|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2009)|
|Nickname(s): "Resort City"|
|Motto: Progress with the society
(Malay: Maju bersama masyarakat)
|Incorporation (City)||20 May 2005|
|• Type||Mayor–council government|
|• Mayor||Lawrence Lai Yew Son|
|• City of Miri||4,707.1 km2 (1,817.4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||21.95 m (72.01 ft)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC+8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Not observed (UTC+8)|
|International dialling code prefix||+6085 (landline only)|
|Vehicle registration plate prefix||QM (for all vehicles except taxis)
HQ (for taxis only)
Miri // is a city in northern Sarawak, Malaysia, on the island of Borneo. It is the second largest city in Sarawak, with a population of about 360,000, and located in close proximity to Brunei. It is the government administrative centre of Miri District in Miri Division. Miri is the birthplace of Sarawak's and Malaysia's petroleum industry, which remains the major industry of the city.
The city's other major industries include processed timber, oil palm production, and tourism. Miri is the main tourist gateway for Gunung Mulu National Park, Loagan Bunut National Park, Lambir National Park, and Niah National Park. The world famous Gunung Mulu National Park with its Sarawak Chamber, a half an hour flight from the city, is one of the favourite eco-tourism destinations. Miri has lately become known for its exotic coral reefs.
- 1 History
- 2 Demographics
- 3 People from Miri
- 4 Climate
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Tourism
- 8 Media Networks
- 9 Education
- 10 Shopping
- 11 Accommodation
- 12 Health care
- 13 References
- 14 External links
The earliest evidence of human population in the area dates back to 35,000 BC from the nearby Niah Caves.
The first oil well (the Grand Old Lady) was drilled by Shell in 1910, and is now a state monument and one of Miri's tourist attractions. Shell also built Malaysia's first oil refinery in Lutong, a suburb of Miri, in 1914.
World War II
Realizing that war was imminent, the Brooke government, under Sir Charles Vyner Brooke, conducted preliminary work to establish airstrips at selected locations throughout the country. These airstrips would be located at Kuching, Oya, Mukah, Bintulu, and Miri.
With no air or sea forces stationed in or around Sarawak, the British government encouraged the Brooke regime to adopt a "scorched earth policy" in the event of a Japanese attack. Later, schemes were developed to destroy the oil installations at Miri and Lutong. The Brooke government learned of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (on 7 December 1941) and quickly ordered the total destruction of the oil fields and airfields at Miri and Seria. Orders for the demolition of the refinery at Lutong and the oil wells reached the officer commanding at Miri on the morning of 8 December, and by that evening, the task was completed. The garrison, a company of the 2/15 Punjab Regiment, then left for Kuching by sea on 14 December. The Japanese captured the city on 17 December.
On 19 December 1941, a Dutch flying boat from Tarakan Island attacked the Japanese destroyer Shinonome, (Cdr. Hiroshi Sasagawa) of 1,950 tons off Miri; the ship was sunk along with her entire crew of 228. Another flying boat damaged a transport ship.
During the 1960s, vast oil reserves were discovered just offshore northeast of the city. Miri has grown phenomenally since oil was first discovered in the early 1900s, burgeoning into the business, commercial and educational centre it is today.
The Sarawak state government approved the then Miri Municipal Council's application for Miri to be elevated to a city and concurrently the Council to be upgraded as the Miri City Council on 20 May 2004. The federal government approved its application on 16 March 2005. The Yang di-Pertua Negeri (ceremonial head of state) of Sarawak issued an order on 12 May 2005 for the establishment of the Miri City Council. The King of Malaysia, Seri Paduka Baginda Yang Di-Pertuan Agong XII issued the instrument for conferment of city status of name Miri City Council on Miri Municipal Council, with full jurisdiction on Miri City on 13 May 2005. The appointments of the mayor, deputy mayor and city councillors of the Miri City Council was published in the Sarawak Government Gazette on 19 May 2005.
On 20 May 2005, the official proclamation of Miri as a City and appointment of Cr. Dato Wee Han Wen as first Mayor of Miri City Council were made at Miri. This was then followed by a celebration and 20 May is now celebrated each year as Miri City Day. Miri is the ninth city[clarification needed], and its local authority the tenth city council in Malaysia.
Miri's population consists of Iban, Chinese, Malay (consists of original Malay, adopted of Jati Miriek, Daleik and Bakong people), Kedayan, Berawan, Lun Bawang/Lun Dayeh, Melanau, Kayan, Kenyah, Kelabit, Bidayuh, Penan, Indian, a handful of Eurasians and other indigenous groups .
People from Miri
1. Zee Avi, international singer and ukelele player.
2. Shaun Maloney, Scottish national football player.
3. Taib Mahmud, Sarawak's fourth Chief Minister.
4. Joseph Kalang Tie, Sarawak FA football player.
Miri has a tropical rainforest climate. There are two monsoon seasons: the southwest monsoon, which is the dry season from April to September and the northeast monsoon, which is the wet season from October to March. The annual rainfall is around 250 to 380 cm (100 to 150 inches). The air temperature is between 23 to 32 °C (74 to 90 °F) the whole year round. But in rare occasions, temperature can reach down to 18 °C to 16 °C especially in the month of November, December and January. Lowest ever recorded is in December 2010 where temperature dropped down to 11 °C.
|Climate data for Miri|
|Record high °C (°F)||33
|Average high °C (°F)||30
|Average low °C (°F)||22
|Record low °C (°F)||16
|Precipitation cm (inches)||15.3
|Source: MSN Weather|
Miri mainly relies on its oil and gas industry, which contributes significantly to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Sarawak. Sarawak Shell Berhad and Petronas Carigali have their headquarters based in Miri. The city is also home to numerous local and multinational oil and gas companies, including Nippon Oil, Schlumberger, Baker Hughes, Halliburton, Technip, Ranhill WorleyParsons and Petra Resources and many others. The oil and gas industry not only infuses money into the economy, but also brings in expatriates from various countries.
Tourism is another important focus of the economy. Miri has a diverse ecology and a myriad of flora and fauna species. Four national parks and a marine national park are all located near Miri. Thus, it is often seen as a hub for ecotourism and a draw for nature enthusiasts.
The oil palm business is also a major industry in Miri, with vast oil palm plantation estates dotting the outskirts of Miri.
Many shipbuilding companies have also set up major shipyards in Miri, especially in the Kuala Baram industrial area along the mighty Baram river.
Miri Airport receives flights from domestic destinations like Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru, Kuching, Kota Kinabalu, Labuan, Sibu, Bintulu and many other smaller towns throughout Sarawak. It also has direct international air link to Singapore via AirAsia and Manila via Air Asia Zest. The airport is also an important hub for MASwings's fleets to provide connecting flights to isolated communities in the interior. It serves as the essential airway to national parks such as Mulu Caves, Niah Caves, and Lambir Hills. Malaysia Airlines and AirAsia operate flights to Miri. Starting mid-June 2013, Malindo Air operates daily flights between Miri and Kuala Lumpur.
Miri is often called the northern gateway to Sarawak and is one of the state's most important tourist attractions. It is surrounded by four world-class national parks: Mount Mulu, Niah, Lambir Hills, and Loagan Bunut.
Gunung Mulu National Park
The Gunung Mulu National Park is a certified UNESCO World Heritage Site and boasts the world's largest natural cave chamber, the Sarawak Chamber. The National Park encompasses caves and karst formations in a mountainous equatorial rainforest setting. The park is famous for its caves and the expeditions that have been mounted to explore them and their surrounding rainforest, most notably the Royal Geographical Society Expedition of 1977–1978, which saw over 100 scientists in the field for 15 months. This initiated a series of over 20 expeditions now drawn together as the Mulu Caves Project. The national park is named after Mount Mulu, the second highest mountain in Sarawak.
Niah National Park Niah Caves in Niah National Park is an important archaeological and historical site, as one of the oldest human remains in Southeast Asia was found here. The cave is an important prehistorical site where human remains dating to 40,000 years have been found. This is the oldest recorded human settlement in east Malaysia. The caves are also well known for the birds' nest (Swiftlet) industry. It is a popular tourist destination in Sarawak.
Lambir Hills National Park Lambir Hills National Park is located 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of Miri It contains very diverse species of flora and fauna and is ranked as the 12th mega-biodiverse site in the world. The park has Sarawak's largest natural lake. There is also the recently gazetted Miri-Sibuti Marine National Park, which has coral reefs and diverse marine life.
Loagan Bunut National Park Loagan Bunut National Park is a national park located 130 km from Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia, on the Borneo island. The park was named after the Loagan Bunut lake nearby, which is connected to Sungai Bunut (sungai is Malay for river), Sungai Baram and Sungai Tinjar. This park occupies a space of 100 km2 (39 sq mi) and is well known for its rich biodiversity and unique aquatic ecosystem. The national park was gazetted on January 1, 1990 and it was opened to public on August 29, 1991.
Beaches and public parks
Tanjong Lobang Beach (Taman Selera) - Miri City's first recreational park and it is very popular with the locals. About 10 minutes drive from the City centre. The open-air seafood centre allows you to enjoy excellent seafood cooked the way you like.
- Luak Esplanade Beach
- Hawaii Beach
- Bungai Beach - Situated near Kampung Bungai in Bekenu, the beach is about 1 hour drive from Miri.
- Marina Bay
- Lutong Beach
- Miri Bulatan Park
- Taman Awam Miri
- Miri City Fan - a 10.4-hectare (26-acre) park in the heart of the city.
- Taman Bunga
The Miri Reef in the clear waters off Miri's coast are an exciting and accessible diving destination. It is one of Malaysia’s most recently discovered diving locations. Popular
diving sites include Luconia Area, Anemone Garden, Grouper Patch Reef, Atago Maru Wreck, and Seafan Garden.
Miri boasts two golf courses of international standing (each about 20 minutes drive from the City centre).
- The Miri Golf Club
The very idyllic Miri Golf Club is set among the rustic surroundings of a Malay Kampung (Village) on top of a picturesque sand bar between the Miri River and the South China Sea, separation by the Miri River offers a worry free hideaway and the hustle and bustle of the city is hardly noticed.
- Eastwood Valley Golf And Country Club
The international standard golf facility was newly opened for play in 2005, comprises an 18-hole-course designed by the USA-based Nickels Golf Group Ltd of San Francisco, California.
Miri opened a petroleum museum to preserve the city's roots as an oil and gas city. The museum is situated on a hill with a view of Miri and the coast. The museum has been criticised as being poorly maintained and underpatronised. In 2010, Tourism and Heritage Minister Tan Sri Dr George Chan said he was trying to get help from Shell and Petronas to provide funds for the management of the museum. The museum was built at the site of "The Grand Old Lady", Miri's first producing rig.
- Chinese temples
- Tua Pek Kong Chinese Temple - Built in 1913, an important icon of Miri's early history, this is the oldest Chinese temple in Miri City.
- Lian Hua San Ching Tien Taoist Temple - Located in the Krokop suburbs of Miri is South East Asia's largest Taoist temple was opened in 2000 and is cared for by Taoist priests.
- The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
- St Columba's Church
- Miri Evangelical Church (SIB English)
- Methodist Church Miri
- Sidang Injil Borneo Sarawak
- The Church Of God Miri
- Hwai En Methodist Church
- St Joseph's Church Miri
- Tukau Methodist Church Miri
- SIB Literature Board
- Miri Gospel Chapel
- Masjid Al Jamek
- Sinaran Mosque
- At-Taqwa Mosque
- Kamini Durga Easwari Amman, Raghavan Building, Jalan Brooke
Television Stations FTA
|RTM TV1||E10v / 10 kW / 55kWe|
|RTM TV2||E12v / 10 kW / 55kWe|
Radio Station 
|87.7 MHz||Sinar FM|
|88.1 MHz||Sarawak FM|
|88.9 MHz||TraXX FM|
|89.9 MHz||Ai FM|
|90.7 MHz||RTM Red Fm|
|91.0 MHz||RTB Pelangi Fm|
|91.9 MHz||Klasik Nasional FM|
|92.7 MHz||RTM Nasional FM|
|93.3 MHz||Cats FM|
|93.8 MHz||RTB Nasional Fm|
|94.9 MHz||RTB Rangkaian Nur Islam|
|95.7 MHz||Miri FM|
|96.9 MHz||RTB Pilihan FM|
|97.7 MHz||RTB Harmoni Fm|
|98.0 MHz||Miri FM|
|98.7 MHz||Kristal Fm|
|99.7 MHz||Kristal Radio, Recitation of al-Quran|
|101.3 MHz||era Fm|
|102.4 MHz||Melody FM|
|103.2 MHz||MY FM|
|104.0 MHz||IKIM fm|
- The Chinese Primary Schools:
- Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (C) Chung Hua Bakam
- Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (C) Chung Hua Krokop
- Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (C) Chung Hua Lutong
- Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (C) Chung Hua Miri
- Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (C) Chung Hua Pujut
- Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (C) Chung Hua Sibuti
- Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (C) North
- Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan (C) Tukau
- Islamic Primary Schools:
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Agama
- National Primary Schools:
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Anchi
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Bekenu
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Jalan Bintang
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Kampung Bakam
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Kampung Luak
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Lutong
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Merbau
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Pujut Corner
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Pulau Melayu
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Riam Batu Dua
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Senadin
- Sekolah Kebangsaan South
- Sekolah Kebangsaan St. Columba
- Sekolah Kebangsaan St. Joseph
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Temala Kem Plywood
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Temenggong Datuk Muip
- Sekolah Kebangsaan Tudan
- Chinese Secondary Schools:
- Sekolah Menengah Chung Hua Miri 美里中华中学
- Islamic Secondary Schools:
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Agama Miri
- National Secondary Schools:
- Kolej Tun Datu Tuanku Haji Bujang
- Kolej Vocasional Miri
- Sekolah Menengah Sains Miri
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Lopeng Tengah
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Dato' Permaisuri
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Lutong
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Merbau
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Pujut
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Riam
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan St. Columba
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan St. Joseph
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Taman Tunku
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Luak
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Bekenu
- Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Tinjar
Private and international schools
- Primary Schools:
- Sekolah Rendah Sri Mawar
- Sekolah Rendah Sri Mulia
- Secondary Schools:
- Riam Road Secondary School 美里廉律中学
- Pei Min Middle School 美里培民中学
- International Schools:
- Tenby International School Miri
- Curtin University Sarawak - The first offshore campus of Curtin University, Western Australia, and the first foreign university campus in East Malaysia. Opened in 1999 in partnership with the Sarawak government, it serves the educational needs of local and foreign students.
- University of Chester - Works to commence soon for development of the university facilities. Will be Chester University first offshore campus outside UK.
- Cahaya Educational & Training Academy Sdn Bhd
- Community College Miri
- Fajar International College - Provide education in Occupational Safety and Health, Business Management and Accounting Courses.
- IBS College Miri - Has been developed as the key provider of business and management training and education program in Miri, Sarawak. The College was established in 1992, originally as a professional training and development center and received the approval from the MOHE in 1998.
- Institut Kemahiran Belia Negara
- Institut Latihan Perindustrian Miri
- Institut Pendidikan Guru Malaysia Kampus Miri Sarawak
- Institut Pengurusan Maxcel
- Institut Teknologi Riam
- Pusat Pembangunan Kemahiran Sarawak (Lutong)
- I-Systems College Miri
- Bintang Megamall
- Boulevard Shopping Complex
- Imperial Mall
- Merdeka Mall
- Miri Plaza
- Permy Mall
- Wisma Pelita Tunku
- MYY Mall
- Permaisuri Imperial City Mall (Under construction )
- Senadin Hypermall & Water Theme Park ( The construction will begin in this July )
- Marina Shopping Complex (Plan/Project)
Below are the star-rated hotels in Miri:
- Miri Marriott Resort & Spa (5 Star)
- ParkCity Everly Hotel (4 Star)
- Mega Hotel Miri(4 Star)
- Grand Palace Hotel (4 star)
- Meritz Hotel (4 Star)
- Imperial Hotel (4 Star)
- Imperial Palace Hotel (4 Star)
- Royal Mulu Resort (4 Star)
- Borneo Tropical Rainforest Resort (3 Star)
- Dynasty Hotel (3 Star)
- Eastwood Valley Golf & Country Club (3 Star)
Hospitals in Miri city are listed below:
- Government Hospital
- Miri General Hospital
- Miri Polyclinic
- Tudan Polylinic
- Private Hospital
- Columbia Asia Medical Centre
- Miri City Medical Centre
- KPJ Hospital
- "Sarawak Government Portal | Sarawak demographics". Sarawak.gov.my. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
- "Malaysia: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 16 Dec 2012. Retrieved 2010-10-29.
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- Post, Borneo. "Miri Nature Society: Coral reefs in Miri under threat".
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- "Miri Resort Decline and War". Retrieved 2008-07-18.
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- "Miri remains as top draw for Bruneians". Thestar.com.my. 2010-01-14. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
- "Contact Us". MASwings. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
- "Miri Manila Route by Air Asia Zest". Philippineflightnetwork.com. 2013-10-22. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
- "Malindo Air Miri - KLIA Daily Flights". Miriresortcity.com. 2013-06-15. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
- "First Coral Reef National Park". Malaysiandivingcommunity.com. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
- "Sarawak National Park - National Parks and Reserves - Loagan Bunut National Park ::". Sarawak Forestry. 2009-07-08. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
- "Miri Petroleum Museum gives poor taste to visitors". Thestar.com.my. 2010-04-23. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
- Story by DIANA ROSE email@example.com (2010-05-03). "Chan hopes Shell, Petronas will provide funds to upkeep museum". Thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
- "Miri’s first oil well stands stately at museum". Thestar.com.my. 2007-06-04. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
- "Taoist Temple". Miri Council. Retrieved 2008-11-16.
- Alan G. Davies. "Radio and Television Broadcasting in Asia". Asiawaves.net. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
- "Home". Bintangmegamall.com. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
- "Permy Mall". Naim.com.my. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
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