Phoenix International Raceway
Phoenix International Raceway in November 2011
|Location||7602 S Avondale Boulevard
Avondale, Arizona 85323
|Owner||International Speedway Corporation|
|Major events||NASCAR Sprint Cup Series
NASCAR Nationwide Series
NASCAR Camping World Truck Series
|Length||1 mi (1.6 km)|
|Banking||Turns 1 and 2 – 10–12°
Turns 3 and 4 – 8–9°
Backstretch – 10–12°
Frontstretch – 3°
|Lap record||183.559 mph (Arie Luyendyk, , 1996, IndyCar Series)|
|Length||1.51 mi (2.43 km)|
Phoenix International Raceway, also known as PIR, is a one-mile, low-banked tri-oval race track located in Avondale, Arizona. The motorsport track opened in 1964 and currently hosts two NASCAR race weekends annually. PIR has also hosted the IndyCar Series, CART, USAC and the Rolex Sports Car Series. The raceway is currently owned and operated by International Speedway Corporation.
The raceway was originally constructed with a 2.5 miles (4.0 km) road course that ran both inside and outside of the main tri-oval. In 1991 the track was reconfigured with the current 1.51 miles (2.43 km) interior layout. PIR has an estimated grandstand seating capacity of around 67,000. Lights were installed around the track in 2004 following the addition of a second annual NASCAR race weekend.
Phoenix International Raceway is home to two annual NASCAR race weekends, one of 13 facilities on the NASCAR schedule to host more than one race weekend a year. The track is both the first and last stop in the western United States, as well as the second and second-to-last track on the schedule.
Construction of Phoenix International Raceway was completed in 1964. The track is built around the Estrella Mountains outside of Avondale, AZ. Because of the terrain and the incorporation of a road course and drag strip, designers had to build a "dogleg" into the backstretch. The original roadcourse was 2 miles (3.2 km) in length and ran both inside and outside of the main oval track. The hillsides adjacent to the track also offer a unique vantage point to watch races from. "Monument Hill", located alongside turns 3 and 4, is a favorite among race fans because of the unique view and lower ticket prices. At the top of this hill lies a USGS bench marker known as Gila and Salt River Meridian, now listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Long before PIR existed, this spot was the original land survey point for all of what later became the state of Arizona.
PIR was built with the goal of being the western home of open wheel racing. Sports cars and USAC began racing at the track in 1964, and the track quickly became a favorite of drivers and soon replaced the old track at the Arizona State Fairgrounds. In 1977, the first Copper World Classic was held, a marque event for USAC midget and Silver Crown cars.
NASCAR began racing at PIR in 1978, however, it wasn't until 1988 when NASCAR's premier series, now the Sprint Cup Series, began racing at the track. Following the announcement of NASCAR being added to the track schedule, PIR built a 3-story suite building outside of turn 1 and increased grandstand capacity to 30,000. A year prior, the track's main grandstand was struck by lightning and burned to the ground, reconstruction was finished in time for the first NASCAR cup race. That first race was won by Alan Kulwicki where in his celebration he performed the first "Polish Victory Lap".
In 1991, the old 2.5 miles (4.0 km) road course was removed and replaced by a 1.51 miles (2.43 km) infield road course. On August 25, 1992 brought the Guns N' Roses/Metallica Stadium Tour to the raceway. In 1996 the grandstand capacity was increased to 65,000. ISC officially took ownership of PIR from Emmett "Buddy" Jobe in April 1997. Racing at PIR began to dramatically change in 2003. The track reconstructed turn 2 by pushing back the outside wall to make racing safer. The wall originally came to an end where the old road course crossed the oval track. At the same time, an access tunnel was built under turn 4. Previously, vehicles had to use crossover gates and pedestrians used a crossover bridge. In 2004, NASCAR announced it would give a second annual race weekend to PIR starting with the 2005 season. Following the announcement, the track installed lights to allow the newly scheduled NASCAR race to be run in the evening. The addition of a second NASCAR racing weekend had dramatic effects on the economy of the state of Arizona. A study at the Arizona State University estimated that PIR brings in nearly $473 million annually to the state of Arizona. 2005 would also become the last year that a major open-wheel racing series would race at PIR. The track is still used by the Indycar Series for testing purposes.
In 2006, the Allison Grandstand was expanded from turn 1 to turn 2, increasing the reserved seating to 76,800. Included with the expansion is "Octane", an exclusive lounge on top of the grandstands overlooking turn 1. In 2008 PIR added the SPEED Cantina, a one-of-a-kind at-track sports bar and grill, outside turn 2. In early 2010, some of the grandstands along the backstretch were removed to allow additional room for recreational vehicles, thus the seating capacity dropped to around 67,000.
In November 2010, ISC and the Avondale City Council announced plans for a $100 million long-term development for PIR. $15 million would go towards repaving the track (first time since 1990) and building a new media center. The plans also include a reconfiguration of the track. The reconfiguration of the track made the width of the front stretch 62 feet (19 m), changed the pit stalls from asphalt to concrete, moved the dogleg (back stretch) outward by 95 feet (29 m), as well as making the radius of the dogleg 500 feet (150 m). Along with the other changes, the track changed to progressive banking with the banking of the first and second turn as well as the dogleg changing to 10–11 degrees, while the third and fourth turns will change to 8–9 degrees. The infield road course was also sealed off and removed from use, making PIR an oval-only facility.  $7–$8 million will go towards connecting the track property to the Avondale water and sewer systems. Work began following the 2011 Subway Fresh Fit 500. The reconfiguration project was completed by mid-August 2011, and on August 29–30, five drivers tested the new track, describing the new dogleg and backstretch as a "rollercoaster" as now when they enter it dips, then rises on exit and dips down going into turn 3, due to the elevation changes. On October 4–5, several Sprint Cup teams tested the oval which was open to the public.
- USAC – Phoenix 150
- Indy Lights – Phoenix 75
- CART – Slick-50 200
- IndyCar Series – XM Satellite Radio Indy 200
- Rolex Sports Car Series – The GAINSCO Grand Prix
|NASCAR Sprint Cup Series|
|Qualifying||February 28, 2014||Brad Keselowski||25.828||139.384 mph (224.317 km/h)|
|Race||November 13, 2011||Kasey Kahne||2:45:47||112.918 mph (181.724 km/h)|
|NASCAR Nationwide Series|
|Qualifying||March 1, 2014||Brad Keselowski||26.855||134.053 mph (215.737 km/h)|
|Race||November 12, 2011||Sam Hornish, Jr.||2:21:18||85.918 mph (138.272 km/h)|
|NASCAR K&N Pro Series West|
|Qualifying||November 12, 2011||Greg Pursley||26.894||133.859 mph (215.425 km/h)|
|Race||November 12, 2011||Ryan Blaney||1:37:07||77.227 mph (124.285 km/h)|
Prior to 2011 Reconfiguration
|NASCAR Sprint Cup Series|
|Qualifying||February 26, 2011||Carl Edwards||26.224||137.279 mph (220.929 km/h)|
|Race||November 7, 1999||Tony Stewart||2:38:28||118.132 mph (190.115 km/h)|
|NASCAR Nationwide Series|
|Qualifying||February 26, 2011||Joey Logano||26.806||134.048 mph (215.729 km/h)|
|Race||November 4, 2000||Jeff Burton||1:44:13||115.145 mph (185.308 km/h)|
|NASCAR Camping World Truck Series|
|Qualifying||February 25, 2011||Clint Bowyer||26.876||133.949 mph (215.570 km/h)|
|Race||November 7, 2002||Kevin Harvick||1:24:26||108.104 mph (173.977 km/h)|
|NASCAR K&N Pro Series West|
|Qualifying||November 13, 2010||Greg Pursley||27.700||129.964 mph (209.157 km/h)|
|Race||October 5, 2003||Scott Lynch||1:18:46||114.262 mph (183.887 km/h)|
|Qualifying||April 1, 1995||Bryan Herta||181.952 mph (292.823 km/h)|
|Race||April 12, 1987||Roberto Guerrero||1:26:56||138.020 mph (222.122 km/h)|
|Qualifying||March 23, 1996||Arie Luyendyk||183.599 mph (295.474 km/h)|
|Race||March 19, 2005||Sam Hornish, Jr.||1:30:24||137.753 mph (221.692 km/h)|
|Qualifying||October 27, 1978||Danny Ongais||145.513 mph (234.180 km/h)|
|Race||November 4, 1972||Bobby Unser||1:27:32||127.618 mph (205.381 km/h)|
- "The best seat in NASCAR isn't really a seat at all". Nascar.com. August 12, 2010. Retrieved November 16, 2010.
- "Phoenix International Raceway". Autoracing.com. Retrieved November 16, 2010.
- Caraviello, David (April 12, 2008). "The best seat in NASCAR isn't really a seat at all". Nascar.com. Retrieved November 16, 2010.
- "Timeline". Phoenixraceway.com. Retrieved November 16, 2010.
- Madrid, David. "PIR starts its engine on $100M expansion". azcentral.com. Retrieved November 21, 2010.
- Pockrass, Bob (1 March 2014). "Sprint Cup: Brad Keselowski wins Phoenix pole under new format". Sporting News NASCAR. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- Green, Kevin (November 12, 2011). "Qualifying: Pursley Tops The Field". NASCAR Home Tracks. Retrieved November 12, 2011.
- "Race Results at Phoenix International Raceway". racing-reference.info. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Phoenix International Raceway.|
- Official Site
- PIR Page on NASCAR.com
- RacewayReport.com: Phoenix International Raceway Page – Local area information, track specs, mapping, news and more.
- Trackpedia guide to driving this track
- High Resolution image from Google Maps