Marie of Anjou

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Marie of Anjou
MarieAnjou.jpg
Queen consort of France
Tenure 1422–1461
Spouse Charles VII of France
House House of Valois-Anjou
Father Louis II of Anjou
Mother Yolande of Aragon
Born (1404-10-14)14 October 1404
Angers
Died 29 November 1463 (aged 59)
Abbaye de Chateliers-en-Poitou
Religion Roman Catholicism

Marie of Anjou (14 October 1404 – 29 November 1463)[1] was Queen of France as the wife of King Charles VII from 1422 to 1461. Marie was the eldest daughter of Louis II of Anjou, titular King of Naples, titular King of Sicily, and Yolande of Aragon, titular Queen of Aragon.

Marriage[edit]

She married Charles, her second cousin, in April 1422 at Bourges and subsequently became Queen of France. Her husband's victory in the Hundred Years War owed a great deal to the support he received from Marie's family, notably from her mother Yolande of Aragon. Although Marie and Charles had fourteen children, her husband's affection was primarily directed towards his mistress, Agnès Sorel.

In the drawing seen at right, her court chaplain, Robert Blondel, presents her with the allegorical Treatise of the "Twelve Perils of Hell," which he composed for her in 1455. Facsimile of a miniature from this work. Bibl. de l'Arsenal, Paris.

Marie of Anjou died on 29 November 1463 at the Cistercian Abbaye de Chateliers-en-Poitou (Poitou-Charentes region), returning from a pilgrimage to St Jacques de Compostela. She was 59 years old. She died two years after her husband Charles VII. She is buried in the basilica of Saint-Denis alongside her husband.

Issue[edit]

Marie was the mother of fourteen children with her husband Charles:

Name Birth Death Notes
Louis 3 July 1423 30 August 1483 King of France. Married firstly, Margaret of Scotland, no issue. Married secondly, Charlotte of Savoy, had issue.
John 19 September 1426 Lived for a few hours.
Radegonde after 29 August 1428 19 March 1444 Betrothed to Sigismund, Archduke of Austria on 22 July 1430.
Catherine after 29 August 1428 13 July 1446 Married Charles the Bold, no issue.
James 1432 2 March 1437 Died aged five.
Yolande 23 September 1434 23/29 August 1478 Married Amadeus IX, Duke of Savoy, had issue.
Joan 4 May 1435 4 May 1482 Married John II, Duke of Bourbon, no issue.
Philip 4 February 1436 11 June 1436 Died in infancy.
Margaret May 1437 24 July 1438 Died aged one.
Joanna 7 September 1438 26 December 1446 Twin of Marie, died aged eight.
Marie 7 September 1438 14 February 1439 Twin of Joanna, died in infancy.
Marie 1441
Died young.
Magdalena 1 December 1443 21 January 1495 Married Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana, had issue.
Charles 12 December 1446 24 May 1472 Died without legitimate issue.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, France
French royalty
Preceded by
Isabeau of Bavaria
Queen consort of France
1422 – 22 July 1461
Succeeded by
Charlotte of Savoy