Mukah

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Mukah
The Batang Mukah Bridge, one of the most notable structures of Mukah.
The Batang Mukah Bridge, one of the most notable structures of Mukah.
Official logo of Mukah
Towns of Sarawak
Nickname(s): The Melanau Heartland
Mukah is located in Malaysia
Mukah
Mukah
Location in Malaysia
Coordinates: 2°53′46″N 112°4′43″E / 2.89611°N 112.07861°E / 2.89611; 112.07861
Division Office location Mukah
Local area government (s) Majlis Daerah Dalat & Mukah (MDDM)
Area
 • Total 7,916.33 km2 (3,056.51 sq mi)
Population (2010[1])
 • Total 43,284
 • Density 5.5/km2 (14/sq mi)
Resident Tuan Haji Saudi Bin Haji Narani
Walikota Haji Ali bin Suhaili
Nickname The Melanau Heartland

Mukah, Sarawak, Malaysia, is a coastal town which serves as the administrative center of the Mukah District (2,536 square kilometers) in Mukah Division, Sarawak. It is located by the South China Sea, about 2.5 hours by road from the city of Sibu. Mukah is also accessible by air by MASwings from Kuching and Miri. The duration of both flights is about one hour. There are also speed boats connecting the town of Dalat (about 30 kilometers from Mukah) to Sibu. The speed boat trip takes approximately 2 hours.

The Setia Raja Mosque in Mukah

History[edit]

Mukah is an ancient trading and fishing port, situated at the mouth of the Mukah River adjacent to the South China Sea. Historically, the town was an outpost of the Sultanate of Brunei. It became part of Sarawak in 1861. It is now the centre of Melanau culture, and the "Pesta Kaul" festival, celebrated by the local fishermen in April to appease the spirits of the sea, is one of the major events of the Melanau calendar. Just beyond the center of town is the Lamin Dana Water Village, which is a Melanau Cultural Center.

The Mukah hinterland was traditionally a major sago producing area. Of late however, most of the predominantly peat swamp areas that dominate the hinterland have been developed into oil palm plantations.

In November 1862, Rajah Mudah, Captain Brooke Brooke, rescued several civilians from the Moro Pirates after a pitched naval battle off the coast of Mukah. During the fighting, Brooke's steamer named Rainbow sank four prahus and damaged one other with cannon fire. Over 100 pirates were killed or wounded in the engagement while Brooke, the Bishop, and their Sarawakian followers, were mostly unscathed.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Population of Mukah by Ethnic Group

According to the National Census 2010, Mukah has a population of 43,284. However, this is the population of Mukah district not Mukah town.The majority of the people is Melanau. Other ethnicities are Chinese, Iban, Malay and others.

Education[edit]

Mukah Polytechnic

There are three secondary schools in the town; SMK Three Rivers, SMK St. Patrick and SMK Mukah. There is a newly opened MRSM Mukah. Also, there is Polytechnic Mukah and a small campus of UiTM here.

Future Developments[edit]

The development of the Mukah Town Extension Phase 2[3] is on-going now. The extension includes 103 units of 3 storey shophouses and a 3 storey shopping complex(228,100 square feet). The extension also includes a 3-storey shopping mall and a 6-storey commercial building which will consists of departmental stores and hotel with 108 rooms.[4] Once the shopping complex completed it will be the first and only shopping complex in Mukah and the division wholly.The phase 1 and phase 2 of the extension is completed.

Amid the State Election 2011, Abdul Taib Mahmud revealed that the state government will conduct a comprehensive master plan study on the Mukah smart town model by the end of 2011. The study would incorporate infrastructure plans including the building of railways linking Mukah with Tanjong Manis Halal Hub and Samalaju New Township in Bintulu. He also officiated at the opening of the second phase of Mukah Biotech Economic Zone, covering an area of 10 ha.[5]

Sarawak Corridor of Renewable Energy (SCORE)[6][edit]

Due to its strategic location in Sarawak Corridor of Renewable Energy (SCORE), Mukah will be the administrative centre for the Regional Economic Development Authority (RECODA).

University Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS) is developing a R&D centre in Mukah to focus on agriculture and resource based research and expected be operational in 2015. The Sarawak Skills Development Centre (PPKS) is also growing its vocational training school and should begin enrolling students in 2015.

The Mukah Biotech Economic Zone[6][edit]

The Mukah Biotech Economic Zone will be established to cater for private sector R&D requirements and an industrial park will be created for selected industries such as food processing. To date a total of 26 priority projects have been identified with public investment of RM4 billion (US$1.2 billion).

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

In term of air connectivity, Mukah is served by a short take-off and landing airport (STOL), Mukah Airport. Flights to Kuching (3X daily) and Miri (1X daily) are operated by MASwings.[7]

Road[edit]

The Mukah-Selangau road connects Mukah town and Pan Borneo Highway. Express buses to Bintulu, Sibu and Miri are also available.

Things to Do[edit]

The Lonely Planet web guide recommends 3 activities to be done while in Mukah. They are visiting Lamin Dana, the Melanau cultural center located in Kg. Tellian; visit the local market; and try the food at riverside hawker center.[8]

An ABC is served. This ABC costs only MYR 2

The locals also recommend visitors to try a variety of ABC (Air Batu Campur) at the Medan Food Center.

The iconic Pesta Kaul Mukah (Mukah Kaul Festival) is held annually in April. In 2014, the festival will be held on 24 April until 28 April 2013.[9]

Good to Know[edit]

Mukah town even has statues of Ikan Merah(Red Snapper) and Udang(Prawn) that suggests the importance of the fishery industry to the town and the division wholly.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Laporan Kiraan Permulaan 2010". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. iv. Retrieved 2011-01-24. 
  2. ^ http://anglicanhistory.org/asia/sarawak/sketches1882/16.html
  3. ^ "Mukah Town Extension Phase 2, Mukah". Hock Peng Organisation. Retrieved 2011-03-08. 
  4. ^ "Mukah Shopping Mall". Hock Peng Organisation. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  5. ^ "Study on Mukah soon". Retrieved 2011-04-11. 
  6. ^ a b "Mukah". Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  7. ^ http://www.maswings.com.my/flights.html
  8. ^ "Things to do in Mukah". Retrieved 2011-01-29. 
  9. ^ "MUKAH KAUL FESTIVAL". Retrieved 2014-01-25. 

External links[edit]