Murad V

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Murad V
Caliph of Islam
Ottoman Sultan
Sultan Murad V of the Ottoman Empire.jpg
Reign 1876
Predecessor Abdülaziz
Successor Abdülhamid II
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Consort Eleru Kadınefendi
Reftarıdil Kadınefendi
Şayan Kadınefendi
Meyliservet Kadınefendi
Resan Hanımefendi
Cevherriz Hanımefendi
Nevdür Hanımefendi
Remişnaz Hanımefendi
Filizten Hanımefendi
Issue Şehzade Mehmed Selaheddin Efendi
Şehzade Suleiman Efendi
Hatice Sultan
Şehzade Seyfeddin Efendi
Fehime Sultan
Fatma Sultan
Aliye Sultan
Royal house House of Osman
Father Abdülmecid I
Mother Şevkefza Sultan
Born (1840-09-21)21 September 1840
Died 29 August 1904(1904-08-29) (aged 63)
Religion Islam
Tughra

Murad V (Ottoman Turkish: مراد خامس) (21/22 September 1840 – 29 August 1904) was the 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire who reigned from 30 May to 31 August 1876.

He was born at Constantinople,[1] Topkapı Palace. His father was Abdülmecid I. His mother, whom his father married in Constantinople on 1 August 1839, was Valide Sultan Şevkefza, (Poti, Georgia 12 December 1820 - Constantinople, Ortaköy, Çırağan Palace, 17 September 1889), an ethnic Abkhazian, daughter of Mehmed Bey Zaurum and his wife Cemile Hanım.[2] He was born at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Constantinople.

Reign[edit]

Murad became the Sultan when his uncle Abdülaziz was deposed. He was highly influenced by French culture. He reigned for 93 days before being deposed on the grounds that he was supposedly mentally ill; however his opponents may simply have used those grounds to stop his implementation of democratic reforms.[3] As a result, he was unable to deliver the Constitution that his supporters had sought. The ensuing political instability caused by his ousting moved the empire closer to the disastrous war with Russia, then ruled by Alexander II.

He died at Çırağan Palace, Ortaköy, Constantinople, and was buried in Constantinople on 30 August 1904. His brother, Abdul Hamid II, ascended the throne on 31 August 1876.

Personal life[edit]

Murad V was the first and only sultan member of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey.[4][5]

Marriages and children[edit]

Murad married nine times and had five children. His marriages were:

First marriage[edit]

He married firstly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 2 January 1857 to Georgian Eleru Mevhibe Kadınefendi (Tbilisi, 6 August 1835 – Chichli, 21 February 1936), daughter of Ahmed Bey Tarkanişvili,[6] without issue.

Second marriage and issue[edit]

He married secondly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 4 February 1859 to Abzakh[6] Reftarıdil Kadınefendi (North Caucasus, 5 June 1838 – Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 3 March 1936), daughter of Hatkoyuko Bey Hatko,[6] and had:

Third marriage and issue[edit]

He married thirdly at Istanbul, Beşiktaş, Beşiktaş Palace, on 5 February 1869 to Natukhai Şayan Kadınefendi (Anapa, Russia, 4 January 1853 – Ortaköy 15 March 1945), daughter of Batır Bey Zan,[6] and had:

  • Princess Hatice Sultan (Kurbağalıdere Köşkü, 5 May 1870 - 13 March 1938, Beirut, Lebanon and buried in Damascus), married firstly and divorced in 1900 to HH Damat Ali Galib Pasha (Istanbul, c. 1871 - Tashvikaya, Istanbul, 16 June 1950; married secondly and divorced in 4 November 1908 to HIH Princess Hatice Sultan), Vizier 1904, married secondly at the Yıldız Palace, 12 September 1901 and divorced at Ortaköy on 20 September 1908 to HH Damat Ali Vasif Pasha (c. 1870 - 1918), Vizier, married thirdly at the Ortaköy Palace, 1 May 1909 and divorced on 16 June 1918 to HH Damat Rauf Hayreddin Bey Efendi (1871 - Beirut, Lebanon 1936), Chief Sec. Foreign Ministry, son of Hayri Bey.

Fourth marriage and issue[edit]

He married fifthly at Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, on 8 June 1874 to Circassian Meyliservet Kadınefendi (Batumi, Georgia 21 October 1854 – Constantinople, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 9 December 1903), and had:

  • Princess Fehime Sultan (Dolmabahçe Palace, Istanbul, 2 August 1875 - Nice, France, 15 September 1929 and buried in Damascus), married firstly at the Yıldız Palace, 12 September 1901 and divorced at Ortaköy on 4 November 1908 to HH Damat Ali Galib Pasha ((Istanbul, c. 1871 - Tashvikaya, Istanbul, 16 June 1950), Vizier 1904, former husband of HIH Princess Hatice Sultan, married secondly at the Ortaköy Palace on 5 June 1910 (morganatical) and divorced in 1927 to Captain Mahmud Bey (Istanbul, c. 1880 - 19xx), late Imperial Ottoman Cavalry.

Fifth marriage and issue[edit]

He married fifthly at Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, on 2 November 1877 to Georgian Resan Hanımefendi (Artvin, 28 March 1860 – Istanbul, Ortaköy, Ortaköy Palace, 31 March 1910), daughter of Ömer Bey by his wife Fatma Hanım,[6] and had:

Sixth marriage[edit]

He married sixthly at Istanbul, Çırağan Palace, in 1879 to Ubykh Cevherriz Hanımefendi (Sochi, Russia, c. 1862 – Istanbul, c. 1940), daughter of Halil Bey,[6] without issue.

Seventh marriage[edit]

He married seventhly at Istanbul, Çırağan Palace, in 1880 to Georgian Nevdür Hanımefendi (Batumi, Georgia, c. 1861 – Beşiktaş, Istanbul, c. 1927), daughter of Rüstem Bey Nakaşvili by his wife Fevziye Hanım,[6] without issue.

Eighth marriage[edit]

He married eighthly at Istanbul, Çırağan Palace, in 1884 to Bzhedug Remişnaz Hanımefendi (North Caucasus, c. 1864 - Istanbul, c. 1934), daughter of Hasan Bey Topçu,[6] without issue.

Ninth marriage[edit]

He married ninthly at Istanbul, Çırağan Palace, in 1887 to Abkhazian Filizten Hanımefendi (Pitsunda, Georgia, c. 1865 – Erenköy, Istanbul, c. 1945), daughter of Prince Şahin Bey Çaabalurhva by his wife Princess Adilhan Loo,[6] without issue.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Britannica, Istanbul: Until the Turkish Post Office officially changed the name in 1930, however, the city continued to bear the millenary name of Constantinople.
  2. ^ İbrahim Pazan (2007). Padişah anneleri. Babıali Kültür Yayıncılığı. ISBN 978-9-944-11831-6. 
  3. ^ Palmer, Alan. The Decline and Fall of the Ottoman Empire, 1992. Page 141-143.
  4. ^ http://162.243.49.51/web/03_turkiye.html#5
  5. ^ http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/templars/knights_templars04.htm
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Harun Açba (2007). Kadın efendiler: 1839-1924. Profil. ISBN 978-9-759-96109-1. 

External links[edit]

Murad V
Born: 21 September 1840 Died: 29 August 1904
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Abdülâziz
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
30 May 1876 – 31 Aug 1876
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid II
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Abdülâziz
Caliph of Islam
30 May 1876 – 31 Aug 1876
Succeeded by
Abdul Hamid II