Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre
|Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC)|
|Jurisdiction||Department of Space|
|Annual budget||See the budget of ISRO|
|Agency executive||M. Chandradathan, Director|
The Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC)(Hindi:द्रव नोदन प्रणाली केंद्र), located at three places, Valiyamala, near Nedumangad in Thiruvananthapuram District, Kerala, Mahendragiri in Kanyakumari District of Tamil Nadu and Bangaluru, Karnataka. It is a research centre under Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
Engaged in development of liquid and cryogenic propulsion stages for launch vehicles and auxiliary propulsion systems for both launch vehicles and satellites. Activities related to liquid propulsion stages, cryogenic propulsion stages and control systems for launch vehicles and spacecraft is done at Thiruvananthapuram. The developmental and flight tests along with assembly and integration are done at Mahendragiri, near Nagercoil, in Tamil Nadu. Precision fabrication facilities, development of transducers and integration of satellite propulsion systems are carried out at Bangalore.
The development of liquid propellant stages for PSLV, control systems for SLV-3, ASLV, PSLV and GSLV, satellite propulsion systems including those for INSAT and IRS and production of pressure transducers are done by the LPSC for India. The LPSC has developed indigenous cryogenic upper stage for Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) which was successfully test fired by ISRO on August 4, 2007.
LPSC's current director is M. Chandradathan. He took over from S. Ramakrishnan on January 1, 2013 after the latter was appointed as Director of VSSC.
It is one of the units of three units of LPSC and could be called as the "Jet Propulsion Laboratory of India" as all stage and engine related tests of ISRO's launch vehicle programmes are carried out here. It also conducts the test for the Satellite Engines. An indigenous liquid hydrogen plant was erected at this facility to supply fuel for the cryogenic upper stage of GSLV. It has a cosmopolitan environment with people from all parts of India working to realise a common goal for India's success in all its launch vehicle programmes.
This unit caters predominantly to propulsion requirements of satellite programmes of ISRO apart from development of indigenous sensors and transducers.
- Indian Space Research Organisation
- Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre
- Satish Dhawan Space Centre
- Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology