List of Portuguese consorts

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Throughout its history, the Portuguese monarchy has had only two queens regnant: Maria I and Maria II of Portugal (and, arguably, Beatrice[1] for a short period of time in the 14th century).

The other women who used the title of "Queen of Portugal" were merely queens consort, wives of the Portuguese kings. Nevertheless, many of them were highly influential in the country's history, having ruled as regents for their minor children and heirs, as well has having a great influence over their spouses.

Elizabeth of Aragon, who was married to Denis of Portugal, was made a saint after there were said to have been miracles performed after her death.

Portugal also had two male royal consorts - Auguste de Beauharnais, 2nd Duke of Leuchtenberg and Ferdinand II of Portugal - both consorts to Maria II of Portugal. The first one died leaving his wife childless, and therefore never became King of Portugal since the husband of a Portuguese Queen Regnant could only be titled King after the birth of any child from that marriage. Maria II's second husband was her consort until the birth of their first child. Upon birth of the heir Ferdinand ceased to be consort and instead became de jure uxoris King of Portugal as Ferdinand II.

Queen consort of Portugal[edit]

House of Burgundy, 1139–1383[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Maud of Savoy.jpg Maud of Savoy Amadeus III, Count of Savoy
(Savoy)
1125 January/June 1146 4 November 1157 Afonso I
2- Rainha D. Dulce.jpg Dulce of Aragon Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona
(Barcelona)
1160 1174/5 6 December 1185
husband's accession
1 September 1198 Sancho I
3- Rainha D. Urraca.jpg Urraca of Castile Alfonso VIII of Castile
(Ivrea)
1186/28 May 1187 1206 26 March 1212
husband's accession
3 November 1220 Afonso II
Mécia Lopes de Haro.jpg Mécia Lopes de Haro Lope Díaz II de Haro
(Haro)
1215 1246 4 December 1247
husband's desposition
1270 Sancho II
Mahaut1.jpg Matilda II of Boulogne Renaud I, Count of Dammartin
(Mello)
1202 1235 4 January 1248
husband's accession
1253
divorce
14 January 1259/1260/1262 Afonso III
Rainha D. Beatriz de Castela I.jpg Beatrice of Castile Alfonso X of Castile
(Ivrea)
1242 1253 16 February 1279
husband's death
27 October 1303
Rainha Santa Isabel - D. Dinis.jpg Elizabeth of Aragon Peter III of Aragon
(Barcelona)
4 January 1271 2 February/24 June 1282 7 January 1325
husband's death
4 July 1336 Denis
Rainha D. Beatriz de Castela II - Rei D. Afonso IV.jpg Beatrice of Castile Sancho IV of Castile
(Ivrea)
8 March 1293 12 September 1309 7 January 1325
husband's accession
28 May 1357
husband's death
25 October 1359 Afonso IV
Inecastro.jpg Inês de Castro
[2]
Pedro Fernández de Castro
(Castro)
1325/7 1346
secretly
1 January 1354
openly
- 7 January 1355 Peter I
Leonore Teles de Menezes.jpg Leonor Telles de Meneses Martim Afonso Tello de Menezes 1350 March 1372 22 October 1383
husband's death
27 April 1386 Ferdinand I

House of Aviz, 1385–1580[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Filipa lencastre.jpg Philippa of Lancaster John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
(Lancaster)
31 March 1359 11 February 1387 19 July 1415 John I
D. Leonor.PNG Eleanor of Aragon Ferdinand I of Aragon
(Trastámara)
1402 22 September 1428 14 August 1433
husband's accession
9 September 1438
husband's death
19 February 1445 Edward
Isabel de Coimbra.PNG Isabella of Coimbra Peter, Duke of Coimbra
(Aviz)
1 March 1432 6 May 1447 2 December 1455 Afonso V
Juana la Beltraneja.jpg Joanna la Beltraneja Henry IV of Castile
(Trastámara)
21 February 1462 30 May 1475 1479
divorce
1530
13- Rainha D. Leonor.jpg Eleanor of Viseu Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu
(Aviz)
2 May 1458 22 January 1471 28 August 1481
husband's accession
25 October 1495
husband's death
17 November 1525 John II
Elisabet, reina de Portugal.jpg Isabella of Asturias Ferdinand II of Aragon
(Trastámara)
2 October 1470 30 September 1497 28 August 1498 Manuel I
Maria of Aragon.jpg Maria of Aragon 29 June 1482 30 October 1500 7 March 1517
Joos van Cleve 003.jpg Eleanor of Austria Philip I of Castile
(Habsburg)
15 November 1498 16 July 1518 13 December 1521
husband's death
25 February 1558
Lopes Catherine of Habsburg.jpg Catherine of Austria 14 January 1507 10 February 1525 11 June 1557
husband's death
12 February 1578 John III

House of Habsburg, 1581–1640[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Margaret of austria 1609.jpg Margaret of Austria Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
25 December 1584 18 April 1599 3 October 1611 Philip II
Isabel de Borbón, from Statens Museum for Kunst, by Diego Velázquez.jpg Elisabeth of France Henry IV of France
(Bourbon)
22 November 1602 25 November 1615 31 March 1621
husband's accession
15 December 1640
husband's desposition
6 October 1644 Philip III

House of Braganza, 1640–1853[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
José de Avelar Rebelo - Retrato da Rainha D.Luisa de Gusmão.jpg Luisa de Guzmán Juan Manuel Pérez de Guzmán, 8th Duke of Medina Sidonia
(Guzmán)
13 October 1613 12 January 1633 1 December 1640
husband's accession
6 November 1656
husband's death
27 February 1666 John IV
Marie Françoise de Savoie-Nemours.jpg Maria Francisca of Savoy
[3]
Charles Amadeus, Duke of Nemours
(Savoy)
21 June 1646 2 August 1666 24 March 1668
divorce
27 December 1683 Afonso VI
2 April 1668 21 December 1668
divorce
27 December 1683 Peter II
Mariasofianeuburgo.gif Maria Sophia of Neuburg Philip William, Elector Palatine
(Wittelsbach)
6 August 1666 11 August 1687 4 August 1699
MariaAnaJosefaAustria.jpg Maria Anna of Austria Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg)
7 September 1683 27 October 1708 31 July 1750
husband's death
14 August 1754 John V
Portrait of Queen Mariana Vitória, Palácio Nacional de Queluz.jpg Mariana Victoria of Spain Philip V of Spain
(Bourbon)
31 March 1718 19 January 1729 31 July 1750
husband's accession
24 February 1777
husband's death
15 January 1781 Joseph I
Carlota Joaquina.jpg Carlota of Spain Charles IV of Spain
(Bourbon)
25 April 1775 8 May 1785 20 March 1816
husband's accession
10 March 1826
husband's death
7 January 1830 John VI
29- Imperatriz rainha D. Leopoldina.jpg Maria Leopoldina of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Habsburg-Lorraine)
22 January 1797 6 November 1817 26 March 1826
husband's accession
28 May 1826
husband's abdication
11 December 1826 Peter IV
G. Dury - D. Augusto, duque de Leuchtenberg.JPG Auguste de Beauharnais Eugène de Beauharnais, 1st Duke of Leuchtenberg
(Beauharnais)
9 December 1810 1 December 1834 by proxy
26 January 1835 in person
28 March 1835 Maria II
Fernandodeportugalcoburgo.jpg Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(Saxe-Coburg and Gotha)
29 October 1816 1 January 1836 16 September 1837
became King
15 December 1885
30- Rainha D. Adelaide.jpg Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Miguelist Queen
[4]
Constantine, Hereditary Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
(Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg)
3 April 1831 24 September 1851 - 16 December 1909 Miguel

House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 1853–1910[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Consort Ceased to be Consort Death Spouse
Estefânia Hohenzollern Sigmarigen.jpg Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern
(Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen)
15 July 1837 18 May 1858 17 July 1859 Peter V
33- Rainha D. Maria Pia - O Anjo da Caridade.jpg Maria Pia of Savoy Victor Emmanuel II of Italy
(Savoy)
14 February 1847 6 October 1862 19 October 1889
husband's death
5 July 1911 Luís I
Maria Amélia of Orleans.jpg Amélie of Orléans Prince Philippe, Count of Paris
(Orléans)
28 September 1865 22 May 1886 19 October 1889
husband's accession
1 February 1908
husband's death
25 October 1951 Carlos I
Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern.jpg Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern
Queen in Exile
[5]
William, Prince of Hohenzollern
(Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen)
19 August 1890 4 September 1913 - 29 August 1966 Manuel II

See also[edit]

Media related to Queens of Portugal at Wikimedia Commons

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Although she is usually not listed as de facto queen of Portugal, Beatrice was de jure queen, acclaimed in several cities in Portugal. Her pretensions to the throne were defeated after the Battle of Aljubarrota.
  2. ^ According to tradition, Peter I proclaimed Inês as his legitimate wife and queen after her death and his accession to the throne. His second wife, Constance Manuel of Castile, who died 12 years before Peter became king, is therefore not listed. Neither is the first wife, Blanche of Castille, to whom he was married briefly as a teenager. This union was annulled.
  3. ^ Between 1668 and 1683, Marie-Françoise was married to then Regent Prince Peter, therefore she used the title of Duchess of Beja for a short period; she returned to the style of queen after Afonso VI's death, remaining in that position for three months until her own death in December 1683.
  4. ^ Formally, Adelaide was never queen of Portugal, since she married Miguel after his deposition. She is thus listed here due to her marriage to the former king and their recognization as King and Queen by the Miguelists. She used the titles Duchess of Braganza, as well as Marquise of Vila Viçosa, Countess of Arraiolos, Countess of Barcelos, Countess of Neiva and Countess of Ourém.
  5. ^ The same applies to Augusta Victoria - although she was married to a de facto king, the union was after his deposition as King of Portugal.