Outline of Djibouti

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The location of Djibouti
An enlargeable relief map of the Republic of Djibouti

Djibouti (jee-BOO-tee; Arabic: جيبوتيJībūtī, French: Djibouti, Somali: Jabuuti, Afar: Gabuuti), officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden at the east. Djibouti occupies a total area of just 23,200 km2 (8,958 sq mi).

In antiquity, the territory was part of the Land of Punt. The Djibouti area, along with other localities in the Horn region, was later the seat of the medieval Adal and Ifat Sultanates. In the late 19th century, the colony of French Somaliland was established following treaties signed by the ruling Somali and Afar Sultans with the French.[1][2][3] It was subsequently renamed to the French Territory of the Afars and the Issas in 1967. A decade later, the Djiboutian people voted for independence. This officially marked the establishment of the Republic of Djibouti, named after its capital city. Djibouti joined the United Nations the same year, on September 20, 1977.[4][5] In the early 1990s, tensions over government representation led to armed conflict, which ended in a power sharing agreement in 2000 between the ruling party and the opposition.[6]

Djibouti is a multi-ethnic nation, with a population of over 790,000 inhabitants. The Somali and Afar make up the two largest ethnic groups. Both speak Afro-Asiatic languages, which serve as recognized national languages. Arabic and French constitute the country's two official languages. About 94% of residents adhere to Islam, a religion that has been predominant in the region for more than 1,000 years.[6]

Djibouti is strategically located near the world's busiest shipping lanes, controlling access to the Red Sea and Indian Ocean. It serves as a key refueling and transshipment center, and is the principal maritime port for imports to and exports from neighboring Ethiopia. A burgeoning commercial hub, the nation is the site of various foreign military bases, including Camp Lemonnier. The Intergovernmental Authority on Development regional body also has its headquarters in Djibouti City.[6]

General reference[edit]

An enlargeable basic map of Djibouti

Geography of Djibouti[edit]

An enlargeable topographic map of Djibouti
Main article: Geography of Djibouti
 Ethiopia 349 km
 Eritrea 109 km
 Somalia 58 km
  • Coastline: 314 km

Environment of Djibouti[edit]

An enlargeable satellite image of Djibouti

Natural geographic features of Djibouti[edit]

Regions of Djibouti[edit]

Main article: Regions of Djibouti

Ecoregions of Djibouti[edit]

Main article: Ecoregions in Djibouti

Administrative divisions of Djibouti[edit]

See: Administrative divisions of Djibouti
Regions of Djibouti[edit]
Main article: Regions of Djibouti
Districts of Djibouti[edit]
Main article: Districts of Djibouti
Municipalities of Djibouti[edit]

Demography of Djibouti[edit]

Main article: Demographics of Djibouti

Government and politics of Djibouti[edit]

Main article: Government of Djibouti and Politics of Djibouti

Branches of the government of Djibouti[edit]

Main article: Politics of Djibouti

Executive branch of the government of Djibouti[edit]

Legislative branch of the government of Djibouti[edit]

Judicial branch of the government of Djibouti[edit]

Foreign relations of Djibouti[edit]

International organization membership[edit]

The Republic of Djibouti is a member of:[6]

Law and order in Djibouti[edit]

Main article: Law of Djibouti

Djibouti Armed Forces[edit]

Main article: Djibouti Armed Forces

Local government in Djibouti[edit]

History of Djibouti[edit]

Main article: History of Djibouti, Timeline of the history of Djibouti, and Current events of Djibouti

Culture of Djibouti[edit]

Main article: Culture of Djibouti

Art in Djibouti[edit]

Sports in Djibouti[edit]

Main article: Sports in Djibouti

Economy and infrastructure of Djibouti[edit]

Main article: Economy of Djibouti

Education in Djibouti[edit]

Main article: Education in Djibouti

Health in Djibouti[edit]

Main article: Health in Djibouti

See also[edit]

Main article: Djibouti


  1. ^ Raph Uwechue, Africa year book and who's who, (Africa Journal Ltd.: 1977), p.209.
  2. ^ Hugh Chisholm (ed.), The encyclopædia britannica: a dictionary of arts, sciences, literature and general information, Volume 25, (At the University press: 1911), p.383.
  3. ^ A Political Chronology of Africa, (Taylor & Francis), p.132.
  4. ^ "Today in Djibouti History". Historyorb.com. Retrieved April 27, 2011. 
  5. ^ "United Nations member states". Un.org. Retrieved 2011-04-27. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Djibouti". The World Factbook. CIA. February 5, 2013. Retrieved February 26, 2013. 
  7. ^ The only glaciers in Africa are on Mt Kenya (in Kenya), on Kilimanjaro (in Tanzania), and in the Ruwenzori Mountains (which are located in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). See Proceedings of the Riederalp Workshop, September 1978; Actes de l'Atelier de Riederalp, septembre 1978): IAHS-AISH Publ. no. 126, 1980.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Atlas of Djibouti