Sarawak State Legislative Assembly

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Sarawak State Legislative Assembly
Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak
Type
Type
Leadership
Speaker
Mohamad Asfia Awang Nassar, Barisan Nasional - PBB
Adenan SatemBarisan Nasional - PBB
since 1 March 2014
Opposition Leader
Structure
Seats 71
Sarawak Assembly seating plan.svg
54 / 71
15 / 71
1 / 71
Elections
Last election
16 April 2011
Meeting place
Sarawak state assembly building.jpg
Sarawak State Legislative Assembly Building, Petra Jaya, Kuching
Website
www.dun.sarawak.gov.my

The Sarawak State Legislative Assembly is the state legislature of the Malaysian state of Sarawak. It is a unicameral institution consisting of 71 members elected from single-member constituencies throughout the state. Elections are held no more than five years apart, separate from general elections unlike other states in Malaysia.

The State Legislative Assembly convenes at the Sarawak State Legislative Assembly Building in the capital Kuching.

History[edit]

The first legislative assembly in Sarawak was formed during the rule of the White Rajahs. The General Council (Majlis Umum) of the Kingdom of Sarawak was convened on 8 September 1867 by Charles Brooke, the Rajah Muda under the orders of James Brooke, then the Rajah of Sarawak. Its members were chosen from local tribe leaders who were thought to be capable of assisting Brooke in administering the kingdom. The General Council later evolved into the Council Negri. The Council Negri first met in Bintulu.[1]

It continued to function even after Sarawak was ceded to the British Empire in 1946. Since 1963, when Sarawak joined with Malaya, Singapore and North Borneo (now known as Sabah) to formed the Federation of Malaysia, in line with the federal and state constitutions, members of the Assembly have been elected representatives.[2]

The Assembly originally had 48 seats. That expanded to 56 in 1985, to 62 in 1985 and to 71 in 2005. In 2014 the Assembly passed a Bill to take the number of constituencies to 82. It has a greater number of seats than any other state assembly in Malaysia.[3]

Role[edit]

The State Assembly enacts laws that apply in the state of Sarawak in matters specified in the Joint and State Lists in the federal Constitution. Legislation successfully passed in the Assembly are known as ordinances.[4] The Assembly must sit at least once a year to approve taxation to and supply from the state's consolidated fund. This is done during the tabling of the budget by the executive Cabinet.[5] Aside from administrative matters, members of the Assembly are free to speak on any issues, as stipulated in the Privileges, Immunities and Powers Ordinance 1963. Members of the Assembly are responsible for checking and criticising the executive government's actions.[6]

The Speaker presides over proceedings in the Assembly. He is appointed by the Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor) on the advice of the Chief Minister. The Speaker can only vote to break a tie.[7]

Speakers Roll of Honor[edit]

The following is the Speaker of the Sarawak State Assembly Roll of Honor, since 1963:

  1. Datuk Dr.Sockalingam (1963–1968)
  2. Tan Sri Datuk William Tan (1968–1973)
  3. Datuk Haji Shahbuddin Y.K. Cheng (1973–1976)
  4. Datuk Abang Haji Abu Bakar Bin Datu Abang Haji Mustapha (1976–1981)
  5. Datuk Celestine Ujang Jilan (1981–1987)
  6. Datuk Robert Jacob Ridu (1987–1994)
  7. Dato Sri Wong Soon Koh (1994–1996)
  8. Datuk Song Swee Guan (1996–2000)
  9. Datuk Amar Haji Mohammad Asfia Bin Awang Nassar (2000–present)

Cabinet[edit]

The Cabinet of Sarawak forms the executive branch of the state's government. It is led by the Chief Minister of Sarawak. The Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor on the basis that he is able to command a majority in the Assembly. He then advises the Governor on the appointment of state ministers. The Chief Minister and his ministers constitute the state cabinet, and share collective responsibility to the Assembly.[8]

After the 2011 state election, the opposition Pakatan Rakyat coalition formed a shadow cabinet. The Speaker recognised the right of the opposition to form such a body, but nonetheless noted it had no constitutional status, unlike the Official Opposition Shadow Cabinet of the United Kingdom.[9]

The current State Cabinet was sworn in on 18 April 2011 after the state elections.[10] On 28 September 2001, the State Cabinet underwent a reshuffle, as a new ministry and seven new member were introduced.[11]

Upon the appointment of Tan Sri Adenan Satem as the fifth Chief Minister of Sarawak, the State Cabinet,formed in 2011 remained unchanged, with the exception of the position of Second Deputy Chief Minister,which still vacant.The position of the Minister with Special Functions also remains vacant, and he had announced that he will appoint a minister to fill the positions at the right time.[12]

Sarawak State Cabinet (Effective 3 March 2014)
Portfolio Minister
Chief Minister,Minister of Finance,Minister of Resource Planning & Environment Tan Sri Datuk Amar Adenan Satem
Deputy Chief Minister,Minister of Modernisation of Agriculture & Minister of Rural Development
Datuk Patinggi Tan Sri Alfred Jabu Numpang
Minister of Land Development
Tan Sri James Jemut Masing
Minister of Social Development
Tan Sri William Mawan Ikom
Minister of Housing & Minister of Tourism
Datuk Amar Abang Johari Tun Openg
Minister of Local Government and Community Development & Second Minister of Finance
Dato' Sri Wong Soon Koh
Minister of Infrastructure Development and Communications
Dato' Sri Michael Manyin Jawong
Minister of Industrial Development, Minister of Second Resource Planning and Environment & Minister of Public Utilities
Datuk Amar Awang Tengah Ali Hassan
Minister of Welfare,Women and Family Development (Newly-Formed)
Datuk Fatimah Abdullah @ Ting Sai Ming
Non-representatives
State Secretary Datuk Amar Mohamad Morshidi Abdul Ghani
Assistant Ministers (Effective 3 March 2014)
Portfolio Minister
Minister in Chief Minister's Office & Minister of Special Functions
Post vacated
Assistant Minister for Islamic Affairs
Datuk Daud Abdul Rahman
Assistant Minister for Bumiputera Entrepreneur Development
Datuk Mohd Naroden Majais
Assistant Minister in Chief Minister's Office (Native Adat and Penan Affairs)
Datuk John Sikie Tayai
Assistant Minister in Chief Minister's Office (Promotion of Technical Education)
Datu Len Talif Salleh
Assistant Minister for Resource Planning
Datuk Mohd Naroden Majais
Assistant Minister for Environment
Datu Len Talif Salleh
Assistant Minister for Agriculture (Research & Marketing)
Datuk Mong Dagang
Assistant Minister for Agriculture (Farmers Organisation)
Datuk Sylvester Entri Muran
Assistant Minister for Rural Development (I)
Datuk Francis Harden Hollis
Assistant Minister for Rural Development (II) Julaihi Narawi
Assistant Minister of Land Development (NCR Development)
Datuk Gramong Juna
Assistant Minister of Land Development (Ladang Sejahtera,FELDA & FELCRA Dev't Programme in Coastal Areas) Datuk Abdul Wahab Aziz
Assistant Minister of Sports
Datuk Lee Kim Shin
Assistant Minister for Youth Development
Abdul Karim Rahman Hamzah
Assistant Minister for Culture & Heritage
Liwan Lagang
Assistant Minister for Community Services
Datuk Peter Nansian Ngusie
Assistant Minister for Local Government
Datuk John Sikie Tayai
Assistant Minister for Public Health
Dr.Jerip Susil

Committees[edit]

The State Assembly also consists of committees that handle administrative matters. The committees include:[13]

  • Rules of Proceedings and Elections Committee
  • Public Accounts Committee
  • Assembly Committee
  • Public Petitions Committee
  • Privileges Committee

Current composition[edit]

e • d Summary of the 16 April 2011 Sarawak State Assembly election results
Votes % of vote Seats % of seats +/–
Barisan Nasional: 372,379 55.36 55 77.46 Decrease8[nb 1]
Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu (PBB) 192,785 28.66 35 49.30 Steady
Sarawak United People's Party (SUPP) 111,781 16.62 6 8.45 Decrease6
Parti Rakyat Sarawak (PRS) 35,120 5.22 8 11.27 Steady
Sarawak Progressive Democratic Party (SPDP) 32,693 4.86 6 8.45 Decrease2
Pakatan Rakyat: 277,329 41.23 15 21.13 Increase8[nb 2]
Democratic Action Party (DAP) 134,847 20.05 12 16.90 Increase6
Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) 117,100 17.41 3 4.23 Increase2
Sarawak National Party (SNAP) 15,663 2.33 0 0.00 Steady
Islamic Party of Malaysia (PAS) 9,719 1.44 0 0.00 Steady
Parti Cinta Malaysia (PCM) 2,895 0.43 0 0.00 Decrease1
Independents 20,064 2.98 1 1.41 Increase1
Overall total 672,667 100.00 71 100.00 Steady

Source: Election Commission.[14] The Star (Malaysia).[15]

  1. ^ BN had an assemblyman (Larry Sng) who did not belong to any party. Sng did not contest the election and his seat (Pelagus) was won by an independent, counting as one additional loss for BN.
  2. ^ Coalition formed after previous election.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sejarah Dewan Undangan Negeri 1 (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  2. ^ Sejarah Dewan Undangan Negeri 2 (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  3. ^ "Sarawak state assembly increase number of reps to 82". The Malaysian Insider. 11 November 2004. Retrieved 12 November 2014. 
  4. ^ Kuasa Perundangan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  5. ^ Pengenalan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  6. ^ Fungsi (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  7. ^ Speaker (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  8. ^ Kerajaan Eksekutif (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  9. ^ Saai, John K (4 May 2011). "Formation of shadow cabinet unconstitutional — DUN Speaker". Borneo Post. Retrieved 16 May 2011. 
  10. ^ "Sarawk State Cabinet Sworn In". Bernama. 18 April 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  11. ^ "New ministry, seven new faces in Sarawak cabinet reshuffle latest!". Borneo Post. 28 September 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  12. ^ "Sarawak cabinet remains unchanged". Borneo Post. 3 March 2014. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  13. ^ Jawatankuasa Peraturan-peraturan Mesyuarat dan Pemilihan (in Malay). Dewan Undangan Negeri Sarawak. Accessed 14 June 2010
  14. ^ "Official results". Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  15. ^ "Sarawak Decides 2011: Results". The Star (Malaysia). Retrieved 22 April 2011. 

External links[edit]