Murad V

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Murad V
Caliph of Islam
Ottoman Sultan
Sultan Murad V of the Ottoman Empire.jpg
Reign 1876
Predecessor Abdülaziz
Successor Abdülhamid II
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Consort Eleru Kadın Efendi
Reftar-ı Dil Kadın Efendi
Şayan Kadın Efendi
Meyl-i Servet Kadın Efendi
Rezan Kadın Efendi
Cevherriz Hanım Efendi
Rems Şinaz Hanım Efendi
Filizten Hanım Efendi
Nevdürr Hanım Efendi
Visal-i Nur Hanım Efendi
Issue Şehzade Mehmed Selaheddin Efendi
Şehzade Suleiman Efendi
Hatice Sultan
Şehzade Seyfeddin Efendi
Fehime Sultan
Fatma Sultan
Aliye Sultan
Royal house House of Osman
Father Abdülmecid I
Mother Şevkefza Sultan
Born (1840-09-21)21 September 1840
Died 29 August 1904(1904-08-29) (aged 63)
Tughra
Religion Islam

Murad V (Ottoman Turkish: مراد خامس) (21/22 September 1840 – 29 August 1904) was the 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire who reigned from 30 May to 31 August 1876.

He was born at Constantinople,[1] Topkapı Palace. His father was Abdülmecid I. His mother, whom his father married in Constantinople on 1 August 1839, was Valide Sultan Shevkefza, (Poti, Mingrelian descent 12 December 1820 - Constantinople, Ortaköy, Çırağan Palace, 17 September 1889), originally named Vilma. He was born at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Constantinople.

Reign[edit]

Murad became the Sultan when his uncle Abdülaziz was deposed. He was highly influenced by French culture. He reigned for 93 days before being deposed on the grounds that he was supposedly mentally ill; however his opponents may simply have used those grounds to stop his implementation of democratic reforms.[2] As a result, he was unable to deliver the Constitution that his supporters had sought. The ensuing political instability caused by his ousting moved the empire closer to the disastrous war with Russia, then ruled by Alexander II.

He died at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Constantinople, and was buried in Constantinople on 30 August 1904. His brother, Abdul Hamid II, ascended the throne on 31 August 1876.

Personal life[edit]

Murad V was the first and only sultan member of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey. [3][4]

Marriages and children[edit]

First marriage and issue[edit]

He married firstly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 2 January 1857 to Georgian Eleru Mevhibe Kadın Efendi (Tbilisi, 6 August 1835 – Chichli, 21 February 1936), [5]

Second marriage and issue[edit]

He married secondly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 4 February 1859 to Azerbaijani Reftar-ı Dil Kadın Efendi (Ganja, 5 June 1838 – Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 3 March 1936), and had one child.[6]

Third marriage and issue[edit]

He married thirdly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 5 February 1869 to Caucasian Şayan Kadın Efendi (Hopa, Caucasus, 4 January 1853 – Ortaköy 15 March 1945), and had two children.[7]

Fourth marriage and issue[edit]

He married fourthly at Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, on 8 June 1874 to Georgian Meyliservet Kadın Efendi (Batumi, 21 October 1854 – Constantinople, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 9 December 1903), and had one child, HIH Princess Fehime Sultan.

Fifth marriage and issue[edit]

He married fifthly at Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, on 2 November 1877 to Georgian Rezan Kadın Efendi (Artvin, 28 March 1860 – Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 31 March 1910), and had two children.

Sixth marriage and issue[edit]

He married sixthly at Istanbul, Çırağan Palace, in 1879 to Circassian Cevherriz Hanım Efendi (1862–1940) without issue.

Seventh marriage and issue[edit]

He married seventhly at Istanbul, Çırağan Palace, in 1880 to Georgian Nevdürr Hanım Efendi (Batumi, Georgia, 1861 – Beşiktaş, Istanbul, 1927) without issue.

Tenth marriage and issue[edit]

He married eighthly at Istanbul, Çırağan Palace, in 1880s to Circassian Rems Şinaz Hanım Efendi (North Caucasus, 1864 - Istanbul, 1904 or 1934) without issue.

Ninth marriage and issue[edit]

He married ninthly at Istanbul, Çırağan Palace, in 1887 to Abkhazian Filizten Hanım Efendi (Pitsunda, Georgia, 1865 – Istanbul, 1945) without issue.

Tenth marriage and issue[edit]

He married tenthly at Istanbul, Çırağan Palace, to Visal-i Nur Hanım Efendi without issue.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Murad V
Born: 21 September 1840 Died: 29 August 1904
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Abdülâziz
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
30 May 1876 – 31 Aug 1876
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid II
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Abdülâziz
Caliph of Islam
30 May 1876 – 31 Aug 1876
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid II