Miguel Ángel Mancera

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This name uses Spanish naming customs; the first or paternal family name is Mancera and the second or maternal family name is Espinosa.
Miguel Ángel Mancera
Miguel Ángel Mancera stands in front of a golden shield depicting an old Mexico City's shield. He looks directly to the camera. He wears a black suit.
Mancera in 2014 at the Old City Hall (Mexico City City Hall).
6th Head of Government of the Federal District
Incumbent
Assumed office
December 5, 2012
Preceded by Marcelo Ebrard
Attorney General of Mexico City
In office
July 8, 2008 – January 6, 2012
Preceded by Rodolfo Félix Cárdenas
Succeeded by Jesús Rodríguez Almeida
Personal details
Born Miguel Ángel Mancera Espinosa
(1966-01-16) January 16, 1966 (age 48)
Mexico City
Political party None[A]
Residence Mexico City
Alma mater National Autonomous University of Mexico
Website decidamosjuntos.mx

Miguel Ángel Mancera Espinosa[1] (born January 16, 1966 in Mexico City)[2] is the Mayor of Mexico City, a lawyer and politician who works with the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD).[A] Mancera graduated from the Faculty of Law of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) in 1989, and was awarded the Gabino Barreda Medal two years later, for being the best student of his class. He has a Master's degree from the University of Barcelona and the Metropolitan Autonomous University, and a Juris Doctor from the UNAM.

Mancera has been a professor at multiple universities, including the UNAM, Autonomous Technological Institute of Mexico and University of Mexico Valley. In 2002, he began working as bureaucrat when Marcelo Ebrard, then-Secretary of Public Security of Mexico City, invited him to be his adviser. In 2006, Mancera became Assistant Attorney General, and from 2008 to 2012 he worked as Attorney General of the city. According to official reports, from 2010 to 2011 crime in Mexico City decreased by up to 12%.[3] In early 2012, Mancera became the candidate of the Progressive Movement coalition, composed of the political parties PRD, Labor Party and Citizens' Movement Party, for Head of Government of the Federal District in the July 1, 2012 elections. On July 7, 2012, Mancera became Mayor-elect after he won with over 63% of the vote, and took office on December 5, 2012.[1][4]

Early life and education[edit]

Miguel Ángel Mancera Espinosa was born on January 16, 1966 in colonia Anáhuac,[2] located in Miguel Hidalgo borough, Mexico City. His father is the founder of Mexican restaurant chain Los Bisquets Bisquets Obregón.[2][5][6] Mancera has four half-siblings: Ana, Miguel, Jaime and María del Carmen.[6] When he was four, he lived in the Tacuba neighborhood,[7] where he went to kindergarten.[6] Mancera studied at Miguel Alemán Primary School and Secondary School 45, both located in Benito Juárez borough.[6][7] He studied high school at Preparatoria 6, a biochemistry school that belongs to the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM).[6][7] According to Mancera, when he was a teenager he had a car accident, where another car crashed into his, and Mancera was the passenger. The public ministry asked Mancera to sign a document that exempted the driver of the car that caused the accident from liability.[6][7] Mancera asked Victoria Adato Green, then-Attorney General of the Federal District, to pursue the case, assisted by consultor Diego Ramudia, and managed to fine the responsible driver.[7]

Mancera decided to change his career to law. He attended the Faculty of Law of the UNAM from 1985 to 1989.[6][7] His thesis, "La libertad por desvanecimiento de datos en el Proceso Penal y la Absolución de la Instancia" ("The progressive release of public data on criminal prosecutions and acquittals") won the Diario de México Medal "Los Mejores Estudiantes de México" in November 1990.[8] In November 1991, he was awarded the Gabino Barreda Medal by the UNAM Faculty of Law, for being the best of his class of 1989.[5][7][8] Mancera earned his Master's degree from the University of Barcelona[7][9] and the Metropolitan Autonomous University, Azcapotzalco campus,[10] and his Juris Doctor from UNAM, with honors,[11] with his thesis "El injusto en la tentativa y la graduación de su pena en el derecho penal mexicano" ("Injustice and disparity in Mexican criminal sentencing").[7] His studies included a specialty in penal law at the University of Salamanca and the University of Castile-La Mancha, Spain,[11][12][13] under the auspices of the Panamerican University, Mexico.[3][11][13]

Career[edit]

Early political career[edit]

Manera has worked as candidate attorney, lawyer and adviser at several law firms, including García Cordero y Asociados and Grupo de Abogados Consultores.[6][9][14] Mancera has been a professor at multiple universities of Mexico, including the UNAM, Autonomous Technological Institute of Mexico, University of Mexico Valley, Panamerican University, Autonomous University of Aguascalientes, and Autonomous University of Baja California, among others.[5][7][9][11] In 2002, Mancera was a review committee member of the Criminal Procedure Code for the Federal District,[11] and near the same time hebegan working in government after Marcelo Ebrard, who was Mexico City Secretary of Public Security, invited him to be his adviser.[12][15] After Andrés Manuel López Obrador, then-Head of Government of Mexico City, named Ebrard as Social Development Secretary of the city, Mancera was assigned Legal Director of the Social Development Secretariat.[12] In 2006, Mancera was named Assistant Attorney General of Mexico City.[12]

On July 8, 2008,[16] Mancera was named Attorney General of Mexico City, after Rodolfo Félix Cárdenas was dismissed from office due to the News Divine Bar incident,[17] in which nine teenagers and three police officers died in a botched police raid.[2][18] According to official reports,[3] from 2010 to 2011 crime in Mexico City decreased by 12%,[2][3][19] the national crime rate rose 10.4%.[2] Average annual crime in Mexico City decreased 3.5% annually, from 2007 to 2011, and Mexico City dropped from third place to number twenty nationally in number of kidnappings.[3] During this time, 179 street gangs with 706 members were disbanded.[20]

Mayor of Mexico City[edit]

Mancera, in the center of the image, is being accompanied by a group of people that is standing in front of a crowd.
Mancera (center) with López Obrador (far left), Ebrard (far right), and others at López Obrador presidential campaign, 2012. The event took place on June 27, 2012, in Zócalo, Mexico City.

On January 6, 2012, Mancera resigned as attorney general to become candidate for the Head of Government in the 2012 election. Jesús Rodríguez Almeida took his place as Attorney General.[21] On January 8, Mancera registered as a precandidate for Mayor of Mexico City, as a member of the PRD.[22] On January 19, he became the official Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) candidate for Mayor of Mexico City, running against Alejandra Barrales, Gerardo Fernández Noroña, Martí Batres and Joel Ortega Cuevas, representing the leftist Progressive Movement coalition, which is formed by the PRD party, the Labor Party, and the Citizen's Movement Party.[23][24] The adversaries of Mancera were Beatriz Paredes Rangel, for the Commitment to Mexico coalition, an alliance of political parties Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and Ecologist Green Party of Mexico (PVEM),[25] Isabel Miranda de Wallace for the National Action Party (PAN),[26] and Rosario Guerra for the New Alliance Party (PANAL).[27] According to surveys made in late January, Mancera was between 18 and 30 points ahead of Paredes.[28] However, the following month, electoral preferences that favored him decreased by nine points.[29] Electoral preference for Mancera then increased from 36% in March to 41% in April in an El Universal daily poll.[30] In May, Mancera favorability increased to 57.5%;[31] in the same month, Adolfo Hellmund, Luis Mandoki, and Costa Bonino, in the house of Luis Creel,[32] borrowed six million dollars on behalf of Mancera and López Obrador, but both politicians disassociated themselves from the incident,[33] and Mancera filed a complaint against the people responsible for using his name without authorization with the Attorney General of Mexico City.[32]

Logo of a black-and-white sculpture, El Ángel. It is a victory symbol personified by an upper naked angel wearing a long skirt. She holds a laurel wreath with her right hand. Below her image, two golden wings are displayed. The slogan "Ciudad de México" is written in black capital letters, with the word "México" bolded, and below the slogan "Decidiendo Juntos" with the same pattern. The whole image is located inside a gray squircle.
Mexico City logo for the mayoralty of Mancera

The proposals of Mancera include to continue Ebrard's policies,[34] an increase of 13.000 to 20.000 safety cameras,[35] a reduction of car travel time, the expansion of the Mexico City Metro 12 line, a review of the issue of solid waste, the minibuses will be removed from the streets, 18 water purification plants, a Green Plan, the replacement of garbage trucks to separate organic and inorganic waste, among others.[36] On July 1, 2012, exit polls noted that Mancera was the presumed winner of the election, with a margin of 59.5–64.5%,[37] and had approximately 40% more votes than the second-place candidate, Paredes.[38] On July 7, 2012, the Federal District Electoral Institute (IEDF) announced Mancera as Head of Government-elect, endorsing him with a certificate;[1][39][40] which he received on October 8, 2012.[41]

Mancera assumed office on December 5, 2012,[4][42] as the sixth Mayor of Mexico City.[41] On December 24, 2012, Mancera began a voluntary disarmament campaign in Iztapalapa borough, in return people who participated would receive money.[43] As of January 8, 2013, more than 1,300 weapons were secured there,[44] including small arms and grenades.[45] The program will be applied to all boroughs during 2013.[46] On April 7, 2013, Mexican actress Laura Zapata asked Mancera to help her son, whose car had been crashed and the responsible escaped. Mancera asked Rodolfo Ríos, Attorney General of Mexico City, to take the case. Because of this, he was criticized by Twitter users because of "selectively attending requests from citizens."[47]

In November 2013, Mancera announced the increase of the Mexico City Metro fare, from three pesos to five, per travel. According to the Metro operator, Sistema Transporte Colectivo, with the increase the system would use the earnings for several uses, including the improvement of the infrastructure and maintainment of its 12 lines and its 195 stations.[48] The decision was criticized by sectors of the city population because its increase would represent a "blow up in the economy" of the inhabitants, as the minimum wage in Mexico City is 64.76 pesos, as of January 2013.[49][50] Mancera announced three opinion poll companies would ask to 7,200 Metro users if the fare should be increased, polling from November 28 to December 2; the respondents represented less than the 1% of the 5.5 million daily users who use the system.[51][52] According to the results from the companies Parametría (with 53.3%), Consulta Mitofsky (with 56.2%) and Covarrubias y Asociados (with 57.6%), the increment was approved to be applied since December 13.[53] Due to this, users from the system called to a civil disobedience by skipping turnstiles.[54][55] However, Mexico City Government announced they would take legal actions against those who skip them.[56][57]

Personal life[edit]

Mancera has been married twice. His first marriage was to a woman named Martha in the early 1990s, with whom lived in civil union for a year.[6] They divorced two years later, and after six years Mancera married Magnolia, with whom he had two children, Miguel and Leonardo.[6][12] After a decade, he divorced Magnolia.[6] Mancera has a daughter out of wedlock, but he has said the child's mother does not want Mancera to see her.[6] In September 2007, two assailants on a motorcycle intercepted and attempted to rob him while he drove his BMW in Periférico Sur. His bodyguard intervened and shot one of the robbers, killing him.[12] From 2008 to 2009, Mancera dated Alejandra Barrales,[6][12] who was the president of the PRD party at that time,[58] and also she intended to become the PRD candidate for Mayor of Mexico City in 2012.[24] In his spare time, he practices multiple sports, including Krav Maga, indoor cycling and weight lifting, hunting and aviation.[59] In 2008, Mancera received the Alfonso Caso Award, given by the UNAM Faculty of Law, for the most distinguished graduate of the doctoral program.[60] In September 2011, he was awarded the Latin American Prize for Life and Security of Women and Girls in Latin America and the Caribbean.[61] In October 2011, he was co-awarded the First Class Honor Star Medal, by the Police and Security Association, for "his international collaboration to search and locate supected criminals, as well as cooperation for the exchange of information and training on security and law enforcement."[62]

Bibliography[edit]

  • La Tentativa en el Código Penal para el Distrito Federal, una Nueva Propuesta (2003)[63]
  • La Comisión por Omisión en el Nuevo Código Penal para el Distrito Federal (2003)[64]
  • López Obrador Caso el Encino. Implicaciones Constitucionales, Penales y de Procedimiento Penal (2005)[60]
  • Caso el Encino ¿Delito? (2005)[60]
  • Nuevo Código para el Distrito Federal Comentado, Tomo III (2006)[65]
  • Estudios Jurídicos en Homenaje a Olga Islas de González Mariscal, Tomo II (2007)[66]
  • Estudios Jurídicos en Homenaje al Dr. Ricardo Franco Guzmán (2008)[60]
  • Derecho Penal, Especialidad y Orgullo Universitario Papel del Abogado (2011)[60]
  • Derecho Penal del enemigo (2011)[60]
  • El Tipo de la Tentativa: Teoría y Práctica (2012)[67]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • A ^ Although Mancera has worked under the PRD administration he has never joined the party.[19][38]

References[edit]

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  4. ^ a b "El gabinete de Mancera estará listo en noviembre". Excélsior (in Spanish). Grupo Imágen Multimedia. July 8, 2012. 
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  8. ^ a b González Avelar, Víctor (January 7, 2012). "Mancera o Beatriz". El Diario de Coahuila (in Spanish). Grupo Imágen Multimedia. Retrieved July 9, 2012. 
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  10. ^ Camp, Roderic Ai (2011). Mexican Political Biographies, 1935 – 2009 (4th ed.). Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press. p. 584. ISBN 9780292729926. OCLC 753978359. 
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  29. ^ "Encuesta de El Universal reporta que Mancera pierde 9 puntos" (in Spanish). ADNPolítico. Grupo Expansión. March 20, 2012. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  30. ^ Robles, Johana (April 24, 2012). "Mancera encabeza preferencias; aumenta 5 por ciento". El Universal (in Spanish). El Universal Compañía Periodística Nacional S.A. de C.V. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  31. ^ Robles, Johana (May 21, 2012). "Crece ventaja de Mancera en el DF". El Universal (in Spanish). El Universal Compañía Periodística Nacional S.A. de C.V. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  32. ^ a b "Mancera presenta denuncia por "charolazo"". Milenio (in Spanish). Grupo Multimedios. May 31, 2012. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  33. ^ "AMLO y Mancera se deslindan del "charolazo"". Milenio (in Spanish). Grupo Multimedios. May 31, 2012. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
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  35. ^ "Las noticias de hoy. Resumen Eduardo Ruiz Healy" (in Spanish). Radio Fórmula. Grupo Fórmula. May 1, 2012. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  36. ^ "Propone Mancera a citadinos disminuir trayectos a 30 minutos, de casa a trabajo". Excélsior (in Spanish). Grupo Imágen Multimedia. May 27, 2012. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
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  38. ^ a b "Ventaja histórica de Mancera en el DF" (in Spanish). CNN México. TimeWarner. July 2, 2012. Retrieved July 14, 2012. 
  39. ^ Osorio, Ernesto (July 7, 2012). "Ya es Mancera Jefe de Gobierno electo" (in Spanish). Reforma. Terra Networks S.A. Retrieved July 10, 2012. 
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  62. ^ Madrid, Lemic (October 11, 2011). "Condecoran a Mancera por colaboración internacional" (in Spanish). Azteca Noticias. TV Azteca S.A. de C.V. Retrieved July 13, 2012. 
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External links[edit]