List of non-marine molluscs of Austria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Location of Austria

The non-marine molluscs of Austria are a part of the fauna of Austria. Austria is land-locked and therefore it has no marine molluscs, only land and freshwater species. This list is based on the current Red List of Austrian molluscs.[1]

There are 443 species of non-marine molluscs living in Austria. Of these, 426 species live in the wild, 60 of which are endemic to Austria. At least 17 gastropod species live only as hothouse aliens in greenhouses, aquaria and terraria. Another 4 non-indigenous species occur only in hot springs.



Freshwater gastropods[edit]

Shells of Theodoxus danubialis, a once widespread species in the east of Austria

Neritidae

Viviparidae

Melanopsidae

Hydrobiidae

Bithyniidae

Valvatidae

Acroloxidae

Lymnaeidae

Physidae

Planorbidae

Land gastropods[edit]

Cochlostomatidae


Pomatiidae

Aciculidae

Empty shells of Platyla polita

Carychiidae

Succineidae

Cochlicopidae

Orculidae

  • Odontocyclas kokeilii (Rossmässler, 1837)
  • Orcula austriaca – endemic: Orcula austriaca austriaca S. Zimmermann, 1932; Orcula austriaca faueri Klemm, 1967; Orcula austriaca goelleri Gittenberger, 1967; Orcula austriaca pseudofuchsi Klemm, 1967
  • Orcula conica (Rossmässler, 1837)
  • Orcula dolium: Orcula dolium dolium (Draparnaud, 1801); Orcula dolium edita Pilsbry, 1934 - endemic; Orcula dolium gracilior S. Zimmermann - endemic; Orcula dolium infima Pilsbry, 1934 - endemic; Orcula dolium pseudogularis A. J. Wagner 1912 - endemic
  • Orcula pseudodolium A.J. Wagner, 1912 - endemic
  • Orcula fuchsi S. Zimmermann, 1931 - endemic
  • Orcula gularis including Orcula gularis gularis (Rossmässler, 1837), Orcula gularis oreina Pilsbry, 1934 - endemic
  • Orcula restituta (Westerlund, 1887)
  • Orcula tolminensis A. J. Wagner, 1912
  • Pagodulina pagodula: Pagodulina pagodula altilis Klemm, 1939; Pagodulina pagodula principalis Klemm, 1939
  • Pagodulina sparsa Pilsbry, 1924
  • Pagodulina subdola: Pagodulina subdola subdola (Gredler, 1856); Pagodulina subdola superstes Klemm, 1939
  • Sphyradium doliolum (Bruguiere, 1792)

Argnidae

Strobilopsidae

Valloniidae

Pupillidae

Pyramidulidae

Chondrinidae

Vertiginidae

Six shells of Vertigo alpestris

Enidae

Clausiliidae

  • Balea biplicata: Balea biplicata biplicata (Montagu, 1803); Balea biplicata sordida (Rossmässler, 1835); Balea biplicata chuenringorum (Tschapeck, 1890)
  • Balea perversa (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Bulgarica cana (Held, 1836)
  • Bulgarica vetusta (Rossmässler, 1836)
  • Charpentieria itala: Charpentieria itala braunii (Rossmässler, 1836); Charpentieria itala punctata (Michaud, 1831) - non-indigenous
  • Charpentieria ornata (Rossmässler, 1836)
  • Charpentieria stenzii cincta (Brumati, 1838)
  • Clausilia cruciata: Clausilia cruciata cruciata (S. Studer, 1820); Clausilia cruciata cuspidata Held, 1836; Clausilia cruciata minima A. Schmidt, 1856; Clausilia cruciata geminella Klemm, 1972
  • Clausilia dubia: Clausilia dubia dubia Draparnaud, 1805; Clausilia dubia vindobonensis A. Schmidt, 1856; Clausilia dubia speciosa A. Schmidt, 1856; Clausilia dubia huettneri Klemm, 1960; Clausilia dubia schlechtii A. Schmidt, 1856;Clausilia dubia tettelbachiana Rossmässler, 1838; Clausilia dubia kaeufeli Klemm, 1960; Clausilia dubia gracilior Clessin, 1887; Clausilia dubia grimmeri L. Pfeiffer, 1848; Clausilia dubia otvinensis H. V. Gallenstein, 1895; Clausilia dubia floningiana Westerlund, 1888; Clausilia dubia bucculenta Klemm, 1960;Clausilia dubia runensis Tschapeck, 1883; Clausilia dubia moldanubica Klemm, 1960; Clausilia dubia dydima F.J. Schmidt, 1847; Clausilia dubia steinbergensis Edlinger, 2000
  • Clausilia pumila C. Pfeiffer, 1828
  • Clausilia rugosa parvula A. Ferussac, 1807
  • Cochlodina costata commutata (Rossmässler, 1836)
  • Cochlodina dubiosa (Clessin, 1882)
  • Cochlodina fimbriata (Rossmässler, 1835)
  • Cochlodina laminata: Cochlodina laminata laminata (Montagu, 1803); Cochlodina laminata insulana Gittenberger, 1967
  • Cochlodina orthostoma (Menke, 1828)
  • Dilataria succineata (Rossmässler, 1836)
  • Erjavecia bergeri (Rossmässler, 1836)
  • Fusulus interruptus (C. Pfeiffer, 1828)
  • Fusulus approximans (A. Schmidt, 1856)
  • Herilla bosniensis (L. Pfeiffer, 1868) – non-indigenous
  • Julica schmidtii rablensis (M. Gallenstein, 1852)
  • Laciniaria plicata (Draparnaud, 1801)
  • Macrogastra asphaltina (Rossmässler, 1836)
  • Macrogastra attenuata: Macrogastra attenuata attenuata (Rossmässler, 1835); Macrogastra attenuata lineolata (Held, 1836)
  • Macrogastra badia: Macrogastra badia badia (C. Pfeiffer, 1828); Macrogastra badia suprema (Klemm, 1969); Macrogastra badia crispulata (Westerlund, 1884); Macrogastra badia mucida (Rossmässler, 1835); Macrogastra badia carinthiaca (A. Sschmidt, 1856); Macrogastra badia fontana (L. Pfeiffer, 1848); Macrogastra badia cacuminis (Klemm, 1969)
  • Macrogastra densestriata: Macrogastra densestriata densestriata (Rossmässler, 1836); Macrogastra densestriata gredleri Nordsiek, 1993
Pseudofusulus varians
  • Macrogastra plicatula: Macrogastra plicatula plicatula (Draparnaud, 1801); Macrogastra plicatula grossa (Westerlund, 1878); Macrogastra plicatula rusiostoma (Held, 1836); Macrogastra plicatula iniuncta (L. Pfeiffer, 1849); Macrogastra plicatula convallicola (Westerlund, 1878); Macrogastra plicatula senex (Westerlund, 1878); Macrogastra plicatula superflua (Charpentier, 1852); Macrogastra plicatula alpestris (Clessin, 1878)
  • Macrogastra tumida (Rossmässler, 1836)
  • Macrogastra ventricosa: Macrogastra ventricosa ventricosa (Draparnaud, 1801); Macrogastra ventricosa major (Rossmässler, 1836)
  • Medora macascarensis carniolica (Küster, 1854) – non-indigenous
  • Neostyriaca corynodes: Neostyriaca corynodes corynodes (Held, 1836); Neostyriaca corynodes saxatilis (Hartmann, 1844); Neostyriaca corynodes brandti (Klemm, 1969); Neostyriaca corynodes styriaca (A. Schmidt, 1856); Neostyriaca corynodes evadens (Klemm, 1969); Neostyriaca corynodes conclusa (Klemm, 1969)
  • Pseudofusulus varians (C. Pfeiffer, 1828)
  • Ruthenica filograna (Rossmässler, 1836)

Ferussaciidae

Punctidae

Discidae

Pristilomatidae

Euconulidae

Gastrodontidae

Oxychilidae

Aegopis verticillus, a common species in the Vienna Woods

Zonitidae

Milacidae

Limacidae

Agriolimacidae

Boettgerillidae

Vitrinidae

Arionidae

Hygromiidae

A live individual of Trochulus oreinos oreinos, an endemic of the northeastern Alps

Bradybaenidae

Helicodontidae

Shell of Cylindrus obtusus, another endemic species of the Austrian Alps

Helicidae

Bivalvia[edit]

Margaritiferidae

Unionidae

Corbiculidae

Sphaeriidae

Dreissenidae

Hothouse alien species[edit]

Hothouse aliens in Austria include:

Alien species in hot springs[edit]

Following species occur as aliens in natural hot springs:

See also[edit]

Lists of molluscs of surrounding countries:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Reischütz, A. & P. L. Reischütz (2007): Rote Liste der Weichtiere (Mollusca) Österreichs. In: Zulka, P. (Ed.): Rote Listen gefährdeter Tiere Österreichs. Checklisten, Gefährdungsanalysen, Handlungsbedarf. Teil 2. Grüne Reihe des BLFUW, Wien, Böhlauverlag, pp 363 – 433
  2. ^ (German) Schultz H. & Schultz O. (2001). "Erstnachweis der Gemeinen Kahnschnecke, Theodoxus fluviatilis (LINNAEUS, 1758) in Österreich (Gastropoda: Neritidae)". Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 103B: 231-241. PDF.
  3. ^ Fontaine B., Bouchet P., Van Achterberg K., Alonso-Zarazaga M. A., Araujo R. et al. (2007). "The European union’s 2010 target: Putting rare species in focus." Biological Conservation 139: 167-185. Table 2 on the page 173. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2007.06.012. PDF.
  4. ^ "Species summary for Pupilla bigranata ". AnimalBase. Last modified 30-12-2008, accessed 30 July 2010.
  5. ^ "Species summary for Pupilla triplicata". AnimalBase. Last modified 15-04-2010, accessed 31 July 2010.
  6. ^ Kiss, Y. & Kopf, T.(2010). Die Vertigo-Arten (Gastropoda: Vertingidae) des Anhangs II der FFH-Richtlinie in Südtirol: zweites Erhebungsjahr (2009). Gredleriana 10: 187-208.
  7. ^ Fischer, W. (2013). "Beiträge zur Kenntnis der österreichischen Molluskenfauna XXXVI. Oxychilus (Mediterranea) hydatinus (ROSSMÄSSLER 1838) neu für Österreich." Nachrichtenblatt der Ersten Vorarlberger Malakologischen Gesellschaft 20: 27-28.
  8. ^ Manganelli G., Bodon M. & Giusti F. (2010). "The status of Arion alpinus Pollonera 1887, and re-description of Arion obesoductus Reischütz 1973 (Gastropoda, Arionidae)". Journal of Conchology 40: 269-276. abstract.
  9. ^ (German) Aescht, E. & A. Bisenberger (2011): Artenliste der Weichtiere (Mollusca: Gastropoda und Bivalvia)des Bundeslandes Oberösterreich mit Anmerkungen zur Gefährdung [Annotated check-list of the molluscs (Gastropoda und Bivalvia) in the federal state of Upper Austria]. Beiträge zur Naturkunde Oberösterreichs 21: 405-466
  10. ^ Shileyko, A. A. (2009). ""Sitala" rumbangensis E. Smith, 1895 (Mollusca, Pulmonata) - an unexpected inhabitant of the Zoo in Vienna". Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 111B: 5-12.
  11. ^ P. L. Reischütz (2011): Veronicella sp. (Veronicellidae:Pulmonata). Ein weiterer "unexpected inhabitant" des Tropenhauses im Tiergarten Schönbrunn. Nachrichtenblatt der Ersten Vorarlberger Malakologischen Gesellschaft 19: 15-16

Further reading[edit]

  • Klemm W. (1974). "Die Verbreitung der rezenten Land-Gehäuse-Schnecken in Österreich. [Distribution of recent landsnails in Austria]". Denkschriften der Österrerreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse) 117: 1-503, Wien. (German)
  • Reischütz P. L. (1986). "Die Verbreitung der Nacktschnecken Österreichs. [Distribution of Austrian slugs](Arionidae, Milacidae, Limacidae, Agriolimacidae, Boettgerilidae)." (Supplement 2 des Catalogus Faunae Austriae). Sitzungsberichte der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse) 195: 67–190. (German)
  • Zulka P. (ed.) (2007). "Rote Listen gefährdeter Tiere Österreichs. [Red lists of the endangered animals of Austria]". Checklisten, Gefährdungsanalysen, Handlungsbedarf. Teil 2. Grüne Reihe des BLFUW. Wien, Böhlauverlag. (German)

External links[edit]