Port of Hamburg

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Port of Hamburg
Hamburger Hafen
Landungsbrücken, Hamburg.JPG
Landungsbrücken (“Jetties”), in St. Pauli quarter
Location
Country Germany
Location Hamburg
Details
Opened 7 May 1189
by Frederick I
Operated by Hamburg Port Authority
Hamburger Hafen und Logistik AG (HHLA)
Owned by Hamburg Port Authority
Type of harbor Artificial
Land area 43.31 km2 (16.72 sq mi)
Size 73.99 km2 (28.57 sq mi)
Employees 10,000 (2004)
Statistics
Vessel arrivals Increase 10,106 (2011)[1]
Annual cargo tonnage Increase 132.2 million tonnes (2011)[2]
Annual container volume Increase 9 million TEU (2011)[2]
Annual revenue Increase 44.4 million (2004)
Main trades basic pharmaceutical materials, coffee, spice, carpets, paper
Website
www.hafen-hamburg.de
Satellite image of Hamburg. The Port of Hamburg stretches along the Southern shore of the River Elbe and branches into numerous natural river arms.
Container Terminal Altenwerder

The Port of Hamburg (German mostly: Hamburger Hafen) is a port in Hamburg, Germany, on the river Elbe. The harbour is located 110 kilometres from the mouth of the Elbe into the North Sea.

It is named Germany's "Gateway to the World" and is the largest port in Germany. In terms of TEU throughput, the port of Hamburg is the third-busiest port in Europe (after the ports of Rotterdam and Antwerp) and 15th-largest worldwide. In 2011, 9 million TEUs (20-foot standard container equivalents) were handled in Hamburg.

The harbour covers an area of 73.99 km² (64.80 km² usable), of which 43.31 km² (34.12 km²) are land areas. The location is naturally advantaged by a branching Elbe, creating an ideal place for a port complex with warehousing and transshipment facilities. The extensive free port enabled toll-free storing, but this was abandoned in 2013.

History[edit]

The port is almost as old as Hamburg itself. Founded on 7 May 1189 by Frederick I for its strategic location, it has been Central Europe's main port for centuries and enabled Hamburg to develop early into a leading city of trade with a rich and proud bourgeoisie.

During the age of the Hanseatic League from the 13th to 17th century, Hamburg was considered second only to the port and city of Lübeck in terms of its position as a central trading node for sea-borne trade.

During the second half of the 19th century, Hamburg became Central Europe's main hub for transatlantic passenger and freight travel, and from 1871 onward it was Germany's principal port of trade. In her time the Hamburg America Line was the largest shipping company in the world. The Free Port, established on 15 October 1888, enabled traders to ship and store goods without going through customs and further enhanced Hamburg's position in sea trade with neighbouring countries. The Moldauhafen has a similar arrangement, though related to the Czech Republic exclusively.

The Speicherstadt, one of Hamburg's architectural icons today, is a large wharf area of 350,000 m² floor area on the northern shore of the river, built in the 1880s as part of the free port and to cope with the growing quantity of goods stored in the port.

Hamburg shipyards lost fleets twice after WWI and WWII, and during the partition of Germany between 1945 and 1990, the Port of Hamburg lost much of its hinterland and consequently many of its trading connections. However, since German reunification, the fall of the Iron Curtain and European enlargement, Hamburg has made substantial ground as one of Europe's prime logistics centres and as one of the world's largest and busiest sea ports.

Access[edit]

Deepening of the river Elbe for large vessels is controversial for ecological reasons. In part due to cooperation with Lower Saxony and Bremen to build a new container port (JadeWeserPort) in the deep waters of Jadebusen in Wilhelmshaven, Hamburg withdrew from this plan after a change of government in 2001.

Terminals[edit]

Port Operator Type Berths Quay length Quay cranes Area (Ha) Capacity (kTEU)
EUROGATE Container Terminal Hamburg (CTH) Eurogate Containers 6 2,050 m 21 140 2,900 [3]
Container Terminal Altenwerder (CTA) HHLA Containers 4 1,400 m 26 110 > 3,000 [4]
Container Terminal Burchardkai (CTB) HHLA Containers 8 2,850 m 22 140 5,200 [5]
Container Terminal Tollerort (CTT) HHLA Containers 4 1,240 m 12 40 950[6]
Buss Hansa Terminal Multi-Purpose 840 m 9 30
Buss Ross Terminal Multi-Purpose 230 m 1
Steinweg bulk cargo 1,150 m 4 250
Buss Hansa Terminal liquid cargo 840 m
Elbe Mineralölwerke Royal Dutch Shell liquid cargo 8/ship
Vopak Terminal Hamburg Vopak liquid cargo 840 m 9 720,000 cbm 5,000

Cruise[edit]

Hamburg is a major cruise destination and one of Europe's largest ports of call for cruise passengers traveling the Atlantic, or the Norwegian and Baltic Seas. The port is also a major location for shipbuilder and shipyards, designing, building and reconditioning yachts and cruise liners. Hamburg has two passenger terminals for cruise ships: Hamburg Cruise Center HafenCity and Hamburg Cruise Center Altona, both capable of processing the world's largest cruise ships.

Panoramic view of Hamburg Harbour as seen from atop of Dockland Hamburg

Culture[edit]

Flussschifferkirche (Boatman's Church)

The Port of Hamburg is also one of Hamburg's largest attractions, both as a living, industrial and logistic center but also as a backdrop for modern culture and the ports history. Among these are various museum ships, musical theaters, bars, restaurants and hotels - and even a floating boat church.[7]

The annual celebration of the harbour's birthday (Hafengeburtstag) during the first weekend of May is one of Hamburg's biggest public events. Visitors come from all over Germany and Europe to experience the festivities. Tugboats perform "ballets", old galleons and new cruise ships are open for tours, and fireworks explode at night.

Tour guides on boat tours in the harbour are called he lüchts (Low German for he is lying) after an often used call of dock workers when they overheard the stories told to tourists.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°32′46″N 9°57′58″E / 53.54611°N 9.96611°E / 53.54611; 9.96611