Mazagran (coffee beverage)

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For other uses, see Mazagran (disambiguation).

Mazagran (also called café mazagran, formerly spelled masagran)[1] is a cold, sweetened coffee beverage that originated in Algeria.[1] Portuguese versions may use espresso, lemon and rum, and Austrian versions are served with an ice cube and include rum. Sometimes a fast version is achieved by pouring a previously sweetened espresso in a cup with ice cubes and a slice of lemon. Mazagran has been described as "the original iced coffee".[2]

History and origin[edit]

It has been stated that the drink's name probably originated from a fortress named Mazagran in Algiers, Algeria[3] which in 1837 through the Treaty of Tafna was granted to France.[1] At the Mazagran fortress French colonial troops consumed the beverage, which was prepared with coffee syrup and cold water.[2] It has also been stated that the drink's name and invention may have originated from French Foreign Legion soldiers[4] who, during the time of the siege of Mazagran, Algeria during the 1840 war,[5] used water in their coffee in the absence of milk or brandy and drank the beverage cold to counter the heat.[4][6] Furthermore, French colonial troops near Mazagran were served a beverage prepared with coffee syrup and water.[1] When the soldiers returned to Paris, they suggested to cafés to serve the beverage and the notion of it being served in tall glasses.[1] Upon this introduction, the beverage was named café mazagran.[1] In France, coffee served in glasses is referred to as "mazagrin".[7]

Preparation and varieties[edit]

Mazagran is prepared with strong, hot coffee that is poured over ice, and it is typically served in a narrow, tall glass.[1][6][8] It has also been described as "coffee taken with water instead of milk", in which coffee is served in a tall glass along with a separate container of water to mix in with the coffee.[6]

The beverage has also been described as sweetened "Portuguese iced coffee" that is prepared with strong coffee or espresso served over ice with lemon.[9] Sometimes rum is added to Portuguese versions of the beverage, and it may be sweetened with sugar syrup.[9]

In Austria, mazagran coffee is served with an ice cube and prepared with rum. The beverage is typically downed "in one gulp".[10]

In Catalonia, is made with ice coffee and lemon.[10]

In the mid 1990s, Starbucks and PepsiCo developed a line of flavored carbonated mazagran beverages named "Mazagran" that were prepared with coffee.[4][11] After a short trial run in California in 1994, the beverage was discontinued after failing to catch-on with consumers[4][11][12] A useful new by-product of Starbucks' research and development of mazagran was a coffee extract that could be used in various coffee-flavored products.[11] The coffee extract was later used in the preparation of pre-mixed, bottled Starbucks' frappuccino beverages that are sold in grocery stores.[11] The extract is also used in the company's bottled double shot and iced coffee beverages.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Ukers, William Harrison (1922). All About Coffee. Tea and Coffee Trade Journal Company. pp. 655–656. 
  2. ^ a b Doctor, Vikram (April 20, 2012). "Coffee Song: A rethink on Coffee". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  3. ^ New York State Library (January 1, 1850). Catalogue of the New York State Library. C. Van Benthuysen. p. 980. 
  4. ^ a b c d Clark, Taylor (2007). Starbucked: A Double Tall Tale of Caffeine, Commerce, and Culture. Little, Brown. ISBN 0316026174. 
  5. ^ Debry, Gérard (1994). Coffee and Health. John Libbey Eurotext. p. 32. ISBN 2742000372. 
  6. ^ a b c Thurber, Francis Beatty (1881). Coffee, from Plantation to Cup (edition 6). American Grocer Publishing Association. p. 40. 
  7. ^ Savage, F Walter (1878). French exercises, based on the Memory work of the French grammar. p. 119. 
  8. ^ Louisiana. Dept. of Agriculture, Good Roads Institute (1900). Report, Volume 9. Louisiana. Dept. of Agriculture, Good Roads Institute, Shreveport, La. pp. 72–73. 
  9. ^ a b DK (2014). Coffee Obsession. Penguin. p. 185. ISBN 1465434763. 
  10. ^ a b Bousfield, Jonathan; Humphreys, Rob (2001). Austria. Rough Guides. p. 46. ISBN 185828709X. 
  11. ^ a b c d Bedbury, Scott (2003). A New Brand World. Penguin. pp. 72–73. ISBN 0142001902. 
  12. ^ a b "Failed Starbucks drinks and products". Fox News. August 28, 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 

Further reading[edit]