Nazeing

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Nazeing
Lower Nazeing - Nazeingbury Parade - geograph.org.uk - 202000.jpg
Nazeingbury Parade, Lower Nazeing
Nazeing is located in Essex
Nazeing
Nazeing
 Nazeing shown within Essex
Population 4,267 
OS grid reference TL42250622
Civil parish Nazeing
District Epping Forest
Shire county Essex
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Waltham Abbey
Postcode district SG12
Dialling code 01992
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament Harlow and District
List of places
UK
England
Essex

Coordinates: 51°44′12″N 0°03′31″E / 51.736687°N 0.058738°E / 51.736687; 0.058738

Nazeing is a parish with a population of approx 4,000 in Essex, England. As the village is five miles long, it is divided into Upper Nazeing, Middle and Lower Nazeing.[1] The Prime Meridian passes to the west of Lower Nazeing.

Location and topography[edit]

The Village is approximately four miles north of Waltham Abbey and one mile south west of Harlow in Essex, England and bounded on the west by the River Lea. Most of it is still rural, but during the past 40 years there has been a considerable development of market gardening, light industry, holiday fishing, and boating. The older village of Nazeing is separated by open farmland from the larger Lower Nazeing [2] to the west.

The affix 'bury' to Nazeingbury, applied to the communal graves dug to contain the bodies of plague victims, brought down by river barges from London. This area seems to be the extent of the funeral journeys, as graves were also dug at Broxbournebury and Wormleybury, within the district.

The land gradually rises from the river to a small hill and bowl-shaped plateau, about 270 ft. above sea level, in the east. Apart from the alluvium by the river, and a strip of gravel a little to the east of it, the soil is London clay. Nazeingwood Common, which covers much of the eastern plateau, was originally part of Waltham Forest, but in the 13th century was disafforested for pasture. It was ploughed up during the Second World War. From the common a small brook runs west through the middle of the parish.

History of Nazeing[edit]

Early[edit]

Potsherds of Iron Age A and fragments of Iron Age pots have been found in Nazeing which show that people have lived here for more than 2000 years.[3] Roman remains include burials found in Nazeing Mead, near the river. The original Saxon settlement was probably in the east of the parish, near the church. The position of this village, now called Upper Park Town, may have given Nazeing its name, which means 'settlers on a spur of land'.

The Domesday Book records Nazeing or Nasinga as follows: Canons of Waltham before and after 1066; Odo from Ranulf, brother of Ilger, and 2 freemen from him. ½ fishery.[4] The manuscript of 1086 records three entries one of which states the village having 7 villagers, 12 smallholders, 1 free man, 7 cattle and 30 pigs.[5]

White's Directory of Essex 1848 records NAZEING, or NASING, 5 miles North by East of Waltham Abbey,and from 1 to 3 miles East of Broxbourn Station on the North-Eastern Railway, is a picturesque parish of scattered houses, extending three miles eastward from the river Lea, to which it sends a small rivulet.

John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Nazeing in 1870-72 like this:- NAZEING, a village and a parish in Epping district, Essex. The village stands 2¼ miles E of the river Leaat the boundary with Herts, 3 E of Broxbourne r. station, and 4¼ N W of Epping; and has a post-office under Waltham Cross. The parish extends to the river Lea, and comprises 3,893 acres. Real property, £6,710. Pop., 763. Houses, 165...[6]

World War One[edit]

Nazeing contributed 153 men to serve in the armed forces during the first world war and the village has four war memorials, recording the names of the 28 men who went to war between 1914 and 1918 and never returned [7]

World War Two[edit]

One of World War II's carefully kept secrets was the building of dummy or decoy airfields.[8]

Nazeing Common was one of many sites, designed to be a decoy for nearby North Weald airfield. The land on the site is as it appears today, very hilly, not what one expects from an airfield. The lighting was mounted on wooden poles of varying lengths, so as to keep the proportion and angles right in its appearance from the air.[9] These sites were in operation from June 1940, but it is thought the Germans had detected Nazeing as a decoy site by the end of December. The site probably closed by the end of July 1941 as land was needed for increased agriculture. The decoy was originally built on common grazing land, and this was put to the plough in August 1941

Community[edit]

All Saints, Nazeing

Nazeing is said to be one of the largest villages in the UK. It is a hive of activity where business is concerned and boasts many good pubs, beautiful churches and excellent leisure facilities such as golf, sailing, walking, cycling.[10] It forms a civil parish of the Epping Forest district and has its own Parish Council.

The village has two Anglican places of worship: The modern Saint Giles Parish found in Lower Nazeing and All Saints' Church,[11] by far the older of the two. It also has a Congregational Church [12] founded in 1795 and located on Middle Street. Heavy rainfall has known to flood the village to the point that even All Saints Church, at the top of the hill, has been affected.

The village has a number of pubs: King Harolds Head,[13] Sun Inn,[14] Black Swan [15] and the Crooked Billet.

The former Ponds petrol station at Nazeing crossroads was bought from Total by the Nazeing Parish Council prior to auction in 2006, there ware plans for it to be made into a community hall however these were abandoned in 2013 due to escalating costs.[16] In 2014 the site is on the market after the Parish Council granted planning permission for six houses.[17]

The Crooked Billet, Lower Nazeing

Places of interest[edit]

Along the lane to Nazeing common, one passes several cottages and the old post office, all listed as Grade II buildings. Lodge Farm standing remotely on the edge of the common dates from 1777.

There is one Grade I and over 50 Grade II listed buildings in Nazeing including as least one listed K6 Telephone Kiosk which is in Betts Lane, to the South West of Mill Bungalow.[18] Nazeing contains the largest number of listed buildings within the Epping Forest District Council Conservation Areas [19] including the magnificent parish church - the Church of All Saints - in Betts Lane which dates from the 12th century and is listed Grade I.[20]

Nazeing Park estate - The Nazeing Park estate is a Grade II-listed Georgian mansion which can be seen from the Nazeing Common Road, it was built between 1780 and 1820 by William Palmer, a successful London merchant and the younger son of a prominent Leicestershire family.[21] The building has had a number of uses during its long history including family estate and "Boarding Special School for Maladjusted Pupils".[22][23] The present owner is believed to be BJ Smart, grandson and heir of the late ringmaster Billy Smart [24] although he was looking to sell at one time for a sum of £10 million.[25]

Bunkers at the Decoy Airfield, Nazeing.jpeg

World War II Bunkers - The command and control bunkers are listed by English Heritage (No. 1020391) [26] and still in good condition and were built away from the layout of the airfield so as to give the RAF crews that manned this site some protection. These buildings housed generators for powering the lighting and had an ops room where the lights were operated from, and where contact could be maintained by telephone to the controlling station i.e.: North Weald itself. The other bunker 100 ft further down the hill was used for shelter and a general area for sleeping and cooking. This site was in operation from June 1940, but it is thought the Germans had detected Nazeing as a decoy site by the end of December. The site probably closed by the end of July 1941 as land was needed for increased agriculture and this was put to the plough in August 1941. These bunkers can be located north of the Nazeing Brook on the Lodge Farm side.

Industry and Commerce[edit]

For most of its history Nazeing has been a rural parish with agriculture as the main occupation. The river Lea on the west and the forest on the south provided additional employment. During WWII Nazeing as part of the Lea Valley became increasingly important providing the country with much of its fresh salad produce. The Lea Valley also had numerous factories geared to Aircraft Repairs, Furniture Manufacture, Agro-Fertilisers, as well as Power Stations and Breweries some of which were located in and around Nazeing. During the past forty years in Nazeing there has been considerable development of market gardening and light industry near the river.

Market gardening and nurseries[edit]

The Lea Valley, particularly around Nazeing, is associated with market gardening, nurseries and garden centres. The industry once dominated the area in and around Nazeing, this also spawned industries such as Pan Britannica Industries and L F King & Son Ltd.[27] In the 1930s the Lea Valley contained the largest concentration of greenhouses in the world.[28] Today, in most parts south of Cheshunt the greenhouses have been replaced by residential areas.

Nazeing Glass works[edit]

Nazeing Glass works [29] - Glass making started on the site in 1928 when members of the Kempton family relocated their small glass works from Southwark in London to Nazeing. Nazeing Glass Works is one of the oldest surviving glass manufacturers in the UK and can identify itself in glass manufacturing history back to 1612 in Vauxhall. The registered company Nazeing Glass Works Limited was formed in 1931. In 1956 it was described as having one four-pot, four single-pot and one tank furnace all fired by heavy fuel oil.[30]

Gravel Extraction[edit]

The other major land use in Nazeing is gravel extraction which has been carried out for a number of years in this area by Redland Gravel Company [31] and possibly others and throughout the Nazeing area evidence of this extraction can be seen, such as the artificial lakes. However, many of the lakes have now been turned into leisure areas when extraction has been compelted for use as water sports facilities and used by sailing clubs,[32] water sports enthusiasts and to provide fishing areas.

Education facilities[edit]

Nazeing has its own primary school[33] - Nazeing Primary School is a Community School for children aged 4 to 11 years and is maintained by Essex County Council. The school is mixed gender and had 254 pupils on the school roll in 2014.[34] Pupils come to the school from the local village community as well as from the neighbouring towns of Harlow and Waltham Abbey.[35]

Nazeing Pre-School[36] - Nazeing Pre-School is an Ofsted inspected [37] pre-school for 3 and 4 year old children.

Sport and leisure[edit]

Nazeing is home to a golf course,[38] a Gym [39] and has a number of youth football teams [40] which play at Bumbles Green Leisure Centre.

Nazeing Common Cricket Club [41] - Established in 1883 the club is currently running two sides on a Saturday and two sides on a Sunday.

There are many places for fishing in and around the village of Nazeing for example Nazeing Meads [42] which is run by Lee Valley Regional Park Authority [43]

There are also good water sports facilities in and around Nazeing for activities such as sailing,[44] some of which utilise the lakes which have been formed from previous gravel extraction activerties. For example the Broxbourne Sailing Club is actually located at Meadgate Road in Nazeing [45] on the lakes formed by previous gravel extraction works.

Redwings Horse Sanctuary [46] - The Ada Cole Rescue Centre, Broadley Common, Nazeing is home to around 70 horses, ponies and donkeys and is open to the public. In October 2005 Redwings merged with the Ada Cole Memorial Stables, a rescue centre established in memory of an amazing lady who campaigned for animal welfare.[47]

People from Nazeing[edit]

  • John Eliot (1604–90), the 'Indian Apostle' in Massachusetts, lived at Nazeing as a boy.
  • Ronald Hickman OBE (21 October 1932 – 17 February 2011) the inventor of the "Workmate" lived in “Badgers,” Middle St., Nazeing, for a period of time (around 1971 [48]) before moving to Jersey. Ron Hickman was a South African-born, Jersey-based car designer and inventor who designed the original Lotus Elan, the Lotus Elan +2 and the Lotus Europa, as well as the Workmate.
  • Alan Pond (1926 - February 8, 2008). His business pioneered the idea of self-service filling stations, a system which although novel at the time, caught on to such an extent that it is now almost universal. The station at Nazeing crossroads, which was the first of Mr. Pond's empire, is believed to have been the first self-service garage in the country.[49]
  • Mark Bristow MBE[53] (born 8 July 1962). Mark Bristow was Born in Nazeing and currently resides in Sacramento, California and is related to the darts player, Eric Bristow. Mark was a double Cycling Paralympic Champion and announced his retirement from the GB Para-Cycling Team in 2011 after six successful years on the team.[54]
  • BJ Smart (Circus Owner and Businessman) - After the death of Billy Smart Jr in 2005, BJ Smart (grandson of the original circus owner Billy Smart Sr. (1894 – 1966)) purchased The Nazeing Park estate for £3,500,000 where he lived with his sister Baccara, an artist, and their mother, Hannelore, the widow of Billy Smart Junior.[55]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.visitoruk.com/Harlow/nazeing-C592-V10767.html
  2. ^ http://www.oneeppingforest.org.uk/documents/LowerNazeing.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.efdhistory.org.uk/locations/nazeing
  4. ^ http://www.domesdaybook.co.uk/essex3.html#nazeing
  5. ^ http://www.domesdaymap.co.uk/place/TL4106/nazeing/
  6. ^ http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/6836
  7. ^ http://www.hertfordshiremercury.co.uk/World-War-changed-village-life-forever/story-21989996-detail/story.html#ixzz3IH1rTMZO
  8. ^ http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/2551737
  9. ^ http://nellyurbex.blogspot.co.uk/2011/05/decoy-airfield-nazeing-essex-april-2011.html
  10. ^ http://www.nazeingparishcouncil.org/index.htm
  11. ^ http://www.nazeingchurch.co.uk/about
  12. ^ http://www.nazeingchapel.co.uk
  13. ^ http://www.kingharoldshead.co.uk/
  14. ^ http://www.mcmullens.co.uk/suninn
  15. ^ http://www.theblackswannazeing.co.uk/
  16. ^ http://www.nazeingparishcouncil.org/totalsite_plans/1401_totalsiteletter.pdf
  17. ^ http://www.hertfordshiremercury.co.uk/Nazeing-Total-site-goes-sale/story-22188722-detail/story.html#ixzz3I8k00kNx
  18. ^ http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/england/essex/nazeing
  19. ^ http://www.eppingforestdc.gov.uk/index.php/residents/planning-and-building/conservation-areas-and-listed-buildings/conservation-areas
  20. ^ http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/resultsingle.aspx?uid=1111135
  21. ^ http://edithsstreets.blogspot.co.uk/2011/12/nazeing-brook-nazeing-brook-flows-west.html
  22. ^ http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/redirect/?CATID=4652481&CATLN=6&CATID=4652481&CATLN=6&accessmethod=5&j=1
  23. ^ http://wellsparkprimary-sch.org.uk/our-history
  24. ^ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/property/article-1211768/My-23m-Smart-How-circus-heir-selling-sumptuous-properties-fund-latest-venture.html
  25. ^ http://www.dailymail.co.uk/property/article-1211768/My-23m-Smart-How-circus-heir-selling-sumptuous-properties-fund-latest-venture.html
  26. ^ http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/resultsingle.aspx?uid=1020391
  27. ^ http://www.taylorfuelcontrol.com/about-us
  28. ^ History of the Lea Valley greenhouse industry
  29. ^ http://www.nazeing-glass-factoryshop.co.uk/PBCPPlayer.asp?ID=1175753
  30. ^ http://www.glassmaking-in-london.co.uk/later-glasshouses
  31. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/domesday/dblock/GB-536000-204000/page/8
  32. ^ http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/157505
  33. ^ http://www.nazeing.essex.sch.uk
  34. ^ http://www.nazeing.essex.sch.uk/attachments/download.asp?file=179&type=pdf
  35. ^ http://www.nazeing.essex.sch.uk/page/?title=About+Us&pid=2
  36. ^ http://www.nazeingpreschool.co.uk/?page=home
  37. ^ http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/inspection-reports/find-inspection-report/provider/CARE/650108
  38. ^ http://www.nazeinggolfclub.co.uk/contacts.html
  39. ^ http://www.averagejoesgymnasium.com
  40. ^ http://www.pitchero.com/clubs/nazeingyouthfootballclub
  41. ^ http://rsdesign.org/sites/NCCC
  42. ^ http://www.visitleevalley.org.uk/en/content/cms/outdoors/places-to-fish/nazeing-meads/#overview
  43. ^ http://www.leevalleypark.org.uk/en/content/cms/corporate/about-us/
  44. ^ http://www.fishersgreensc.org.uk/fgsc/index.php/club-information
  45. ^ http://www.broxbournesailingclub.co.uk/contact.php
  46. ^ http://www.essextouristguide.com/Nazeing/Redwings_Horse_Sanctuary_1116.asp
  47. ^ http://www.redwings.org.uk/visiting/ada-cole-rescue-centre
  48. ^ http://patentimages.storage.googleapis.com/pdfs/US3615087.pdf
  49. ^ http://www.harlowstar.co.uk/Tributes-paid-petrol-station-pioneer/story-21921213-detail/story.html
  50. ^ http://www.ourbroxbourne.org.uk/page_id__376.aspx
  51. ^ http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=lvYFgF3WWvIC&pg=PA181&lpg=PA181&dq=cliff+richard+house+in+Nazeing&source=bl&ots=hmJxvfGS89&sig=nQwCf-H41iUwJaumn-0BsSk_lOw&hl=en&sa=X&ei=94FmVO_2MYLOaLz1gvgL&ved=0CGAQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=cliff%20richard%20house%20in%20Nazeing&f=false
  52. ^ https://sites.google.com/site/50yearsofcliffrichard
  53. ^ http://www.debretts.com/people-of-today/profile/26645/Mark-BRISTOW
  54. ^ http://www.britishcycling.org.uk/disability/article/dis20110426-Mark-Bristow-Announces-Retirement-0
  55. ^ http://thesteepletimes.com/opulence-splendour/a-smart-move

External links[edit]