Pirates of Silicon Valley
|Pirates of Silicon Valley|
Pirates of Silicon Valley
|Directed by||Martyn Burke|
|Produced by||Leanne Moore|
|Written by||Paul Freiberger,
Anthony Michael Hall
|Music by||Frank Fitzpatrick|
|Editing by||Richard Halsey|
|Distributed by||Turner Network Television|
|Release date(s)||April 6 & 7, 1999|
|Running time||95 min.|
Pirates of Silicon Valley is a 1999 made-for-television film directed by Martyn Burke and based on the book Fire in the Valley: The Making of The Personal Computer by Paul Freiberger and Michael Swaine. The film documents the impact of the rivalry between Apple Computer and Microsoft on the development of the personal computer. It spans the time period of the early 1970s to 1997, when Steve Jobs (Noah Wyle) and Bill Gates (Anthony Michael Hall) develop a partnership after Jobs returns to Apple Computer.
The film opens with the creation of the 1984 commercial for Apple Computer, which introduced the first Macintosh. Steve Jobs (Noah Wyle) is speaking with director Ridley Scott (J. G. Hertzler), trying to convey his idea that "We're creating a completely new consciousness." Scott, however, is more concerned at the moment with the technical aspects of the commercial.
The film then flashes forward to 1997 as Jobs, who has returned to Apple, is announcing a new deal with Microsoft at the 1997 Macworld Expo. His partner, Steve Wozniak (Joey Slotnick), is introduced as one of the two central narrators of the story. Wozniak notes to the audience the resemblance between "Big Brother" and the image of Bill Gates (Anthony Hall) on the screen behind Jobs during this announcement. Asking how they "got from there to here," the film turns to flashbacks of his youth with Jobs, prior to the forming of Apple.
The first flashback of the film takes place on the U.C. Berkeley campus during the period of the early 1970s student movements. Jobs and Wozniak are shown caught on the campus during a riot between students and police. They flee and after finding safety, Jobs states to Wozniak, "Those guys think they're revolutionaries. They're not revolutionaries, we are." Wozniak then comments that "Steve was never like you or me. He always saw things differently. Even when I was in Berkeley, I would see something and just see kilobytes or circuit boards while he'd see karma or the meaning of the universe."
Using a similar structure, the film next turns to a young Bill Gates at Harvard University, in the early 1970s, with classmate Steve Ballmer (John DiMaggio), and Gates’ high school friend Paul Allen (Josh Hopkins). As with Wozniak in the earlier segment, Ballmer narrates Gates' story, particularly the moment when Gates discovers the existence of Ed Roberts' (Gailard Sartain) MITS Altair (causing him to drop out of Harvard). Gates' and Allen's early work with MITS is juxtaposed against the involvement of Jobs and Wozniak with the Homebrew Computer Club, eventually leading to the development of the Apple I in 1976 with the help of angel investor Mike Markkula (Jeffrey Nordling). The story follows the protagonists as they develop their technology and their businesses. At a San Francisco computer fair where the Apple II computer is introduced, Gates (the then-unknown Microsoft CEO), attempts to introduce himself to Jobs, who snubs him. This is followed by the development of the IBM-PC with the help of Gates and Microsoft in 1981.
It also follows Jobs' relationship with his high school girlfriend (Gema Zamprogna) and the difficulties he had acknowledging the birth and existence of their daughter, Lisa. Around the time his daughter was born, Jobs unveiled his next computer, which he named, The Lisa. The Lisa was then followed in 1984 by the Macintosh, a computer inspired by the Xerox Alto. The main body of the film finally concludes with a birthday toast in 1985 to Steve Jobs shortly before he was fired by CEO John Sculley (Allan Royal) from Apple Computer.
It also includes a brief epilogue, noting what happened afterward in the lives of Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak. The movie ends with Steve Jobs returning to Apple after its acquisition of NeXT Computer, and Bill Gates appearing live via satellite at a MacWorld Expo in 1997, during Jobs' first Stevenote keynote address, to announce an alliance between Apple and Microsoft.
- Noah Wyle as Steve Jobs
- Anthony Michael Hall as Bill Gates
- Joey Slotnick as Steve Wozniak
- Jeffrey Nordling as Mike Markkula
- Allan Royal as John Sculley
- Marcus Giamatti as Daniel Kottke
- John DiMaggio as Steve Ballmer
- Josh Hopkins as Paul Allen
- Gailard Sartain as Ed Roberts
- Bodhi Elfman as Gilmore
- Brian Lester as Charles Simonyi
- J. G. Hertzler as Ridley Scott
- Gema Zamprogna as Arlene
- Brooke Radding as Lisa Brennan-Jobs
One of the central thematic aspects of the screenplay is the representation of a young Steve Jobs, who while participating in aspects of the Counterculture of the 1960s, interprets his role in it differently. Actor Noah Wyle who portrays Jobs, stated in an interview with CNN, "These kids grew up 30 miles south of the (University of California) Berkeley campus, which was ripe with revolution [...] and they couldn't have cared less about the politics going on. They were in the garage tinkering with their electronics and starting a revolution that was a thousand times greater than anything that was going on the college campuses, politically." Director Martyn Burke also noted in an interview that, "Steve Jobs and Bill Gates are the true revolutionaries of our time. Not the students who occupied the dean’s office in the late ’60s. Not the anti-war marchers who were determined to overthrow the establishment. Jobs and Gates are the ones who changed the way the world thinks, acts and communicates." In developing the characters themselves, Burke also stated that he chose not to speak with any of the central figures portrayed in the film:
|“||I did not want to do an "authorized biography" on either Microsoft or Apple, so we made the decision going in that we would not talk or meet with them. With a team of Harvard researchers, I embarked on a seven-month research project that encompassed virtually everything we could find on the history of both companies, including old technical magazines from the '70s. I intended every scene to be based on actual events, including such seemingly fantastic moments as Bill Gates' bulldozer races in the middle of the night and Steve Jobs' bare feet going up on the board room table during an applicant's job interview. I have two or more sources that verify each scene.||”|
Noah Wyle noted that he originally turned down the offer to play the part of Steve Jobs. Burke wanted him for the role, however, and sent him a copy of the documentary, Triumph of the Nerds. Wyle states that he watched the documentary "for ten seconds and knew I'd kick myself for the rest of my life if I didn't play this part." In describing Jobs, Wyle states that "I would call him a perfectionist. He's one of those rare breed of men who are destined for greater things and won't rest until they get there. Either you subscribe to Jobs' work ethic and his vision, or you don't have a place in his environment [....] Jobs' considered himself a hippie, which was evident in his managerial style. He took counterculture ethics of the late '60s and applied them to mainstream business." Anthony Michael Hall, who was cast as Bill Gates, commented on his interest in the role, stating that he "really fought for this part because I knew it would be the role of a lifetime." Hall said, "It was a thrill and a daunting challenge to play someone of his stature and brilliance."
The film received an 86% rating from Rotten Tomatoes (6 fresh and 1 rotten reviews). Rob Owen of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette argued that the film is, "a fascinating drama filled with Shakespearean twists and betrayals as viewers come to know the geniuses who transformed not only the way we communicate, but the way we live. You're looking at the proof: This review was written using a program created by Gates' Microsoft, and TV Week is designed using one of Jobs' Macintosh computers." John Leonard of New York magazine, described the film as "a hoot."
Jobs, Gates and Wozniak
Bill Gates, Steve Wozniak, and Steve Jobs also responded to the film. Gates stated that his "portrayal was reasonably accurate." Steve Wozniak noted that "when the movie opened with [a scene of] tear gas and riots [...] I thought, 'My God! That's just how it was.' " He also dedicated part of his personal website to fanmail with questions concerning the film:
|“||The personalities and incidents are accurate in the sense that they all occurred but they are often with the wrong parties (Bill Fernandez, Apple employee #4, was with me and the computer that burned up in 1970) and at the wrong dates (when John Sculley joined, he had to redirect attention from the Apple III,not the Mac, to the Apple II) and places (Homebrew Computer Club was at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center) ... the personalities were very accurately portrayed.||”|
Steve Jobs' only public response to the film occurred at the 1999 Macworld Expo. After the film had aired, Jobs contacted Noah Wyle to tell him that while he didn't care for the film, he thought that Wyle had done "a good job" of impersonating him. Jobs then told Wyle: "Listen, we do this thing every year called the Macworld convention. It's in New York, at the Javits Center. There will be about 10,000 people there. And I think it would be hilarious if you came out on stage dressed as me and did the first five minutes of my keynote address. Are you interested?" Wyle agreed to come and after meeting with Jobs in New York prior to the Macworld Expo, Jobs commented to Wyle, "Yeah, you do look like me." Wyle later recalled that:
|“||[Jobs] had been shopping that day and bought me a matching pair of blue jeans and a black turtleneck sweater and matching round eyeglasses. He'd written a sketch for us to perform the next day at Macworld. I'd put my hands together in a kind of Jobs-like silent-prayer pose and then launch into his keynote. And then a few minutes into the address he'd come storming onto the stage and say, "Wyle, you don't have me at all! What the hell are you doing? First I pick up my slide-clicker and then I put my hands together." He'd say, "Ladies and gentlemen, Noah Wyle!" And then he'd kick me off the stage and take over, introducing the latest piece of Apple technology. And that's exactly how we did it. The first few rows, I think, could obviously tell it wasn't him, but most others didn't know at all. And there was this growing ripple of laughter throughout the auditorium when people got what was happening.||”|
The director of the Xerox PARC research center, John Seely Brown, after seeing a clip of the scene in which Gates and Jobs argue, stated in an interview that it was not entirely accurate. Steve Jobs was invited by PARC to view their technology in exchange for the ability to buy pre-IPO Apple stock.
- 2000: American Cinema Editors, USA, Eddie for Best Edited Motion Picture Movie for Commercial Television (Richard Halsey)
- 1999 Emmy Awards – Outstanding Made for Television Movie, Outstanding Casting for a Miniseries or a Made for Television Movie, Outstanding Single Camera Picture Editing for a Miniseries or a Movie, Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Miniseries
|1.||"Question (1970)"||Moody Blues||4:54|
|2.||"Isn't Life Strange (1972)"||Moody Blues||6:10|
|3.||"I Put a Spell on You (1968)"||Creedence Clearwater Revival||2:25|
|4.||"No Time (1970)"||The Guess Who||3:29|
|5.||"In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida (1968)"||Iron Butterfly||2:52|
|6.||"Get Down Tonight (1975)"||KC and the Sunshine Band||3:12|
|7.||"Synchronicity I (1983)"||The Police||3:23|
|8.||"Collage (1969)"||The James Gang||3:32|
|9.||"Gemini Dream (1981)"||Moody Blues||3:47|
|10.||"Burning Down the House (1983)"||Talking Heads||4:00|
|11.||"Everybody Wants to Rule the World (1985)"||Tears for Fears||4:13|
- Triumph of the Nerds (1996) is a documentary on the rise of the personal computer.
- Welcome to Macintosh is a documentary about the Macintosh computer.
- jOBS is an upcoming biographical film based on the career of Steve Jobs.
- General Information/ Air Dates
- Michael Dennis (18 June 1999). "TV 'Pirates of Silicon Valley': Browsing the recent past". CNN. Retrieved 2008-05-08.
- Q&a With Martyn Burke, Q/A with Martyn Burke
- "Noah Wyle as Steve Jobs". Retrieved 20 October 2011.
- "Anthony Michael Hall as Bill Gates". Retrieved October 9, 2006.
- Pirates of Silicon Valley @ Rotten Tomatoes. Rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved on 2011-10-07.
- The clash of two titans profiled in 'Silicon Valley'. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (1999-06-20). Retrieved on 2011-10-07.
- Leonard, John. (1999-06-21) "Pirates of Silicon Valley". Nymag.com. Retrieved on 2011-10-07.
- "Bill Gates hits Reddit for an AMA, replies using 80-inch Windows 8 tablet". The Verge. Vox Media. February 11, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- Huff, Richard (20 June 1999). "TITANS OF COMPUTING". NY Daily News. Retrieved 2008-05-08.
- letters. woz.org. Retrieved on 2011-10-07.
- Noah Wyle on playing Steve Jobs
- Studio 360 interview. Studio360.org (2006-08-04). Retrieved on 2011-10-07.
- Rich Neighbor with Open Doors – Apple and Xerox PARC. Mac-history.net. Retrieved on 2011-10-07.
- Pirates of Silicon Valley Soundtrack
- Huff, Richard. "Titans of Computing." New York Daily News, June 20, 1999.
- Lohr, Steve. "When Cyberspace was a State of Mind." New York Times, June 20, 1999.
- Wozniak, Steve. "Letters: Pirates of Silicon Valley." woz.org