Party of the European Left

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Party of the European Left
President Pierre Laurent
Founded 8–9 May 2004
Headquarters rue Parnasse / Parnassusstraat 30
1050 Brussels, Belgium
Youth wing European Network of Democratic Young Left
Ideology Democratic socialism
Political position Left-wing
International affiliation None
European Parliament group European United Left–Nordic Green Left
Colours Red
Website
http://www.european-left.org/
Politics of the European Union
Political parties
Elections

The Party of the European Left, commonly abbreviated European Left (EL), is a European political party which operates as an association of democratic socialist, socialist[1] and communist[1] political parties in the European Union and other European countries. It was formed in January 2004 for the purposes of running in the 2004 European Parliament elections. PEL was founded on 8–9 May 2004 in Rome.[2] Elected MEPs from member parties of the European Left sit in the European United Left–Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL) group in the European parliament.

Its first congress took place on 8 October 2005, in Athens, which produced the Athens Declaration of the European Left. The second congress was held 23–25 November 2007 in Prague.[3] The third congress was held on 2–5 December 2010 in Paris.[4][5][6] Its fourth congress held on 13–15 December 2013 in Madrid.[7]

Several of the member and observer parties participate also in the more radical European Anti-Capitalist Left. Before the European Left was founded, most of its members already held annual meetings together as part of the New European Left Forum (NELF),[8] which still exists.

Member parties[edit]

Country Party National MPs European MPs
 Austria Communist Party of Austria 0 0
 Belgium ( Wallonia) Communist Party 0 0
 Belarus Belarusian Left Party "A Just World"[9] 0
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Left[10] 0 0
 Czech Republic Party of Democratic Socialism 0 0
 Denmark Red-Green Alliance[11]
12 / 179
0
 Estonia Estonian United Left Party 0 0
 Finland Communist Party of Finland[12] 0 0
Left Alliance[9]
14 / 200
1 / 13
 France French Communist Party
7 / 577
19 / 348
2 / 74
Left Party[11]
0 / 577
0 / 348
1 / 74
Unitarian Left[11]
0 / 577
0 / 348
0 / 74
 Germany The Left[13]
64 / 631
7 / 96
 Greece SYRIZA
71 / 300
6 / 21
 Hungary Workers' Party of Hungary 2006[9] 0 0
 Italy Communist Refoundation Party 0
1 / 73
 Luxembourg The Left
2 / 60
0
 Portugal Left Bloc
8 / 230
2 / 22
 Moldova Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova
42 / 101
 Romania Socialist Alliance Party 0 0
 San Marino Sammarinese Communist Refoundation
3 / 60
 Slovenia United Left
6 / 90
0 / 8
 Spain United Left
11 / 350
4 / 54
Communist Party of Spain in group of United Left in group of United Left
United and Alternative Left in group of United Left in group of United Left
  Switzerland Swiss Party of Labour 0
 Turkey Freedom and Solidarity Party[14] 0
Pierre Laurent, President of the EL

Observer parties[edit]

Country Party National MPs European MPs
 Belgium ( Wallonia) Another Left[15] 0 0
 Cyprus Progressive Party of Working People
19 / 56
2 / 6
 Czech Republic Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
33 / 200
3 / 21
 Germany German Communist Party 0 0
 Italy Party of Italian Communists 0 0
 Northern Cyprus New Cyprus Party[16] 0
 Northern Cyprus United Cyprus Party[17] 0
 Slovakia Communist Party of Slovakia 0 0

As well as those of member and observer parties, individuals may also hold membership of the party.[18]

Pending for membership[edit]

The following parties have applied for a membership in the Party of the European Left. Their observer or full membership status will be discussed on the next meeting of the Executive Board.[19]

 Austria Socio-ecological platform Bukersdorf
 Ukraine United Left and Peasants

Former members[edit]

 Belgium Communist Party[20]
 Hungary Hungarian Communist Workers' Party[21]
 Poland Young Socialists[22]

References/Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
  2. ^ Kate Hudson (19 June 2012). The New European Left: A Socialism for the Twenty-First Century?. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 46–. ISBN 978-1-137-26511-1. 
  3. ^ Press release of the EL Executive Board meeting in Tallinn, May 2007
  4. ^ "European Left convenes third congress in Paris". Retrieved 2010-01-19. 
  5. ^ "Executive board met in Luxembourg: Countdown to the Congress". Party of the European Left. 15 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-13. 
  6. ^ "EL elects new President and vice-chairpersons!". Party of the European Left. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  7. ^ "Convention of the 4th Congress of the Party of the European Left". Party of the European Left. 12 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-19. 
  8. ^ "Some remarks concerning the creation of the Party of the European Left". Official European Left site. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  9. ^ a b c Approved as a full member by the Executive Board of the PEL in Geneva in October 2009. "The EL Executive Board settles the agenda for 2010". Party of the European Left. 25 October 2009. Retrieved 2010-12-07.  The decision was ratified by PEL's 3rd congress in December 2010. "EL elects new President and vice-chairpersons!". Party of the European Left. 6 October 2009. Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
  10. ^ Approved as a full member by the Executive Board of the PEL in Luxembourg in September 2010. "Executive board met in Luxembourg: Countdown to the Congress". Party of the European Left. 15 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-13.  The decision was ratified by PEL's 3rd congress in December 2010. "EL elects new President and vice-chairpersons!". Party of the European Left. 6 October 2009. Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
  11. ^ a b c Approved as a full member by the Executive Board of the PEL in Barcelona in June 2010. It had an observer status before. The decision was ratified by PEL's 3rd congress in December 2010. "EL elects new President and vice-chairpersons!". Party of the European Left. 6 October 2009. Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
  12. ^ The Communist Party of Finland changed its status from observer to full member party in October 2009. The decision was ratified by PEL's 3rd congress in December 2010. "EL elects new President and vice-chairpersons!". Party of the European Left. 6 October 2009. Retrieved 2010-12-07. 
  13. ^ The Left Party.PDS was a founding party of PEL. Labour and Social Justice – The Electoral Alternative had been approved as a full member by the Executive Board of the PEL by May 2007. After the unification of the two parties in The Left (Die Linke) in June 2007, the new party became full member of the PEL
  14. ^ Approved as a full member by the Executive Board of the PEL in May 2007. The decision was ratified by PEL's 2nd congress.
  15. ^ Approved as an observer by the EL Council Meeting of Chairmen and EL EB, in Lisbon 19–21 October 2007
  16. ^ Approved in observer status by the Executive Board of the PEL in Geneva in October 2009. [tt_news=2230&tx_ttnews[backPid]=7 "Welcome to four new Members!"]. Party of the European Left. 25 October 2009. Retrieved 2012-10-24. 
  17. ^ Approved in observer status by the Executive Board of the PEL in Luxembourg in September 2010. "Executive board met in Luxembourg: Countdown to the Congress". Party of the European Left. 15 September 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-13. 
  18. ^ EL statute, article six
  19. ^ "Towards a democratic revolution/". 28 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-21. 
  20. ^ The Communist Party in Flanders ceast its existence in 2009. Now the Communist Party in Wallonia and Brussels works as a unitary party.
  21. ^ The Hungarian Communist Workers' Party was a founding party of PEL. Its Central Committee decided on 25 April 2009 to signout from PEL on 1 May making use of article 6 of PEL's statute. "Resolution of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Communist Workers’ Party". Central Committee of the Hungarian Communist Workers’ Party. 25 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  22. ^ Approved in observer status by the PEL's Second Congress in November 2007

See also[edit]

External links[edit]