- % Water
|Admin HQ||Llandrindod Wells|
|ONS code||00NN (ONS)
25 / km²
- Any skills
Powys County Council
- See the list of places in Powys for all towns and villages in Powys.
Powys covers the historic counties of Montgomeryshire and Radnorshire, most of Brecknockshire (Breconshire), and a small part of Denbighshire — an area of 5,179 km², making it the largest county in Wales by land area.
It is bounded to the north by Gwynedd, Denbighshire and Wrexham; to the west by Ceredigion and Carmarthenshire; to the east by Shropshire and Herefordshire; and to the south by Rhondda Cynon Taf, Merthyr Tydfil, Caerphilly, Blaenau Gwent, Monmouthshire and Neath Port Talbot.
Most of Powys is mountainous, with north-south transport being difficult.
The majority of the Powys population lives in villages and small towns. The largest towns are Newtown, Ystradgynlais, Brecon, and Welshpool with populations of 12,783, 9,004, 7,901 and 6,269 respectively (2001). Powys has the lowest population density of all the principal areas of Wales.
Just under a third of the residents have Welsh linguistic skills: Welsh speakers are concentrated mainly in the rural areas both in and around Machynlleth, Llanfyllin and Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant (where William Morgan first translated the whole Bible into Welsh in 1588) in Montgomeryshire (Welsh: Sir Drefaldwyn), and the industrial area of Ystradgynlais in the extreme south-west of Brecknockshire (Welsh: Sir Frycheiniog). Radnorshire (Welsh: Sir Faesyfed) was almost completely Anglicised by the end of the 18th century.
For a table of the current distribution of Welsh speakers see the website 
The county is named after the ancient Welsh/British Kingdom of Powys, which in the sixth century AD included the northern two thirds of the area as well as most of Shropshire and adjacent areas now in England, and came to an end when it was occupied by Llywelyn ap Gruffydd of Gwynedd during the 1260s.
The gold in the county coat of arms (see right) symbolises the wealth of the area. Black is for both mining and the Black Mountains. The fountain is a medieval heraldic charge displayed as a roundel barry wavy Argent and Azure. It represents water, and refers to both the water catchment area and the rivers and lakes. Thus the arms contain references to the hills and mountains, rivers and lakes, water supply and industry.
The crest continues the colouring of the arms. A tower has been used in preference to a mural crown, which alludes to the county's military history and remains. From the tower rises a red kite, a bird almost extinct elsewhere in Britain, but thriving here. The bird is "semy of black lozenges" for the former coal mining industry, while the golden fleece it carries is a reference to the importance of sheep rearing in Powys.
The county motto is: Powys - the paradise of Wales (Welsh: Powys Paradwys Cymru).
Powys was originally created on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, and originally had Montgomery and Radnor and Brecknock as districts under it, which were based directly on the former administrative counties.
On 1 April 1996, the districts were abolished, and Powys was reconstituted as a unitary authority, with a minor border adjustment in the north-east (specifically the addition of the communities of Llansilin and Llangedwyn from Glyndwr district in Clwyd, along with the movement of the border so that all of, and not as previously half of, Llanrhaeadr-ym-Mochnant was in Powys, all historically part of Denbighshire).
Quality of life
Places of interest
Lakes, reservoirs and waterfalls
- The Elan Valley Reservoirs:
- Lake Vyrnwy
- Llangorse Lake
- Llyn Clywedog
- Pistyll y Llyn - one of the highest waterfalls in Wales
- Pistyll Rhaeadr
- Water-breaks it-neck - waterfall in Radnorshire
Museums and exhibitions
- Brecknock Museum, Brecon,
- Centre for Alternative Technology, Machynlleth
- Llandrindod Wells Museum
- Llanidloes Museum
- Newtown Textile Museum
- Powysland Museum, Welshpool
- The Judges Lodgings, Presteigne
- The Old Bell Museum, Montgomery
- The Robert Owen Museum, Newtown
- The Rhayader Museum & Gallery, Rhayader, Powys
- The Wye Valley Walk from Chepstow to Rhayader
- Offa's Dyke Path
- Glyndŵr's Way
- Severn Way
- Taff Trail
- The Sarn Sabrina circular walk from Llanidloes via the source of the River Severn (Welsh: Afon Hafren) in Hafren Forest, Plynlimon.
- The Black Mountains
- Brecon Beacons
- Radnor Forest
- Welshpool and Llanfair Light Railway
- Welsh National Cycle Route
- Y Gaer, Brecon Roman fort
- Battle of Bryn Glas site
- POW-iss, with the vowels of "how" and "hiss"
- Sally Williams. "FairTrade Resource Network". Retrieved 3 July 2008.
- International Civic Heraldry site
- McGrath, Matt (28 August 2008). "Britain's Happiest Places Mapped". BBC News. Retrieved 28 August 2008.
- Langorse Lake at dawn
- "Sarn Sabrina Walk". Llanidloes Mid Wales. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
- Hopkins, Adele (17 April 2009). "Sarn Sabrina Walk 2009". Mid Wales Walks. BBC. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
- Powys at the Open Directory Project
- Powys County Council official site
- Powys Heritage
- Tourism in Powys
- Coleg Powys
- Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust
- Reducing the area's carbon footprint - Recycling and Composting in Powys