Prince Alberto of Naples and Sicily
|Prince of Naples and Sicily|
|Italian: Alberto Lodovico Maria Filipo Gaetano|
|House||House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies|
|Father||Ferdinand IV of Naples|
|Mother||Maria Carolina of Austria|
2 May 1792|
Royal Palace of Naples, Kingdom of Naples
|Died||25 December 1798
Onboard HMS Vanguard
Alberto of Naples and Sicliy (Alberto Lodovico Maria Filipo Gaetano; 2 May 1792 – 25 December 1798) was a Prince of Naples and Sicily. He died on board HMS Vanguard, a British Royal navy vessel.
Born to Ferdinand VI of Naples, he was the sixteenth child born to his parents and their seventh son. His mother was a daughter of Empress Maria Theresa and thus sister of Marie Antoinette. From his birth he was third in line to the Neapolitan throne after his brothers Prince Francis, then Duke of Calabria and the Prince of Salerno.
A member of the House of Bourbon, he was a Prince of Naples and Sicily by birth. He was born in Naples and baptised Alberto Lodovico Maria Filipo Gaetano, English: Albert Louis Maria Philip Gaetano.
Her older sisters included the future Holy Roman Empress, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Princess Maria Cristina, who was the wife of the future Charles Felix of Sardinia and Queen of Sardinia; Maria Cristina's twin Princess Maria Cristina Amelia died in 1783 of smallpox. Another sister was the Queen of the French and the last surviving daughter was the future Princess of Asturias.
On the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789 the Neapolitan court was not hostile to the movement. When the French monarchy was abolished and Alberto's aunt and uncle were executed, his parents joined the First Coalition against France in 1793, a year after Alberto's birth.
Although peace was made with France in 1796, by 1798 conflict was again fierce. It was decided that the royal family flee to the Kingdom of Sicily. The family left Naples on 21 December 1798 on board the HMS Vanguard, a British Royal navy vessel which was in turn protected by two Neapolitan warships.
It was on board the warship that Alberto died of exhaustion on Christmas Day aged 6. He was buried in Palermo soon after the family arrived there; his funeral was the first official engagement his family attended in Sicliy.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 2 May 1792 – 25 December 1798 His Royal Highness Don Alberto, Prince of Naples and Sicily
References and notes