The Linc as well as the Red Hill Valley Parkway appeared simultaneously in 1963, when Hamilton City Council approved the 'Hamilton Area Transportation Study' which included the Highway 53 Freeway as one of five proposed expressways. These were subsequently added to the city's official plan in 1964. However, political change and shifting public attitudes would soon reject the idea of inner-city expressways, instead shifting the focus to public transportation. The cancellation of the Spadina Expressway in Toronto was the turning point in this shift.
It would take until 1982 before serious consideration was given to any expressway plan. While most of the planned 1963 routes had vanished from the drawing board, a north–south link through the Red Hill Valley Creek and an east–west route along the brow of the escarpment remained in place. An environmental assessment of both links began and was approved in 1985. However, expressway opponents launched an appeal to the provincial cabinet. This appeal was rejected in 1987, and engineering began. Preliminary designs were submitted to the Regional Municipality of Hamilton–Wentworth and approved in April 1990. Construction began immediately on structures to carry three routes (two road and one rail) over the future Red Hill Valley Parkway.
However, the election of the NDP government in September 1990 — with representatives whom were all vocally opposed to the expressway since the late 1970s winning all six Hamilton-area seats — provincial funding was pulled from the north–south portion of the project in December. Despite this, construction began on the east–west expressway in 1991 while the City of Hamilton attempted to sue the provincial government for the reinstatement of funding for the other portion. In April 1992, work began on overpasses at Upper Paradise Road and Upper Sherman Avenue. This was followed in late 1993 by a project to link Mohawk Road and Golf Links Road along with an interchange to connect the two with Highway 403 at the former Mohawk Road interchange, which would become the connection point for the future expressway. As part of this project, Stone Church Road was extended west from Upper Horning Road to Golf Links Road. Work continued on the new expressway over the next several years, wrapping up in mid-1997. By then, a new Progressive Conservative government was in power, and committed $100 million towards the two projects. An opening ceremony was held on October 5, 1997, with local, regional and provincial politicians in attendance. The new expressway opened to vehicular traffic ten days later on October 15.
|0.4||0.2||Highway 403 – Brantford, Woodstock, Burlington, Toronto|
|1.7||1.1||Regional Road 260 south (Golf Links Road)
Mohawk Road (Hamilton Road 260) north
|5.9||3.7||Upper James Street|
|7.6||4.7||Upper Wentworth Street|
|9.2||5.7||Upper Gage Avenue|
|Lincoln M. Alexander Parkway continues north as Red Hill Valley Parkway|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- "Project History". Friends of Red Hill Valley. Archived from the original on October 10, 2009. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
- Williamson, Robert J. (2002). "Lincoln Alexander Parkway". In Houghton, Margaret. Hamilton Street Names - An Illustrated Guide. James Lorimer & Co. p. 71–72. Retrieved January 16, 2014.
- Nolan, Daniel (January 21, 2012). "Linc on turning 90: 'I’m a lucky dude'". Hamilton Spectator. Retrieved October 23, 2012.
- Ontario Back Road Atlas (Map). Cartography by MapArt. Peter Heiler. 2010. p. 17. § Q27–R29. ISBN 978-1-55198-226-7.
- Kilpatrick, Ken (October 5, 1997). "First phase of 'The Linc' 4-lane expressway opens". The Toronto Star. p. A9.
- EAST-WEST EXPRESSWAY Ready to roll: [Final Edition] Stories by JIM POLING. The Hamilton Spectator [Hamilton, Ont] 23 Mar 1992: B1
- Stone Church Road extension welcomed: [Final Edition] The Hamilton Spectator [Hamilton, Ont] 30 Sep 1993: B4
- Google (January 16, 2014). "Lincoln M. Alexander Parkway - length and route" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 16, 2014.