Balboa Stadium

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Balboa Stadium.
Balboa Stadium
Former names City Stadium
Location San Diego, California
Coordinates 32°43′15″N 117°9′2″W / 32.72083°N 117.15056°W / 32.72083; -117.15056Coordinates: 32°43′15″N 117°9′2″W / 32.72083°N 117.15056°W / 32.72083; -117.15056
Built 1914
Owner City of San Diego
Operator San Diego Unified School District
Surface artificial turf
Capacity 15,000 (1914-59)
23,000 (1960)
34,000 (1961-66)
3,000 (1978-present)
Tenants
San Diego East-West Christmas Classic (NCAA) (1921-1922)
San Diego State Aztecs football (NCAA) (1921-1935)
Harbor Bowl (NCAA) (1947-1949)
San Diego Chargers (AFL) (1961-1966)
San Diego Toros (NASL) (1968)
San Diego Pumitas (NPSL) (1999-2007)
San Diego Flash (2010) (charity events)
San Diego Boca FC (NPSL) (2011- )
San Diego High School
San Diego City College
St. Augustine High School (football only)

Balboa Stadium is a football and soccer stadium located at 1405 Park Boulevard in San Diego, California, just east of San Diego High School. The original stadium was built in 1914 as part of the 1915 Panama-California Exposition, also in Balboa Park, with a capacity of 19,000.[citation needed] It was designed by the Quayle Brothers architectural firm and originally called City Stadium. It was expanded to 34,000 capacity and served as the home stadium for the San Diego Chargers from 1961-66.[1]

The stadium was demolished in the 1970s and a smaller stadium with a 3,000 seat capacity[2] was built, opening in 1978. The stadium has an artificial turf field and lights. It is owned by the City of San Diego and leased to the San Diego Unified School District, which is responsible for its maintenance. It is currently used for professional soccer, high school sports including football, soccer and track, graduation ceremonies, and special events.

Earlier uses[edit]

Auto racing took place on a 1/4 mile dirt track in Balboa Stadium from about 1937 through July 4, 1961 when the racing stopped so the facility could be used for pro football. Balboa Stadium was one of the hotbeds of midget racing starting in about 1937 until the early 1950s (except for the war years). When interest in midget racing started waning, jalopies became popular. The San Diego Racing Association was formed in 1953 and started sanctioning the racing. By 1958 the San Diego Racing Assn had transformed from a jalopy association to more sleek modified sportsman (the forerunners of today's super modifieds). Jalopy champions of the SDRA at Balboa included Glen Hoagland (1953), Jim Wood (1954), Jack Krogh (1955), Harris Mills (1956), Don Ray (1957), and Mondo Iavelli (1958). Don Thomas (1957) was the inaugural modified champion with Art Pratt being a three time titlest (1958 - 1959 - 1960). Rip Erikson took the honors in the 1961 season that was split between Balboa Stadium and Cajon Speedway. Also holding events at Balboa Stadium during the 1950s were occasional visits by the URA midgets and the NASCAR Pacific Coast Late Models. During the 1950s it was not unusual for more than 10,000 fans to attend a weekly show at Balboa.

The stadium also hosted local amateur and professional baseball contests in the period prior to the establishment of the Pacific Coast League Padres in 1936. Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Ty Cobb & Satchel Paige have played in Balboa Stadium.

The NCAA football Harbor Bowl was held there from 1947 to 1949. The San Diego East-West Christmas Classic was held there in 1921 and 1922.

The stadium has been the site of famous track races. In 1965 at Balboa Stadium, high-schooler Jim Ryun from Kansas beat world-record holder and reigning Olympic champion Peter Snell from New Zealand in a mile race in 3:55.3,[3] an American high school record that stood for 42 years. A year later, Tim Danielson from San Diego area Chula Vista High School ran 3:59.4 in the same stadium to become only the second high school runner to run a sub-4:00 mile. Only three high school runners have managed to break that barrier since (Marty Liquori in 1967, Alan Webb in 2001, and Lukas Verzbicas in 2011).

The first two major meets of the developing age division of Masters athletics were held in Balboa Stadium, July 19–20, 1968 and July 3–6, 1969.

San Diego Chargers[edit]

To accommodate the American Football League's Chargers which moved from Los Angeles, the seating capacity was increased from 23,000 (at that time) to 34,000 by adding an upper deck in May 1961.[1] The Stadium remained their home from 1961 to 1966.

Balboa Stadium witnessed the Chargers' glory years, which featured such players as John Hadl, Lance Alworth, Jack Kemp, and Ernie Ladd, and hosted the 1961, 1963, and 1965 American Football League championship games, as well as the 1961, 1962, and 1963 AFL All-Star games. In their six seasons here, head coach Sid Gillman's club finished with a combined record of 28-12-2, winning four Western Division titles and one league crown. In 1967, the team left Balboa for new San Diego Stadium (now Qualcomm Stadium) in Mission Valley, where the club's glory slowed and the titles stopped (although they did win several American Football Conference Western Division titles) until they won the AFC championship after the 1994 season.

Concerts[edit]

The stadium was used for popular music concerts and other public gatherings through the 1960s and 1970s. On August 28, 1965, The Beatles performed at the stadium.[4] Other notable groups performing there included Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young, Jimi Hendrix, Elton John, Steely Dan, Chicago, Jefferson Airplane and Santana.[5]

Notable events[edit]

On September 19, 1919, President Woodrow Wilson spoke in front of over 50,000 people in Balboa Stadium in support of the creation of the League of Nations. This was the first presidential speech to use an electronic voice amplification system. This system was invented by Edwin S. Pridham and Peter L. Jensen. They called their invention the "Magnavox" ("Great Voice") moving coil device. The two would go on to found the Magnavox company.[6]

On September 21, 1927, Charles Lindbergh visited San Diego, where the Spirit of St. Louis was built by Ryan Aeronautical, and was greeted with a hero's welcome at the stadium. With over 60,000 in attendance (10,000 more than President Wilson) he performed a low-level fly over at 100 feet, dipping his aircraft's wings and circling the stadium 8 times. He landed and was then paraded through the city to the stadium where the crowd had to be held back by 650 U.S. Marines.[7]

Modern stadium[edit]

The original stadium was demolished in the 1970s, and was rebuilt in 1978 with a much smaller seating capacity than at the time it housed the Chargers. Most of its distinguishing architectural features were removed. The remaining seating is made up of simple concrete bleachers, which also form the walls of the canyon the field is built in.

The stadium is currently home to San Diego Boca FC, one of San Diego's professional outdoor soccer teams. For promotional purposes Boca FC refer to the stadium as "Boca Stadium". San Diego's largest and oldest running club, the San Diego Track Club also calls Balboa Stadium its home. It is used by San Diego High School for local high school sporting and other events. During the 1990s and the 2000s, it was also used as the home field (for football only) by St. Augustine High School and San Diego City College.

Balboa Stadium is the site of the annual "Stand Down" program, an outreach to provide services to needy and homeless military veterans, sponsored by the Veterans Village of San Diego.[8]

An article in the San Diego Union-Tribune on November 27, 2006, highlighted the stadium's state of disrepair. Artificial turf installed in 2001 was torn and rippling, and the track surrounding the field had dangerous depressions thought to be able to cause injury to runners[9] Both the turf and the track have since been completely renovated.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Balboa Stadium". StadiumsOfProFootball.com. 
  2. ^ "Balboa Stadium". San Diego Sports Commission. Retrieved 2 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "Fast Teen-agers In Grown-up Times"by Gwilym S. Brown Sports Illustrated July 5, 1965 [1]
  4. ^ "San Diego Concert Archive, August". San Diego Concert Archive. Retrieved 2 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "San Diego Concert Archive, September". San Diego Concert Archive. Retrieved 2 November 2012. 
  6. ^ When the President Spoke at Balboa Stadium by Gerald A. Shepherd; The Journal of San Diego History Spring 1986, Volume 32, Number 2 [2]
  7. ^ "When the Lone Eagle Returned to San Diego"by Gerald A. Shepherd The Journal of San Diego History Winter 1994, Volume 40, Number 1 & 2 [3]
  8. ^ "Veterans Village of San Diego". Prestige Placements. Retrieved 3 November 2012. 
  9. ^ Track, turf in trouble? | The San Diego Union-Tribune

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Los Angeles Coliseum
Home of the
San Diego Chargers

1961 – 1966
Succeeded by
Qualcomm Stadium