|Born||August 15, 1953|
Paul Gulacy (born August 15, 1953) is an American comic book illustrator best known for his work for DC Comics and Marvel Comics, and for drawing one of the first graphic novels, Eclipse Enterprises' 1978 Sabre: Slow Fade of an Endangered Species, with writer Don McGregor. Paul was hired by Marvel Comics while still a student at The Art Institute of Pittsburgh, Gulacy made his mark on a series that epitomized the alternative to the super-hero set: the martial arts-cum-spy epic Master of Kung-Fu.
Early life and career
Paul Gulacy began freelancing for Marvel Comics as penciler of the 15-page story "Morbius, the Living Vampire" in Adventure into Fear #20 (cover-dated Feb. 1974), written by Mike Friedrich and inked by Jack Abel. Following an inking assignment, over penciler Bob Brown on Daredevil #108 (March 1974), he began work on the character with which he became most associated, the philosophical martial artist/secret agent Shang-Chi in the comic Master of Kung Fu (cover-billed as The Hands of Shang-Chi: Master of Kung Fu) #18 (June 1974), inked by Al Milgrom. That initial story and one the next issue were written by Steve Englehart, but issue #20 (Sept. 1974), co-written by Gerry Conway and Doug Moench, and the same month's Giant-Size Master of Kung Fu #1, written by Moench, marked the beginning of an Moench-Gulacy collaboration on the increasingly complex, cinematic feature about the son of longtime pulp fiction supervillain Fu Manchu, who teams with British intelligence to bring down his father's labyrinthine plans for global domination. With some exceptions, the writer-penciler team would continue through a serialized arc to issue #50 (March 1977), culminating with the apparent death of Fu Manchu. Comics historian Les Daniels observed that "Ingenious writing by Doug Moench and energetic art by Paul Gulacy brought Master of Kung Fu new life." In 2010, Comics Bulletin ranked Moench and Gulacy's work on Master of Kung-Fu sixth on its list of the "Top 10 1970s Marvels".
In the later 1970s, Gulacy took on occasional other assignments, including the covers of the science fiction film adaptation Logan's Run #6 (June 1977) and of the Western The Rawhide Kid #147 (Sept. 1978), both for Marvel; and a 10-page preview of the graphic novel Sabre: Slow Fade of an Endangered Species, with writer Don McGregor, in the comics-magazine Heavy Metal vol. 2, #2 (June 1978; mislabeled "vol. 3, #2" in indicia);
With writer Don McGregor, Gulacy created one of the first modern graphic novels, Eclipse Books' Sabre: Slow Fade of an Endangered Species. Published in August 1978 — two months before Will Eisner's more famous, graphic short-story collection A Contract with God — it was the first graphic novel to be sold in the new "direct market" of comic-book stores. Described on the credits page as a "comic novel" (the term "graphic novel" not being in common usage at the time), the trade paperback was priced at a then-considerable $6.00. It helped prove the new format's viability by going into a February 1979 second printing. Eclipse would publish a 10th-anniversary edition (hardcover ISBN 0-913035-65-3; trade paperback ISBN 0-913035-59-9) with a new Gulacy cover. A 20th-anniversary edition was published by Image Comics in 1998, and a 30th anniversary edition by Desperado Publishing in 2009.
In 1979 and 1980, Gulacy drew several horror/sci-fi/fantasy stories for Warren Publishing's black-and-white comics magazines Eerie, Vampirella, and Warren Presents; some were reprinted in Eclipse Comics Nightmares #1-2 in 1985. Gulacy also drew the cover and the six-page story "Libido", written by his Master of Kung Fu colleague Doug Moench, in the comics magazine Epic Illustrated #3 (Fall 1980).
Along with the covers for independent publisher Capital Comics' superhero title Nexus #1-2 (1981–1982), Gulacy drew covers and an occasional story for such anthology series as Marvel's Marvel Preview and Bizarre Adventures and Eclipse Comics' Eclipse: The Magazine. In 1983, he drew several covers for independent AC Comics' Black Diamond, Americomics, Starmasters, and Femforce Special before reteaming with Moench on the four-issue, creator-owned Epic Comics miniseries Six from Sirius (July-Oct. 1984) and its four-issue sequel, Six from Sirius II (Dec. 1985 - March 1986).
Through the remainder of the decade, he drew primarily for Eclipse (the company's revival of the 1940s series Airboy and a new spin-off, Valkyrie) and Dark Horse Comics. Gulacy also broke into DC Comics with Batman #393-394 (March–April 1986), and the six-issue miniseries Slash Maraud (Nov. 1987 - April 1988), co-created with Moench. The two also collaborated on a series of eight-page chapters starring the superhero Coldblood which ran in the biweekly omnibus Marvel Comics Presents #26-25 (Aug.-Nov. 1989).
Among the many titles Gulacy has drawn are the DC Comics Batman, Legends of the Dark Knight, Batman: Prey, Batman: Outlaws, Year One: Batman/Ra's al Ghul, Catwoman, Green Lantern: Dragon Lord and JSA: Classified; Acclaim Comics' Eternal Warrior and Turok, Dinosaur Hunter; Dark Horse Comics' Star Wars: Crimson Empire; and Penthouse Comix's Omni Comix.
In 2002, he combined his interest in science-fiction and spy stories in DC Comics' S.C.I. Spy, and that same year returned to his signature character with his and Doug Moench's six-issue Marvel miniseries Shang-Chi: Master of Kung Fu (Nov. 2002 - April 2003). Other Marvel work includes collaborations with writer Marc Guggenheim on the four-issue miniseries Squadron Supreme: Hyperion vs. Nighthawk (March–June 2007) and with writer Cary Bates on True Believers.
Comic books (interior pencil art) includes:
- Batman #393-394 (with Doug Moench, 1986)
- Batman: Legends of the Dark Knight #11-14, 137-141 (with Doug Moench, 1990–2001)
- Batman: Outlaws (with Doug Moench, 2000)
- Batman vs. Predator II: Bloodmatch (with Doug Moench, 1995)
- Catwoman #25-40 (with Ed Brubaker, 2004–05)
- Green Lantern: Dragon Lord (with Doug Moench, 2001)
- JSA Classified #10-13 (with Stuart Moore, 2006)
- Jonah Hex (vol. 2) #12 (with Justin Gray/Jimmy Palmiotti, 2006)
- Slash Maraud (with Doug Moench, 1987–88)
- Reload (pencils, with Warren Ellis, Wildstorm, 2003)
- Sci-Spy #1-6 (mini-series) (writer/artist, with co-author Doug Moench, Vertigo, 2002)
- Conan: The Skull of Set (graphic novel, with Doug Moench, 1989)
- Master of Kung Fu #1-6 (with Doug Moench, 2002–03)
- Marvel Comics Presents #26-35; (Shanna the She-Devil feature) #68-77 (with Gerard Jones, 1991)
- Master of Kung Fu #18-50 (with Doug Moench, 1974–76)
- Penance: Relentless (with Paul Jenkins, 2007)
- True Believers #1-5 (mini-series) (with Cary Bates, 2008)
- James Bond 007: Serpent's Tooth (with Doug Moench)
- Star Wars: Crimson Empire (with Mike Richardson/Randy Stradley, 1998)
- Star Wars: Crimson Empire II (with Mike Richardson/Randy Stradley, 1999)
- Terminator: Secondary Objectives (pencils, with James Robinson, 1991)
- Tom Strong #34 (with Steve Moore and inks by Jimmy Palmiotti, America's Best Comics, 2006)
- Sabre (with Don McGregor, Eclipse Comics, 1978)
- Six from Sirius #1-4 (with Doug Moench, Epic Comics, 1984)
- Six from Sirius II #1-4 (with Doug Moench, Epic Comics, 1986)
- Valkyrie #1-3 (mini-series, with Chuck Dixon, Eclipse Comics, 1988)
Books and compilations
- Spies, Vixens, and Masters of Kung Fu: The Art of Paul Gulacy edited by Michael Kronenberg and J. David Spurlock, 128 pages, Vanguard Press, November 2005, ISBN 978-1-887591-74-4
- 1977: Winner of the Favourite Continued Comic Story Award at the Eagle Awards for Master of Kung Fu #48-51 with Doug Moench
- 1977: Nominated for Favourite Comic Book Artist Award at the Eagle Awards
- 1979: Winner of the Favourite Cover Award at the Eagle Awards for Master of Kung Fu #67
- 1988: Nominated for "Best Art Team" Eisner Award, for Valkyrie, with Will Blyberg
- 1997: Winner of the Haxtur Award for "Best Artist"
- 1997: Nominated of the Haxtur Award for "Best Long Story"
- 1999: Nominated of the Haxtur Award for "Best Long Story"
- 2003: Nominated of the Haxtur Award for "Best Cover"
- Miller, John Jackson (June 10, 2005). "Comics Industry Birthdays". Comics Buyer's Guide. Archived from the original on October 29, 2010.
- "Paul Gulacy". Lambiek Comiclopedia. May 31, 2013. Archived from the original on August 11, 2013.
- "Paul Gulacy". The Art Institute of Pittsburgh.
- Paul Gulacy at the Grand Comics Database
- Daniels, Les (1991). Marvel: Five Fabulous Decades of the World's Greatest Comics. Harry N. Abrams. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-8109-3821-2.
- Sacks, Jason (September 6, 2010). "Top 10 1970s Marvels". Comics Bulletin. Archived from the original on August 3, 2013. Retrieved August 3, 2013.
- Heavy Metal Magazine #v3#02 at the Grand Comics Database
- Richards, Dave (July 21, 2008). "Keep 'Em Honest: Bates on 'True Believers". ComicBookResources.com. Archived from the original on February 7, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
- "Eagle Awards 1977". Eagle Awards. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012.
- "Eagle Awards 1979". Eagle Awards. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012.
- "1988 Will Eisner Comic Industry Award Nominees". HahnLibrary.net. Archived from the original on July 23, 2012.
- "1997 Haxtur Awards". HahnLibrary.net. Archived from the original on March 18, 2012.
- "1999 Haxtur Awards". HahnLibrary.net. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012.
- "2003 Haxtur Awards". HahnLibrary.net. Archived from the original on March 4, 2012.
- Official website
- Paul Gulacy at the Comic Book DB
- Paul Gulacy at Mike's Amazing World of Comics
- Paul Gulacy at Marvel.com
- Paul Gulacy at the Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators