|Dates of operation||1998–present|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) (standard gauge)|
Ferromex began operating on February 19, 1998, following the privatization of most of the government-owned railroads by then President of Mexico Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Leon. The Ferromex system operates more than 8,500 kilometers (5,300 mi) of track and interconnects five major inland Mexican cities, five cities along the border with the United States, four seaports on the Pacific Ocean and one more on the Gulf of Mexico. Currently, Grupo Mexico owns 74% and Union Pacific Corporation owns 26% of the company, respectively.
Ferromex hosts the Ferrocarril Chihuahua al Pacífico "ChePe" railroad, a tourist line that runs through the Copper Canyon. Ferromex also operates the Tequila Express, which runs from Guadalajara, Jalisco to a tequila distillery in Amatitán, Jalisco.
Merger with Ferrosur
In November 2005, Grupo Mexico, owner of Ferromex purchased Infraestructura y Transportes Ferroviarios, the parent company of Ferrosur, another of Mexico's Class I railroads, in a US$309 million stock transaction. The Mexican Federal Competition Commission (CFC) had rejected a proposed 2002 merger of Ferromex and Ferrosur amid opposition from Ferromex competitor, Grupo Transportación Ferroviaria Mexicana (TFM).
Following the November 2005 purchase of Ferrosur by Grupo Mexico, Kansas City Southern de México (KCSM), successor to TFM, petitioned the Mexican government to block the merger of Ferrosur and Ferromex. The CFC rejected the merger in June 2006 stating that the merger would have led to excessive concentration in the railroad industry to the detriment of consumers and competing shippers. However, in March 2011, a tribunal ruled in Grupo Mexico's favor, and the merger was permitted.
- "Grupo México, About us, Offices". Retrieved 2009-03-02.[dead link]
- FWN Select, "Grupo Mexico Buys Ferrosur Railway From Carso" (Nov. 25, 2005)
- "Abandonments & Acquisitions". Trains Magazine 66 (3): p 15. March 2006. ISSN 0041-0934.
- FWN Select, "Mexico's Antitrust Agency To Study Railway Merger" (Nov. 28, 2005)
- FWN Select, "Mexico's Antitrust Commission Rejects Rail Merger Appeal" (Nov. 15, 2006)
- "Mexican Tribunal OKs Grupo Mexico Railroad merger". Reuters. 2011-03-28.
- "Railway Gazette: EMD wins two SD70ACe orders". Retrieved 2011-02-13.
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