Military of Equatorial Guinea
|Military of Equatorial Guinea
Fuerzas Armadas de Guinea Ecuatorial
|Service branches||Army, Navy, Air Wing|
|President of Equatorial Guinea||Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo|
|Conscription||18 years of age, 2 years selective compulsory service|
|136,725 males, age 16–49,
138,018 females, age 16–49
|105,468 males, age 16–49,
107,919 females, age 16–49
|Percent of GDP||0.1% (2006 est.)|
The military of Equatorial Guinea (in Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas de Guinea Ecuatorial)  consists of approximately 2,500 service members. The army has almost 1,400 soldiers, the police 400 paramilitary men, the navy 200 service members, and the air force about 120 members. There is also a Gendarmerie, but the number of members is unknown. The Gendarmerie is a new branch of the service in which training and education is being supported by the French Military Cooperation in Equatorial Guinea. Military appointments are all reviewed by President Teodoro Obiang, and few of the native militiamen come from outside of Obiang's Mongomo-based Esangui clan. Obiang was a general when he overthrew his uncle, Francisco Macías Nguema.
The Armed Forces were reorganized in 1979. In 1988, the United States donated a 68-foot patrol boat to the Equatoguinean navy to patrol its exclusive economic zone. The U.S. patrol boat Isla de Bioko is no longer operational. U.S. military-to-military engagement has been dormant since 1997 (the year of the last Joint Combined Exchange Training exercise). Between 1984 and 1992, service members went regularly to the United States on the International Military Education Training program, after which funding for this program for Equatorial Guinea ceased. The government spent 6.5% of its annual budget on defense in 2000 and 4.5% of its budget on defense in 2001. It recently acquired some Chinese artillery pieces, some Ukrainian patrol boats, and some Ukrainian helicopter gunships. The number of paved airports in Equatorial Guinea can be counted on one hand, and as such the number of airplanes operated by the air force is small. The Equatoguineans rely on foreigners to operate and maintain this equipment as they are not sufficiently trained to do so. Cooper and Weinert 2010 says that all aircraft are based on the military side of Malabo International Airport.
In 2002, a report said "The oil companies do not view Equatorial Guinea's military – a product of decades of brutal dictatorial rule – with much confidence. The army is believed to have only about 1,320 men under arms, the navy 120, and the air force 100. Seven of the army's nine generals are relatives of the president; the other two are from his tribe. There is no clear command structure, the level of discipline is low, and professionalism and training are almost non-existent, according to locals and foreign oil workers. Even the presidential guard – an indication of the lack of trust in the country's forces – is composed of 350 Moroccan troops." One general may be General Agustin Ndong Ona, reported in 2004.
It was reported that in January 2006 a Saint Kitts & Nevis flagged cargo ship loaded with vehicles and parts meant for the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo was seized while in port within Equatorial Guinea. It is believed that the seized vehicles (which included 15 Belgian Army Pandur APCs leased to Beninise army troops) and parts have been used to equip the Military of Equatorial Guinea, and such seizure are considered by some as an act of piracy.
- M-43 82mm medium mortars
The Air Force operates 13 aircraft plus the presidential flight.
|Aero L-39 Albatros||light attack||2||(024 and 025)|
|Antonov An-72 Coaler C||tactical transport||2||(032)|
|Antonov An-32 Cline||transport||1|
|Casa C-212-200 Aviocar||transport||3|
|Enstrom 480B||training helicopter||2||(015 and 017)|
|Mil Mi-24 HindV (Hind E)||attack||6||(010, 012, 018, 020 and 022)|
|Sukhoi Su-25K||attack||4 (Including 2 SU-25UBK)||(026, 027, 031 and 032)|
- 1 Agusta A109 (3C-EGS)
- 1 Boeing 737-700 (3C-EGE)
- 1 Dassault Falcon 50 (3C-LGE)
- 1 Dassault Falcon 900 (3C-ONM)
- 1 Embraer ERJ145EP (3C-QQH)
- 2 Mil Mi-17\172 Hip-H (3C-LLE)
- 1 Yakovlev Yak-40 (3C-CGA)
- 1 Cessna 337 Super skymaster
- 1 Sikorsky S-92
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (May 2012)|
EQUATORIAL GUINEA NAVY FLAGSHIP THE BULGARIAN-BUILT
- 1 1,360 TON OPV-88, ‘BATA’
- 2 Shaldag class fast patrol boat
- 1 Daphne patrol boat - 170 tons full load - commissioned 1963
- 2 Zhuk patrol boats
- 2 Kalkan patrol craft - 8.5 tons full load
- 1 Esturaio de Muni class OPV
- 1 P-183\P-6 class FAC -status unknown.
- U.S. Department of State, Equatorial Guinea Background Note 01/02
- Cooper and Weinert 2010, p142
- Sunday Dare, The Curious Bonds of Oil Diplomacy, Center for Public Integrity, November 6, 2002
- Where’s My Pandur?”
- "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Military of Equatorial Guinea.|
- Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). "CIA - The World Factbook - Equatorial Guinea". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
- International Institute for Strategic Studies (2009). The Military Balance. Routledge. ISBN 14799022 Check
- Cooper, Tom & Weinert, Peter (2010). African MiGs: Volume I: Angola to Ivory Coast. Harpia Publishing LLC. ISBN 978-0-9825539-5-4.
- Jeremy Binnie, 'Boom Time - Equatorial Guinea,' Jane's Defence Weekly, 30 May 2012.