Made in Heaven

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This article is about 1995 album. For other uses, see Made in Heaven (disambiguation).
Made in Heaven
Studio album by Queen
Released 6 November 1995
Recorded 1980, 1983, 1984, 1987, 1988, January – June 1991, 18 October 1993 – early 1995 at Mountain, Allerton Hill, Cosford Mill, and Metropolis Studios
Genre Rock
Length 70:21 (CD)
47:45 (LP, Cassette)
Language English
Label Parlophone (Europe)
Hollywood (North America)
Producer Queen
Queen chronology
Innuendo
(1991)
Made in Heaven
(1995)
Queen Forever
(2014)
Singles from Made in Heaven
  1. "Heaven for Everyone"
    Released: 23 October 1995
  2. "A Winter's Tale"
    Released: 18 December 1995
  3. "I Was Born to Love You"
    Released: 28 February 1996 (Japan only)
  4. "Too Much Love Will Kill You"
    Released: 26 March 1996
  5. "Let Me Live"
    Released: 17 June 1996
  6. "You Don't Fool Me"
    Released: 18 November 1996

Made in Heaven is the fifteenth studio album by British rock band Queen, released on 6 November 1995 on Parlophone and Hollywood Records.

After Freddie Mercury's death, John Deacon, drummer Roger Taylor and guitarist Brian May worked with vocal and piano parts that Mercury recorded before his death, adding fresh instrumentation to the recordings.

Both stages of recording, before and after Mercury's death, were completed at the band's studio in Montreux, Switzerland. The album debuted at #1 in the UK where it went 4× platinum. According to The Guardian, it has sold 20 million copies worldwide.[1]

History[edit]

The statue of Freddie Mercury overlooking Lake Geneva in Montreux which featured on the cover of the album.

The album was recorded in a much different way from Queen's other studio albums. In early 1991, months before his AIDS-related death, Freddie Mercury recorded as many vocals as he could, with the instruction to the rest of the band: Roger Taylor, John Deacon and Brian May, to complete the songs later. Put to tape during this time were primarily "A Winter's Tale", "Mother Love" and what would eventually become "You Don't Fool Me".

On the video Champions of the World, May described these sessions with Mercury as such:

After Mercury's death, the band returned to the studio in 1993 to begin work finishing the tracks. May has described in interviews that Taylor and Deacon had begun some work in 1992, while May was on tour promoting his Back to the Light album. Upon his return in 1993, May felt they were not on the right path with the music and that they more or less started from scratch with the three of them working together with producer David Richards.

With less than an album's worth to work with, the band decided to revisit previously recorded material. The band did not discuss whether Mercury had any input before his death regarding which songs might be considered. The idea was to take existing songs on which Mercury sang and rework them as Queen songs.

In 2013, Brian May said about the album "[Made in Heaven] was possibly the best Queen album we ever made. It has so much beauty in it. It was a long, long process, painstakingly put together. A real labour of love."[2]

Track listing[edit]

CD[edit]

No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "It's a Beautiful Day"   Queen (Freddie Mercury) 2:32
2. "Made in Heaven"   Mercury 5:25
3. "Let Me Live"   Queen 4:45
4. "Mother Love"   Brian May, Mercury 4:49
5. "My Life Has Been Saved"   Queen (John Deacon) 3:15
6. "I Was Born to Love You"   Mercury 4:49
7. "Heaven for Everyone"   Roger Taylor 5:36
8. "Too Much Love Will Kill You"   May, Frank Musker, Elizabeth Lamers 4:20
9. "You Don't Fool Me"   Queen 5:24
10. "A Winter's Tale"   Queen (Mercury) 3:49
11. "It's a Beautiful Day (Reprise)"   Queen (Mercury) 3:01
12. "Yeah"   Queen 0:04
13. "[Untitled Hidden Track]"   Queen (David Richards, Taylor, May) 22:32

Vinyl[edit]

Side A
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "It's a Beautiful Day"   Queen (Freddie Mercury) 2:32
2. "Made in Heaven"   Mercury 5:25
3. "Let Me Live"   Queen 4:45
4. "Mother Love"   Brian May, Mercury 4:49
5. "My Life Has Been Saved"   Queen (John Deacon) 3:15
Side B
No. Title Writer(s) Length
6. "I Was Born to Love You"   Mercury 4:25
7. "Heaven for Everyone"   Roger Taylor 4:43
8. "Too Much Love Will Kill You"   May, Frank Musker, Elizabeth Lamers 4:20
9. "You Don't Fool Me"   Queen 4:46
10. "A Winter's Tale"   Queen (Mercury) 3:49
11. "It's a Beautiful Day (Reprise)"   Queen (Mercury) 3:01
12. "Yeah"   Queen (Mercury) 0:04

Song information[edit]

"It's a Beautiful Day"[edit]

Years before Freddie Mercury started recording solo material, he created a sound clip of himself experimenting on the piano at Musicland Studios in Munich in 1980 during the sessions of The Game. Later, for the use of this album, the song was extended to two minutes and 32 seconds. The more classical section, without Mercury's improvisation, was put together by John Deacon.

"Made in Heaven"[edit]

Main article: Made in Heaven (song)

Originally from Mercury's Mr. Bad Guy, this song, along with the other Mercury solo track "I Was Born to Love You", was given special treatment by Queen for this posthumous album. The band merely re-worked the music to a "Queen sound", and placed Mercury's previous vocals over the new music.

"Let Me Live"[edit]

Main article: Let Me Live

"Let Me Live" is a lively rock ballad which features a rare sharing of the vocals between Mercury, Roger Taylor and Brian May. The song was completed in 1995 after Mercury's death. This track was originally recorded with Rod Stewart during sessions for the 1984 album The Works.[3] Once finished in 1995 for Made in Heaven, Queen made one 11th-hour change to the song to avoid legal action. Part of the backing vocals featured a lyric too closely resembling Erma Franklin's "Piece of My Heart". It is not known if Queen took it upon themselves to make the change preemptively or if their record company told them to do so. Ultimately, the potentially problematic bit was mixed out and the track was released. Promo cassettes from the US feature the unaltered backing track. Early Mexican and Dutch CD pressings are reported to have this alternate version as well.

"Mother Love"[edit]

"Mother Love" was the final song co-written by Mercury and May, and was also Mercury's last ever vocal performance.[4] Mercury's vocals for Mother Love were recorded between 13–16 May 1991.[5] On his website, May discussed the writing process he and Mercury had (writing both separately and together, and conscious of the nature of the song and the lyrics). Upon reaching the final verse, Freddie told May that he had to go and "have a rest", but that he would return later and finish it. After that, Freddie never made it back to the studio, and thus May sang the last verse on the track.

The song features a sample from a live sing along session recorded at Queen's famous 1986 concert at Wembley Stadium, and a sample from the intro of the studio version of "One Vision". It also features a sample from a cover of "Goin' Back", a song written by Carole King and Gerry Goffin, for which Mercury had provided lead vocals in 1972. The cover was released as a b-side to "I Can Hear Music", a Ronettes cover, by Larry Lurex, not long before the release of Queen's debut album. The sound bursts between the sing along and the "Goin' Back" sample are apparently a few seconds of every Queen track ever recorded, put together, and then rapidly sped through a tape machine. At the very end of the song, a baby is heard crying.

"My Life Has Been Saved"[edit]

"My Life Has Been Saved" was started as an acoustic track composed mainly by Deacon in 1987–88. Producer David Richards helped him out doing the demo and the keyboards, then Mercury sang on it, and later on the entire band recorded it. The Made in Heaven version is different from that of 1989 (which originally featured as the b-side to the single "Scandal"), although it uses the same vocals from Mercury. Deacon plays guitar and keyboards as well as his usual instrument, bass guitar.

"I Was Born to Love You"[edit]

"I Was Born to Love You" was originally recorded (piano, vocals, synths) by Mercury on 25 May 1984, for his Mr. Bad Guy album, as a late addition (when told by the record company that the album needed "a single"). May, Taylor and Deacon remixed it and added their instruments, turning the song into fast-paced rock, mainly featuring hard rock guitar from May. That track became popular in Japan during 2004 when it was used for the theme song of a television drama named "Pride" (プライド). This version also contains samples of Mercury's ad-lib vocals from "A Kind of Magic", from the 1986 album of the same name, and from "Living on My Own", from his Mr. Bad Guy album. The music video for this version of the song, also made in 2004, is composed mainly of clips from the Mercury solo video and from Queen: Live at Wembley.[6] There is also a version performed by May (singing intro vocals and playing a 12-string guitar) and Taylor (singing lead vocals).

"Heaven for Everyone"[edit]

Main article: Heaven for Everyone

"Heaven for Everyone" was a track Taylor wrote and tried out with Queen in 1987,[7] although according to some sources it was written with Joan Armatrading in mind to sing it. Whether she turned it down or Taylor withdrew his song is unclear, but it was recorded for his other band The Cross. One night Mercury came to visit The Cross at the studio and after some drinks he gave them ideas of how to sing the song and ended up recording the lead vocals for it. Mercury appeared on the UK version of their album "Shove It" as guest lead vocalist on the song, with Taylor doing backing vocals. The roles were reversed on the single and the American "Shove It" version. Mercury's vocals were then used for the Made in Heaven release, with a couple of different lines and May singing backing vocals instead of Taylor, with Richards adding several arrangement ideas. Released as a single in 1995, the song's music video commemorates Mercury, and also contains footage of Georges Méliès seminal 1902 silent film A Trip to the Moon.[8]

"Too Much Love Will Kill You"[edit]

"Too Much Love Will Kill You" was composed by May, Frank Musker and Elizabeth Lamers sometime between the Magic and Miracle sessions.[9] They wrote it in the US and Mercury sang on it. However, there were some problems with the companies representing publishing rights for Musker and Lamers so they could not release the song properly on The Miracle. At the Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert May played the song on piano and sang it for the first time in public, and then released it as part of his solo album Back to the Light. The Queen version is a new arrangement. The guitar solo used differs from the one on May's album, however May played variations of the Made in Heaven solo in live renditions as early as 1992. The song was awarded Best Song Musically and Lyrically at the 1997 Novello Awards.[9]

This song was also performed by Queen and Luciano Pavarotti in 2003, with Pavarotti singing the latter parts of the verses in Italian.[10]

"You Don't Fool Me"[edit]

Main article: You Don't Fool Me

"You Don't Fool Me" was one of the last tracks recorded for Made in Heaven and came about in a most unusual way. May has explained on his website that Richards more or less created the framework of the song single handedly, building from bits of lyrics recorded just before Mercury's death. May has said that before Richards' work, there was no song to speak of. However, after Richards edited and mixed the song (including a bit of harmonies recorded for "A Winter's Tale") he presented it to the band. May, Taylor and Deacon then added their instruments and backing vocals and were surprised to end up with a finished song that had begun as nothing. The style of the song is reminiscent of their 1982 album Hot Space, and a comment over that featured on their Greatest Hits III album. The theme of the song could also be a continuation of the story told by prior Queen songs "Play the Game" and "It's a Hard Life".

"A Winter's Tale"[edit]

"A Winter's Tale" is a ballad written and composed by Mercury at his apartment in Montreux, Switzerland. It is the last song Mercury solely composed entirely (the music for "Mother Love" is by May). It is the only song in Queen's history to have been recorded and released with Mercury conducting the vocals prior to music being completed.

It has since been branded as one of few Christmas songs from the band. Whether this was the intention is unknown.

"It's a Beautiful Day (Reprise)"[edit]

A heavier rock version of "It's a Beautiful Day", that is the same in the beginning but later turns into rock. It contains "Yeah" and samples from "Seven Seas of Rhye".

"Yeah"[edit]

"Yeah" is the shortest song on the album and in Queen's song catalogue, lasting only four seconds. It consists of Mercury only saying the word "yeah", which is taken from the song Don't Try Suicide from Queen's The Game album.

Track 13[edit]

Track 13 was an experiment by Richards with an Ensoniq ASR-10 sampler. He took the opening chords of "It's a Beautiful Day" and made them loop, and then added Mercury's voice through strange echoes. May and Taylor also added some ideas to the track. This track is only available on the CD edition of the album and the aforementioned promo cassettes.

Standard cassettes of the album end with the shortened "It's a Beautiful Day (Reprise)", fading out after Track 12 ("Yeah"), where this untitled track would continue on. Track 13 can be purchased also as part of the full album or as a separate piece from Queen's official online store.

The LP (vinyl) edition of the album has only the first few seconds, which run into the run-off of the groove on the record, which actually means that if a listener has a record player which does not have an automatic stop activated at this point, it will play indefinitely, consisting only of the few seconds looped over constantly.

Track 13 created a good deal of surprise and confusion among fans, given its ambient musical nature and its sheer length, neither of which have much precedent in Queen's catalogue (the longest of Queen's prior songs, "The Prophet's Song" from A Night at the Opera, running a mere 8:20). The album's last listed track (all formats) is track 11: "It's a Beautiful Day (Reprise)". After, Freddie Mercury is heard loudly saying "Yeah", which at four seconds long comprises the entire Track 12. Fans took to calling this track by that monosyllabic name. The ambient music underneath this track continues into Track 13, which ebbs and flows for another 22:32, and ends with Mercury calling out "Fab!"

Two schools of thought emerged amongst fans: one was that these were to be considered not only separate tracks, but separate "songs"; the second was that tracks 11, 12 and 13 were all one song ("It's a Beautiful Day [Reprise]") and that the splitting of it was a deliberate tongue-in-cheek gesture by the band. Initially, the band were content to maintain the air of mystery around Track 13. Over time, May has discussed it and shed a bit more light on it, such as the aforementioned creation by David Richards and the subsequent involvement by himself and Taylor.

Critical reception[edit]

Made in Heaven received generally positive reviews from music critics. Critics praised its upbeat nature and quality of music after the death of Freddie Mercury in 1991.

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 2/5 stars[11]
The Times (favourable)[12]
Q Magazine (favourable)[13]
Jerusalem Post (favourable)[14]
The Guardian (favourable)[15]
The Sunday Times (favourable)[16]
Entertainment Weekly (B+)[17]

Q magazine wrote: "Ten new tracks (and one reprise). No filler. No shame. An essential purchase for Queen fans, certainly, but even without its special significance, Made In Heaven is probably a better album than Innuendo and a fitting swan song by one of the most incandescent groups in rock. Made in Heaven is also the last musical will and testament of a star who was never going to be turned into a saint, but whose grandstanding performances were, right to the very end, always marked by reckless enthusiasm and a rare generosity of spirit."

The Sunday Times described the album as "essential listening".

Entertainment Weekly wrote: "It's the perfect theatrical epitaph for a life dedicated to gorgeous artifice."

The Guardian stated: "When a band have the controls permanently set at full-tilt, as Queen did, burn-out is inevitable, for the listener, if not for the band. When we eventually reach the drum-crashing finale, "It's a Beautiful Day", which kicks in with Mercury's umpteenth randy-rottweiler howl, it feels as if far more than 70 minutes has passed. That's where the aforesaid lyrics save the day. Predominantly written by Mercury, they are effectively farewell notes. He poured out his heart, and his words have a throat-aching poignance. Even the record's opening verse assumes a painful significance."

Jerusalem Post wrote: "Somehow Mercury and Queen's ability to make a joyful noise in the face of pain and death makes this a very comforting album to have around in shaky times."

The Times stated: "Nor are there any obviously half-baked, or patched-up numbers. Most, however, are as good as anything that Queen came up with in their later years. How good that is, as always with Queen, is largely a matter of taste. "Mother Love", the last recording that Mercury made, is a song of truly heartfelt pathos. Despite its overdue delivery, Made in Heaven stands up remarkably well as the closing chapter in a spectacular pop odyssey."

Allmusic wrote: "Made in Heaven harked back to Queen's 1970s heyday with its strong melodies and hard rock guitar playing, topped by Mercury's bravura singing and some of the massed choir effects familiar from "Bohemian Rhapsody". Even if one did not know that these songs were sung in the shadow of death, that subject would be obvious. The lyrics were imbued with life-and-death issues, from the titles. The odd thing about this was that Mercury's over-the-top singing had always contained a hint of camp humour, and it continued to here, even when the sentiments clearly were as heartfelt as they were theatrically overstated. Maybe Mercury was determined to go out the same way he had come in, as a diva. If so, he succeeded."

Personnel[edit]

Additional personnel

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Austria (IFPI Austria)[44] 2× Platinum 100,000x
Canada (Music Canada)[45] Platinum 100,000^
Finland (Musiikkituottajat)[46] Platinum 50,668[46]
France (SNEP)[47] 2× Platinum 686,300[48]
Germany (BVMI)[49] 5× Gold 1,250,000^
Japan (RIAJ)[50] Platinum 336,782[51]
Netherlands (NVPI)[52] 2× Platinum 200,000^
Norway (IFPI Norway)[53] Platinum 50,000*
Poland (ZPAV)[54]
2008 Agora SA album reissue
Platinum 20,000*
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[55] 2× Platinum 200,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[56] 3× Platinum 150,000x
United Kingdom (BPI)[57] 4× Platinum 1,200,000^
United States (RIAA)[58] Gold 500,000^
Summaries
Europe (IFPI)[59] 5× Platinum 5,000,000*

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michaels, Sean (20 March 2008) We will rock you – again The Guardian Retrieved 16 January 2011
  2. ^ Mojo, January 2014, pg. 16
  3. ^ "Made In Heaven". Ultimatequeen.co.uk. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  4. ^ Queen Online – History – Discography: Made in Heaven Retrieved 22 January 2011
  5. ^ http://brianmay.com/queen/queennews/queennewsdec13a.html#05
  6. ^ I Was Born To Love You (2004 video) on Youtube.
  7. ^ Purvis, Georg (2007) Queen: Complete Works p.375. Reynolds & Hearn, 2007
  8. ^ Queen Promo Videos: Heaven For Everyone Ultimate Queen. Retrieved 14 November 2011
  9. ^ a b Billboard 21 Jun 1997 Billboard Retrieved 16 January 2011
  10. ^ Pavarotti and Friends 2003; Press and News Retrieved 22 January 2011
  11. ^ Ruhlmann, William (1995-11-07). "Made in Heaven - Queen". AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  12. ^ "Queen Interviews - Queen - 11-04-1995 - Made in Heaven - The Times - Queen Archives: Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon, Interviews, Articles, Reviews". Queen Archives. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  13. ^ "Queen Interviews - Queen - XX-XX-1995 - Made in Heaven - Q Magazine - Queen Archives: Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon, Interviews, Articles, Reviews". Queen Archives. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  14. ^ "Queen Interviews - Queen - 11-07-1995 - Made in Heaven - Jerusalem Post - Queen Archives: Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon, Interviews, Articles, Reviews". Queen Archives. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  15. ^ "Queen Interviews - Queen - 11-10-1995 - Made in Heaven - The Guardian - Queen Archives: Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon, Interviews, Articles, Reviews". Queen Archives. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  16. ^ "Queen Interviews - Queen - 11-26-1995 - Made in Heaven - The Sunday Times - Queen Archives: Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon, Interviews, Articles, Reviews". Queen Archives. 1995-11-26. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  17. ^ "Queen Interviews - Queen - 11-10-1995 - Made in Heaven - Entertainment Weekly - Queen Archives: Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon, Interviews, Articles, Reviews". Queen Archives. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  18. ^ Steffen Hung. "Queen - Made In Heaven". australian-charts.com. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  19. ^ Steffen Hung. "Queen - Made In Heaven". austriancharts.at. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  20. ^ "Queen - Made In Heaven". ultratop.be. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  21. ^ "Queen - Made In Heaven". ultratop.be. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  22. ^ "Results - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  23. ^ Steffen Hung. "Queen - Made In Heaven". dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  24. ^ Steffen Hung. "Queen - Made In Heaven". finnishcharts.com. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  25. ^ "InfoDisc : Tous les Albums classés par Artiste > Choisir Un Artiste Dans la Liste" (in French). infodisc.fr. Retrieved 7 November 2011. 
  26. ^ "charts.de". charts.de. 2010-03-26. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  27. ^ a b "Hit Parade Italia – Gli album più venduti del 1995" (in Italian). hitparadeitalia.it. Retrieved 3 October 2011. 
  28. ^ クイーン-リリース-ORICON STYLE-ミュージック "Highest position and charting weeks of Innuendo by Queen". Oricon Style (in Japanese). Retrieved 31 August 2011. 
  29. ^ Steffen Hung. "Queen - Made In Heaven". charts.org.nz. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  30. ^ Steffen Hung. "Queen - Made In Heaven". norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  31. ^ Steffen Hung. "Queen - Made In Heaven". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  32. ^ Steffen Hung. "Queen - Made In Heaven". hitparade.ch. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  33. ^ "Queen - Made in heaven". Chart Stats. Archived from the original on 2012-06-29. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  34. ^ "Queen Album & Song Chart History". Billboard.com. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  35. ^ ARIA Charts "End Of Year Charts – Top 50 Albums 1995". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 29 August 2011. 
  36. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Jahreshitparade 1995". Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 August 2010. 
  37. ^ "Classement Albums – année 1995" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  38. ^ "Chart Archive – 1990s Albums". Retrieved 24 September 2011. 
  39. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Jahreshitparade 1996". Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 August 2010. 
  40. ^ "Classement Albums – année 1996" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  41. ^ 1996年 アルバム年間TOP100 "Oricon Year-end Albums Chart of 1995" (in Japanese). Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  42. ^ "Hitparade.ch – Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1996". Hung Medien. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  43. ^ "UNITED KINGDOM (CIN) BEST ALBUMS OF 1996". Retrieved 24 September 2011. 
  44. ^ "Austrian album certifications – Queen – Made in Heaven" (in German). IFPI Austria.  Enter Queen in the field Interpret. Enter Made in Heaven in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen
  45. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Queen – Made in Heaven". Music Canada. 
  46. ^ a b The first web page presents the sales figures, the second presents the certification limits:
  47. ^ "French album certifications – Queen – Made in Heaven" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. 
  48. ^ "Les Albums Double Platine". infodisc.fr (in French). SNEP. Retrieved 31 August 2011. 
  49. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Queen; 'Made in Heaven')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. 
  50. ^ "RIAJ > The Record > March 1996 > Certified Awards (January 1996)". Recording Industry Association of Japan (in Japanese). Retrieved 2013-08-02. 
  51. ^ Oricon Album Chart Book: Complete Edition 1970–2005. Roppongi, Tokyo: Oricon Entertainment. 2006. ISBN 4871310779. 
  52. ^ "Dutch album certifications – Queen – Made in Heaven" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. 
  53. ^ "Norwegian album certifications – Queen – Made in Heaven" (in Norwegian). IFPI Norway. 
  54. ^ "Polish album certifications – Queen – Made in Heaven" (in Polish). Polish Producers of Audio and Video (ZPAV). 
  55. ^ "Solo Exitos 1959-2002 Ano A Ano: Certificados > 1995-1999". Iberautor Promociones Culturales. ISBN 8480486392. 
  56. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Queen; 'Made in Heaven')". Hung Medien. 
  57. ^ "British album certifications – Queen – Made in Heaven". British Phonographic Industry.  Enter Made in Heaven in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
  58. ^ "American album certifications – Queen – Made in Heaven". Recording Industry Association of America.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  59. ^ "IFPI Platinum Europe Awards – 1997". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. 

External links[edit]