Leonor was born at 1:46 am in the Ruber International Clinic in Madrid by means of a caesarean section necessitated by non-progression of labour. Her birth was announced by the Royal Family to the press via SMS. Leonor left the Ruber Clinic with her parents on 7 November 2005. She was baptised in the Zarzuela Palace by the CardinalArchbishop of Madrid, Antonio Rouco Varela, on 14 January 2006. Like her father in 1968, Leonor was christened with water from the Jordan River, a royal custom. She was also given the additional names of de Todos los Santos (of All the Saints), a Bourbon tradition. Her godparents were her paternal grandparents, King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía.
Leonor began her education at the daycare for the children of the Spanish Royal Guard. She began her first year of elementary school on 15 September 2008 at the Santa María de los Rosales School in Aravaca, just outside Madrid. Her father is an alumnus of the private school and her younger sister Sofia is also enrolled there.
In May 2014, Leonor made her first official visit to the San Javier airforce base in Murcia.
On 18 June 2014, King Juan Carlos signed the instrument of abdication, which went into effect at midnight, 19 June 2014. At this time, Leonor's father became the King of Spain as Felipe VI, and Leonor herself became the heir presumptive and the new Princess of Asturias. Spain's monarchy operates under a system of male-preference cognatic primogeniture, meaning that Leonor, as the elder of Felipe's two daughters, is first in line to inherit the throne. Under the current law, however, if her parents have a son, Leonor would be displaced in the line of succession and forfeit her title of Princess of Asturias to a younger brother.
There have been discussions about changing the succession law to absolute primogeniture, allowing for the inheritance of the eldest child, regardless of gender; however, the birth of Leonor, followed by that of her younger sister Sofía, stalled these plans. Despite a recent change from male-preference to absolute primogeniture for Spanish titles of nobility, as of 2014 no legislation has been passed affecting inheritance to the throne.
The current coat of arms of Leonor, Princess of Asturias was created in 2014 when she became Princess of Asturias in her own right. It is based on the design of the coat of arms of a Prince of Asturias but it is a lozenge (female) variant of the official coat of arms adopted in 2001. It has no official status but it is attributed by some heraldists until the Princess can use the version used by her father when she becomes dame of the Golden Fleece. (As Princess of Asturias in her own right she is entitled to use the arms of the heir to the Spanish throne regardless of the fact that she is female).
Heir to the Spanish throne's official version
The official version that Princess Leonor will use when she becomes dame of the Golden Fleece.
The crown of the Prince(ss) of Asturias.
The arms is divided into four quarters, blazoned as follows:
1st, Gules a castle three-towered Or, masoned Sable ajoure Azure, for Castile,2nd, Argent a lion rampant Purpure crowned Or, armed Gules and crowned Or, for León, 3rd, Or four pallets Gules, for Aragon, 4th, Gules a cross, saltire and orle of chains all linked Or, an emerald Proper, for Navarre, Enté en point, Argent a pomegranate Proper seeded Gules, supported, sculpted and leafed in two leaves Vert, for Granada, Inescutcheon, Azure with three fleurs-de-lys Or, bordured Gules, for Bourbon.
The whole differenced by a blue label of three points azure.
From 2005 to 2014
(The coat of arms used as princess was the whole differenced with a label of three points azure and charged with fleur-de-lys and the crown of a Spanish Infanta.)