Panaeolus cambodginiensis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Panaeolus cambodginiensis
Panaeolus cambodginiensis 83012.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Bolbitiaceae
Genus: Panaeolus
Species: P. cambodginiensis
Binomial name
Panaeolus cambodginiensis
Ola'h & R.Heim
Synonyms

Copelandia cambodginiensis (Ola'h & R.Heim) Singer & R.A.Weeks

Panaeolus cambodginiensis
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium
cap is convex
hymenium is adnexed
stipe is bare
spore print is black
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: psychoactive

Panaeolus cambodginiensis is a potent hallucinogenic mushroom that contains psilocybin and psilocin. It was described in 1979 as Copelandia cambodginiensis.[1]

Description[edit]

The cap is less than 23 mm across, with a convex shape and an incurved margin when young, expanding to broadly convex. The cap surface is smooth, often cracking with irregular fissures. The gills are gray to black. The stem is 5 to 10 centimetres (2.0 to 3.9 in) tall, 4 mm thick, and slightly swollen at the base. The spores are black, shaped like lemons, smooth, measuring 11 x 8 µm. The entire mushroom quickly bruises blue where it is handled.

It can be differentiated from the similar Panaeolus cyanescens by microscopic characteristics.

Habitat and distribution[edit]

Panaeolus cambodginiensis is mushroom that grows on dung of water buffalo. It was first described from Cambodia and is widespread throughout the Asian subtropics and Hawaii.

Alkaloid Content[edit]

Strongly bluing species. Merlin and Allen (1993) reported the presence of psilocybin and psilocin, up to .55% and .6%, respectively.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weeks RA, Singer R, Hearns WL. (1979). "A new species of Copelandia". Lloydia 42 (5): 469–74. 
  2. ^ Stamets, Paul (1996). Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World. Berkeley: Ten Speed Press. ISBN 0-9610798-0-0. 
  • Stamets, Paul (1996). Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World. Berkeley: Ten Speed Press. ISBN 0-9610798-0-0. 

External links[edit]