List of mayors of Toronto

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Mayor of
Toronto
John Tory.jpg
Incumbent
John Tory

since December 1, 2014
Style His/Her Worship
Member of City Council
Reports to City Council
Seat Toronto City Hall
(Toronto, Ontario, Canada)
Appointer Direct election by residents of Toronto
Term length 4 years
Inaugural holder William Lyon Mackenzie
Formation March 6, 1834
Salary $172,803 annual
(including $102,608 City Councillor's salary)
Website www.toronto.ca/mayor

This is a list of mayors of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Toronto's first mayor, William Lyon Mackenzie was appointed in 1834 after his Reform coalition won the new City of Toronto's first election, and Mackenzie was chosen by the Reformers. Toronto's 65th and current mayor, John Tory, took office December 1, 2014.

History[edit]

From 1834 to 1857, and again from 1867 to 1873, Toronto mayors were not elected directly by the public. Instead, after each annual election of aldermen and councilmen, the assembled council would elect one of their members as mayor. For all other years, mayors were directly elected by popular vote, except in rare cases where a mayor was appointed by council to fill an unexpired term of office. Prior to 1834, Toronto municipal leadership was governed by the Chairman of the General Quarter Session of Peace of the Home District Council.

Through 1955 the term of office for the mayor and council was one year; it then varied between two and three years until a four-year term was adopted starting in 2006. (See List of Toronto municipal elections.)

The "City of Toronto" has changed substantially over the years: the city annexed or amalgamated with neighbouring communities or areas 49 times from in 1883 to 1967.[1] The most sweeping change was in 1998, when the six municipalities comprising Metropolitan TorontoEast York, Etobicoke, North York, Scarborough, York, and the former city of Toronto–and its regional government were amalgamated into a single City of Toronto (colloquially dubbed the "megacity") by an act of the provincial government. The newly created position of mayor for the resulting single-tier mega-city replaced all of the mayors of the former Metro municipalities. It also abolished the office of the Metro Chairman, which had formerly been the most senior political figure in the Metro government before amalgamation.

According to Victor Loring Russell, author of Mayors of Toronto Volume I, 14 out of the first 29 mayors were lawyers. According to Mark Maloney who is writing The History of the Mayors of Toronto, 58 of Toronto's 64 mayors (up to Ford) have been Protestant, white, English-speaking, Anglo-Saxon, property-owning males.[2] There have been two women (Hall and Rowlands) and three Jewish mayors (Phillips, Givens[3] and Lastman).

Art Eggleton is the longest-serving mayor of Toronto, serving from 1980 until 1991. Eggleton later served in federal politics from 1993 until 2004, and was appointed to the Senate of Canada in 2005. David Breakenridge Read held the post of mayor of Toronto for the shortest period. Read was mayor for only fifty days in 1858.

No Toronto mayor has been removed from office. Toronto's 64th mayor, Rob Ford, lost a conflict of interest trial in 2012, and was ordered to vacate his position; but the ruling was stayed pending an appeal, which Ford won to remain in office.[4][5] Due to his substance abuse admission and controversy in 2013, Council stripped him of many powers on November 15, transferring them to the Deputy Mayor.[6] From May until July, 2014, Ford took a leave of absence from the mayoralty to enter drug rehabilitation.

Original City of Toronto era[edit]

Appointed by City Council
No. Mayor Took office Left office Prior political experience
1 WilliamLyonMackenzie.jpeg William Lyon Mackenzie 1834 (March 27) 1835 Member of the Upper Canada Legislative Assembly for York
(1829—1834, expelled several times)
Alderman for St. David's Ward (1834)
2 Robert Baldwin Sullivan.png Robert Baldwin Sullivan 1835 (January 15) 1836 Alderman for St. David's Ward (1835)
3 Thomas David Morrison.png Thomas David Morrison 1836 1837 Member of the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada for 3rd York (1835–1840)
Alderman for St Andrew’s Ward (1834—1836)
4 Kane George Gurnett.jpg George Gurnett 1837 1838 Alderman for St. George’s Ward (1834—1850)
5 John Powell.png John Powell 1838 1841 Alderman for St. Andrew's Ward (1837—1841)
6 George Monro.png George Monro 1841 1842 Alderman for St. Lawrence Ward (1834—1835, 1837—1845)
7 Henry Sherwood.png Henry Sherwood 1842 1845 Member of the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada for Brockville (1836—1840)
Alderman for St. David's Ward (1842—1849)
Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada for Toronto (1843—1851)
8 William Henry Boulton.png William H. Boulton 1845 1848 Alderman for St. Patrick's Ward (1838—1843, 1844—1852)
Mayor (1845—1847)
Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada for Toronto (1844—1853)
- Kane George Gurnett.jpg George Gurnett
(2nd incumbency)
1848 1851 Alderman for St. George’s Ward (1834—1850)
9 John George Bowes.png John George Bowes 1851 1854 Alderman for St. James's Ward (1850—1853)
10 Joshua George Beard.png Joshua George Beard 1854 1855 Alderman for St. Lawrence Ward (1834—1854)
Toronto School Board of Trustees (1850—1864)
11 George William Allan.jpg George William Allan 1855 1856 Alderman for St. David Ward (1849—1855)
12 John Beverley Robinson.png John Beverley Robinson 1856 1857 Alderman for St. Patrick's Ward (1851, 1853–54, 1856–57)
13 John Hutchison.png John Hutchison 1857 1858 (resigned) Alderman for St. James Ward (1852—1853, 1856—1857)
- William Henry Boulton.png William H. Boulton
(2nd incumbency)
1858 1858 (resigned November 8) Alderman for St. Patrick's Ward (1838—1843, 1844—1852)
Mayor (1845—1847)
Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada for Toronto (1844—1853)
Alderman for St. Andrew's Ward (1858)
14 David Breakenridge Read.png David Breakenridge Read 1858 (November 11) 1858 (December 31) Alderman for St. Patrick's Ward (1858)
Elected directly by the public
No. Mayor Took office Left office Prior political experience
15 Adam Wilson.png (Sir) Adam Wilson 1859 1861 Alderman for St. Patrick's Ward (1855)
- John George Bowes.png John George Bowes
(2nd incumbency)
1861 1864 Alderman for St. James's Ward (1850)

Alderman for St. James's Ward and Mayor (1851—1853)
Alderman for St. David's Ward (1856)

16 Francis H. Medcalf, Mayor of Toronto, 1864-1866 and 1874-1875.jpg Francis Henry Medcalf 1864 1867 Alderman for St. Lawrence Ward (1860)
Alderman for St. David's Ward (1863)
Appointed by City Council
No. Mayor Took office Left office Prior political experience
17 James Edward Smith.png James Edward Smith 1867 1869 Alderman for St. John's Ward (1857—1867)
18 Samuel Bickerton Harman.png Samuel Bickerton Harman 1869 1871 Alderman for St Andrew’s Ward (1866–1868, 1871–1872)
19 Joseph Sheard.png Joseph Sheard 1871 1873 Alderman for St. Patrick's Ward (1851—1871)
20 Alexander Manning.jpg Alexander Manning 1873 1874 Alderman for St. Lawrence Ward (1856—1858, 1867—1873)
Elected directly by the public
No. Mayor Took office Left office Prior political experience
- Francis H. Medcalf, Mayor of Toronto, 1864-1866 and 1874-1875.jpg Francis Henry Medcalf
(2nd incumbency)
1874 1875 Alderman for St. Lawrence Ward (1860)
Alderman for St. David's Ward (1863, 1867—1868)
Mayor (1864—1867)
21 AngusMorrison23.jpg Angus Morrison 1876 1878 Alderman for St. James (1853—1854)
Member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada for North Simcoe (1854—1863) and Niagara (1864—1867)
Member of Parliament (1867—1874)
22 James Beaty.jpg James Beaty 1879 1880 Alderman for St. James's Ward (1877)
23 William Barclay McMurrich.png William Barclay McMurrich 1881 1882 Alderman for St. Patrick's Ward (1879—1880)
24 Arthur Radcliffe Boswell.png Arthur Radcliffe Boswell 1883 1884 Alderman for St. George's Ward (1877—1879, 1882)
- Alexander Manning.jpg Alexander Manning
(2nd incumbency)
1885 1885 Alderman for St. Lawrence Ward (1856—1858, 1867—1873)
Mayor (1873)
25 William Holmes Howland.png William Holmes Howland 1886 1887 President of the Toronto Board of Trade (1874–75)
President of the Dominion Board of Trade (1874)
President of the Manufacturers’ Association of Ontario (1877–78)
26 Edward Frederick Clarke.png Edward Frederick Clarke 1888 1891 Member of the Legislative Assembly for Toronto (1886—1894)
27 R. J. Fleming 1906.jpg Robert John Fleming 1892 1893 Alderman for St. David's Ward (1886—1890)
28 Warring Kennedy.png Warring Kennedy 1894 1895 Alderman for St. John’s Ward (1871)
- R. J. Fleming 1906.jpg Robert John Fleming
(2nd incumbency)
1896 1897 (resigned August 5) Alderman for St. David's Ward (1886—1890)
Mayor (1892)
29 John Shaw.png John Shaw 1897 (August 6) 1899 Alderman for St. Paul's Ward (1883—1895, 1897)
30 Ernest Albert Macdonald.png Ernest A. Macdonald 1900 1900 Alderman for St. Matthew's Ward (1886—1887, 1889—1890, 1896)
31 Oliver Aiken Howland.jpg Oliver Aiken Howland 1901 1902 Member of the Legislative Assembly for Toronto South (1894—1898)
32 Thomas Urquhart.png Thomas Urquhart 1903 1905 Alderman for Ward 4 (1900—1902)
33 Emerson Coatsworth.png Emerson Coatsworth 1906 1907 Member of Parliament for Toronto East (1891—1896)
Alderman (1904—1905)
34 Joseph Oliver.png Joseph Oliver 1908 1909 Toronto School Board Trustee (1885)
Alderman (1895,1901—1903 (also Board of Control) and 1906)
35 George Reginald Geary.png George Reginald Geary 1910 1912 (resigned October 21) Toronto School Board Trustee (1904)
Alderman (1905—1908)
Toronto Board of Control (1909)
36 Horatio Clarence Hocken.png Horatio C. Hocken 1912 1914 Toronto Board of Control (1907—1909, 1911—1912)
37 Mayor Thomas Langston Church.jpg Thomas Langton Church 1915 1921 Toronto School Board Trustee (1899–1904)
Alderman for Ward 2 (1905—1909)
Toronto Board of Control (1910—1914)
38 C. Alfred Maguire.png Charles A. Maguire 1922 1923 Alderman for Ward 3 (1909—1912, 1914—1917)
Toronto Board of Control (1918—1921)
39 Bill Hiltz Toronto.jpg W. W. Hiltz 1924 1924 Toronto School Board Trustee (1911–1913)

Alderman for Ward 1 (1914–1920)
Toronto Board of Control (1921—1923)

40 Thomas Foster.PNG Thomas Foster 1925 1927 Alderman for St. David Ward (1891—1892, 1894)
Alderman for Ward 2 (1900—1909)
Toronto Board of Control (1910, 1912—1913, 1915—1917, 1922—1924)
41 Sam McBride.jpg Sam McBride 1928 1929 Alderman for Ward 3 (1905—1916)
Toronto Board of Control (1917—1918, 1926, 1932—1935)
Alderman for Ward 4 (1924—1925)
Toronto Board of Control (1917—1918, 1926)
42 Bert Wemp.jpg Bert Sterling Wemp 1930 1930 Toronto School Board Trustee (1921—1922)
Alderman for Ward 2 (1924—1925)
Toronto Board of Control (1927—1929)
43 No image.svg William James Stewart 1931 1934 Alderman for Ward 5 (1924—1930)
44 Mayor James Simpson 1935.jpg James Simpson 1935 1935 Toronto School Board Trustee (1905—1910)
Toronto Board of Control (1914, 1930—1934)
- Sam McBride.jpg Sam McBride
(2nd incumbency)
1936 1936 (died November 10) Alderman for Ward 3 (1905—1916)
Toronto Board of Control (1917—1918, 1926, 1932—1935)
Alderman for Ward 4 (1924—1925)
Mayor (1928—1929)
45 William D. Robbins.jpg William D. Robbins 1936 (November 18) 1937 Alderman for Ward 1 (1913—1917, 1923)
Toronto Board of Control (1918—1919, 1925, 1928, 1930—1936)
46 Ralph Day.jpg Ralph C. Day 1938 1940 Alderman for Ward 1 (1931—1934)
Toronto Board of Control (1935—1937)
47 No image.svg Frederick J. Conboy 1941 1944 Alderman for Ward 6 (1935—1936)
Toronto Board of Control (1937—1940)
48 Robert Hood Saunders.jpg Robert Hood Saunders 1945 1948 (resigned February 23) Alderman for Ward 4 (1935—1936, 1940)
Toronto Board of Control (1941—1944)
49 Hiram E. McCallum.jpg Hiram E. McCallum 1948 1951 Alderman for Ward 8 (1941—1943)
Toronto Board of Control (1945—1948)

The Metro Toronto era (1953–97)[edit]

Beginning in 1953, Toronto was part of a federated municipality known as Metropolitan Toronto. This regional entity had the same boundaries as present-day Toronto, but consisted of the City of Toronto and 12 other municipalities, each with its own mayor and council. From 1953 to 1997, the most senior political figure in the Metropolitan Toronto government was the Chairman of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto (for a list of Metro Chairmen, see Chairman of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto). In 1967, (during the incumbency of William Dennison), an internal amalgamation eliminated the seven smallest municipalities in Metropolitan Toronto. Of these, the villages of Forest Hill and Swansea were amalgamated into the City of Toronto.

No. Mayor Took office Left office Prior political experience Deputy Mayor
50 No image.svg Lamport, AllanAllan Lamport January 1, 1952 June 28, 1954 Alderman for Ward 2 (1937)
MPP for St. David (1937–1943)
Ward 3 (1946-1948)
Toronto Board of Control (1950–1952)
N/A
51 No image.svg Saunders, Leslie HowardLeslie Howard Saunders June 28, 1954 December 31, 1954 Alderman in North Bay (1918–1924)
Toronto School Trustee (1936–1938)
Alderman for Ward 1 (Riverdale) (1942–1945)
Toronto Board of Control (1949–1954)
Nathan Phillips
52 Mayor Nathan Phillips wearing chain of office.jpg Phillips, NathanNathan Phillips January 1, 1955 December 31, 1962 Alderman for Ward 4 (St. Andrew) (1926–1955) N/A
53 No image.svg Dean Summerville, DonaldDonald Dean Summerville January 1, 1963 November 19, 1963 (died in office) [7] Alderman for Ward 8 (The Beaches) (1955–1958)
Toronto Board of Control (1958–1961)
Philip Givens
54 No image.svg Givens, PhilipPhilip Givens November 19, 1963 (acting mayor, appointed permanently on November 25)[8][3] December 31, 1966 Alderman for Ward 5 (Trinity–Bellwoods) (1951—1960)
Toronto Board of Control (1960—1963)
President of City Council (1963)
Allan Lamport [3]
55 No image.svg Dennison, WilliamWilliam Dennison January 1, 1967 December 31, 1972 Toronto School Trustee (1938–1941)
Alderman for Ward 2 (Rosedale and Cabbagetown)(1941–1943)
MPP for St. David (1943—1945, 1948—1951)
Toronto Board of Control (1958–1963)
N/A
56 Crombie1983.jpg Crombie, DavidDavid Crombie January 1, 1973 August 31, 1978 Alderman for Ward 11 (North Toronto) (1969–1972) Fred Beavis
57 No image.svg Beavis, FredFred Beavis September 1, 1978 November 30, 1978 Alderman for Ward 1 (Riverdale) (1956–1978) Anne Johnston
58 No image.svg Sewell, JohnJohn Sewell December 1, 1978 November 30, 1980 Alderman for Ward 7 (Regent Park and Riverdale) (1969–1978) Art Eggleton
59 Art Eggleton 1.JPG Eggleton, ArtArt Eggleton December 1, 1980 November 30, 1991 Alderman for Ward 4 (Trinity Bellwoods and Little Italy) (1969–1980) N/A
60 No image.svg Rowlands, JuneJune Rowlands December 1, 1991 November 30, 1994 Alderman/City Councillor for Ward 10 (North Toronto and Rosedale) (1976–1988)
Chairman of the Toronto Police Commission (1988–1991)
61 No image.svg Hall, BarbaraBarbara Hall December 1, 1994 December 31, 1997 City Councillor for Ward 7 (Regent Park and Riverdale) (1985–1994) N/A

Post-amalgamation era[edit]

As of 1998, Metropolitan Toronto and all its municipalities were amalgamated into a single City of Toronto. Under the City of Toronto Act, 2006,[9] the Mayor is the head of council[10] and the chief executive officer[11] of the City.

The Deputy Mayor is appointed by the Mayor from among the elected members of the City Council.[12] The Deputy Mayor acts in place of the Mayor whenever the incumbent is unable to be present to perform his normal functions and duties, assists the Mayor, and serves as vice-chair of the city council's executive committee.

On November 18, 2013, city council removed most powers from the office of Mayor for the term of the current Council, including chairing the executive committee. These powers were given to the office of the Deputy Mayor, held by Norm Kelly at the time of the motion.[6] The action occurred after Mayor Rob Ford admitted to drug abuse. On May 1, 2014, Ford started a leave of absence for drug rehabilitation. Kelly took over the remainder of the Mayoral duties and powers at that time.[13] When Rob Ford returned on July 1st, he once again returned to having the duties he had immediately prior to the leave.

No. Mayor Terms of office Took office Left office Prior political experience Deputy Mayor
62 No image.svg Lastman, MelMel Lastman 2 January 1, 1998 November 30, 2003 North York Board of Control (1970—1973)
Mayor of North York (1973—1997)
Metro Councillor (1970—1997)[14]
Case Ootes
63 David miller points at paper.jpg Miller, DavidDavid Miller 2 December 1, 2003 November 30, 2010 Metro Councillor for High Park (1994–1997),
City Councillor for Ward 19 (High Park) (1997-2000),
City Councillor for Ward 13 (High Park) (2000-2003)
Joe Pantalone
64 Rob Ford Mayoral Candidates Forum June 2010 (crop).jpg Ford, RobRob Ford 1 December 1, 2010 November 30, 2014 City Councillor for Ward 2 (Etobicoke North) (2000–2010, 2014-present)
Doug Holyday (2010-2013)

Norm Kelly (2013-2014)

65 John Tory.jpg Tory, JohnJohn Tory - December 1, 2014 Incumbent Leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario (2004-2009)
MPP for Dufferin—Peel—Wellington—Grey (2005—2007)
Denzil Minnan-Wong

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derek Hayes. Historical Atlas of Toronto. pp. 90–91. ISBN 978-1-55365-290-8. 
  2. ^ Mark Maloney (January 3, 2010). "Toronto's mayors: Scoundrels, rogues and socialist". Toronto Star. 
  3. ^ a b c Globe Staff (November 26, 1963). "Givens Mayor by Unanimous Vote". The Globe & Mail (Toronto). p. 1. 
  4. ^ "Toronto Mayor Rob Ford to appeal his ouster". CTV News. November 26, 2012. Retrieved 2013-02-16. 
  5. ^ Magder v. Ford 2013 ONSC 263, 113 OR (3d) 241 (25 January 2013), Superior Court of Justice (Ontario, Canada)
  6. ^ a b Mendleson, Rachel; Peter Edwards (November 18, 2013). "Rob Ford stripped of power as mayor by Toronto council". The Toronto Star. Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved 2013-11-18. 
  7. ^ Globe Staff (November 20, 1963). "Heart Attack at 48: Stricken Playing Hockey, Mayor Summerville Dead". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). p. 1. 
  8. ^ Star staff (November 20, 1963). "Givens becomes Toronto's acting mayor". The Toronto Daily Star. p. 1. 
  9. ^ as enacted by the Stronger City of Toronto for a Stronger Ontario Act, 2006, S.O. 2006, c. 11, Sch. A
  10. ^ City of Toronto Act, 2006, s. 133
  11. ^ City of Toronto Act, 2006, s. 134
  12. ^ CP24 News Staff (August 19, 2013). "Coun. Norm Kelly appointed as Toronto's new deputy mayor". CTV News (Toronto). Archived from the original on March 7, 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-07. 
  13. ^ "Ford scandal: Mayor takes leave after lewd audio, alleged drug video emerge". 680 News (Toronto, Ontario). May 1, 2014. 
  14. ^ Star Staff (December 5, 1972). "Mel Lastman sweeps North York". The Toronto Star. pp. 1, 11. All municipal elected officials that won in the 4 DEC 1972 election took office on 1 JAN 1973. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Russell, Victor (1982). Mayors of Toronto, Volume 1 1834–1899. Erin, Ontario: Boston Mills Press. ISBN 0-919822-77-0. 

External links[edit]