List of Swedish-speaking and bilingual municipalities of Finland
In Finland 90.0% of the population speak Finnish, and 5.4% Swedish (as of December 31, 2011). Both languages are official. At the local level, a municipality can officially use Finnish, Swedish or be bilingual. The Finnish language law provides for bilingualism if both languages represent at least 8% of the population, or at least 3,000 speakers. A previously bilingual municipality retains its status until the proportion falls below 6%, but a municipality can choose to retain bilingualism even if the percentage drops below 6. Lohja is the only municipality to make use of this special provision. The 3,000-speaker rule was introduced as the proportion of Swedish residents of Turku (approximately 9,000 people) was less than 6%. Additionally, the 3,000-speaker rule applies in Vantaa (which has around 6,000 Swedish-speaking residents); other municipalities are bilingual by virtue of the percentage rule.
Under the present regulations, valid until 2012, of 336 Finnish municipalities, 19 are Swedish-speaking (including 16 in Åland). 30 municipalities are bilingual; of these, 12 have a Swedish-speaking majority and 18 a Finnish-speaking one. The remaining 289 municipalities are monolingually Finnish-speaking.
- Language codes
- S = monolingually Swedish-speaking
- S-F = majority Swedish-speaking
- F-S = majority Finnish-speaking
- Tilastokeskus / Statistikcentralen (Statistics Finland, accessed 11 November 2007): "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area 1980-2006".
- Language law 6.6.2003/423 §5; Text of the law in Finnish, Swedish and English versions