Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este

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Prince Lorenz
Archduke of Austria-Este (more)
Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este.jpg
Prince Lorenz at the wedding of the Crown Princess of Sweden in 2010
Head of House of Austria-Este
Period 7 February 1996 – present
Predecessor Robert
Spouse Princess Astrid of Belgium
Issue Prince Amedeo
Princess Maria Laura
Prince Joachim
Princess Luisa Maria
Princess Laetitia Maria
Full name
Lorenz Otto Carl Amadeus Thadeus Maria Pius Andreas Marcus d'Aviano
House House of Austria-Este
Father Archduke Robert of Austria-Este
Mother Princess Margherita of Savoy-Aosta
Born (1955-12-16) 16 December 1955 (age 58)
Styles of
The Archduke of Austria-Este
Armoiries Autriche-Este 1914.svg
Reference style His Imperial and Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Imperial and Royal Highness
Alternative style Monseigneur

Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este (born 16 December 1955) is a member of the Belgian Royal Family. Since 1996 he is also head of the House of Austria-Este, the branch of the formerly Imperial Austrian House of Habsburg-Lorraine which reigned over the Duchy of Modena until 1859.

Early life and marriage[edit]

Prince Lorenz was born in Clinique du Belvédère, Boulogne-Billancourt, Hauts-de-Seine, France as the second child of Robert, Archduke of Austria-Este and of Archduchess Margaret, née Princess Margherita of Savoy-Aosta.

On 22 September 1984 in Brussels, Lorenz married Princess Astrid of Belgium, the only daughter of the then Prince and Princess of Liège, former King Albert II and Queen Paola. The couple have five children:

Education and career[edit]

After finishing school, Archduke Lorenz made his military service in the regiment of Gebirgsjäger (Alpine Hunters) of the Federal Austrian Army and was promoted as Reserve "Leutnant" (Second Lieutenant) in 1980.[1]
Lorenz studied economics at the University of St. Gallen in Switzerland and the University of Innsbruck in Austria. He worked at various banks in London, Paris, and Rome. In 1983 he joined the Gutzwiller private bank in Basel where he eventually became a Managing Partner. In 1993, he spent one year as a consultant to Swift, a company which provides services to the financial industry. In 1995, he became Advisor to the Board of Directors of BNP Paribas Bank in Paris. He is currently a director of UCB, a global pharmaceutical manufacturer.[2] He was formerly a director of Sita (a worldwide waste management company located in France) and of Ondeo Nalco (a water management company in the United States).[3]

Patronages[edit]

Since 2004, Lorenz has been the honorary president of the Council of the Koninklijke Vereniging der Historische Woonsteden van België/Association Royale des Demeures Historiques de Belgique.[4] Since 2005, he has been the Patron of Europae Thesauri, an association of European cathedral and church treasuries.[5]

Lorenz has also served as deputy chairman of the Société des Amis of the Almanach de Gotha.[6]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • His Imperial and Royal Highness Archduke Lorenz of Austria-Este, Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary (1955–1995)
  • His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary (1995–1996)

As head of the House of Austria-Este (which reigned over the sovereign Duchy of Modena until its annexation to Italy in 1859) since his father's death on 7 February 1996, Lorenz bears the title Archduke of Austria-Este, which was made hereditary according to male primogeniture by declaration of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria on 31 October 1914 (following the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Este) and was confirmed by Imperial Austrian letters patent, both of which conferred it (with the traditional coat-of-arms of the House of Austria-Este) upon Lorenz's father, Archduke Robert, on 16 April 1917,[7][8][9] and has been confirmed for Lorenz by specific reference in Article IX.1 of the constitution of the Kingdom of Belgium. In addition he also bears the traditional Austrian titles of "Prince Imperial of Austria" and "Prince Royal of Hungary",[7][8] "Croatia and Bohemia".

The Este suffix descended by male primogeniture and is borne by Lorenz and his successors as heads of the Austria-Este cadet branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine.[7][8] The title "Prince of Belgium" was granted to him by Royal Decree of 10 November 1995 by his father-in-law, King Albert II of the Belgians.[10] Depending on the situation, Lorenz is thus legally and formally styled HRH Prince Lorenz of Belgium, or internationally otherwise HI&RH Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este or simply HI&RH The Archduke of Austria-Este.

His children by Princess Astrid bear the titles "Prince(ss) of Belgium" – by Belgian decree of 2 December 1991, in addition to their traditional Austrian titles -, "Archduke/Archduchess of Austria, Prince(ss) Imperial of Austria, Prince(ss) Royal of Hungary".

Honours[edit]

See also : List of state visits & List of honours of the Belgian Royal Family by country

Ribbon Country Decoration References
Belgian order
Grand Crest Ordre de Leopold.png Belgium Belgium (Orders) Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold [11]
Foreign orders
GER Bundesverdienstkreuz 7 Grosskreuz.svg Germany Germany Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany [12]
LUX Order of Adolphe Nassau Grand Cross BAR.png Luxembourg Luxembourg (Orders) Grand Cross of the Order of Adolphe of Nassau (2007) [13]
Order of the Crown (Netherlands).svg Netherlands Netherlands (Orders) Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown (2006) [14]
Den kongelige norske fortjenstorden storkors stripe.svg Norway Norway (Orders) Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of Merit (20/05/2003) [15] [16][17]
PRT Order of Prince Henry - Grand Cross BAR.png Portugal Portugal (Orders) Grand Cross of the Order of Infante Dom Henrique (08/03/2006) [18]
Order of Civil Merit (Spain) GC.svg Spain Spain (Orders) Grand Cross of the Order of Civil Merit (12/05/2000) [19][20]
SWE Order of the Polar Star (after 1975) - Commander Grand Cross BAR.png Sweden Sweden (Orders) Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the Polar Star [21]
Dynastic orders bestowed by non-reigning heads
Order of the Golden Fleece Rib.gif Austrian Empire Austria Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece (Habsburg-Lorraine)
ME Order of Danilo I Knight Grand Cross BAR.svg Kingdom of Montenegro Montenegro Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Danilo I of Montenegro (Petrović-Njegoš)
Lt-aut-feldanzug.gif

Military ranks[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Blog article (French) about Prince Lorenz
  2. ^ UCB: Board of Directors
  3. ^ UCB: H.R.H. Prince Lorenz of Belgium
  4. ^ Association Royale des Demeures Historiques de Belgique: Conseil d'Administration
  5. ^ Europae Thesauri: Membres.
  6. ^ Almanach de Gotha, Société des Amis de l'Almanach de Gotha
  7. ^ a b c Enache, Nicolas. La Descendance de Marie-Therese de Habsburg. ICC, Paris, 1996. pp. 44,50. French
  8. ^ a b c Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Furstlicher Hauser Bande XIV, C.A. Starke Verlag, Ligne, Limburg, 1991, pp. 92–95. German
  9. ^ Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (editor). Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, Burke's Peerage, London, 1973, p. 240. ISBN 0-220-66222-3
  10. ^ Velde, François. Heraldica.org. Titres Royaux en Belgique, section 2.3 (French) accessdate = 31 July 2011.
  11. ^ Photo during Prince Frederick of Denmark's wedding from Zimbio website – ribbon : Grand Crest Ordre de Leopold.png
  12. ^ Belga Pictures, State visit of President Herzog in Belgium (1998), Group Photo
  13. ^ Photo from the Belga Pictures website
  14. ^ Photo from the Belga Pictures website
  15. ^ Photo from the Belga Pictures website
  16. ^ Photo from the Royal Family's official website (http://www.monarchie.be/)
  17. ^ Kongehuset
  18. ^ Photos from the Belga Pictures website : 1, 2
  19. ^ Photo from the website of Belga Picture : Official visit of King Juan Carlos & Queen Sofia to Belgium in 2001
  20. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado
  21. ^ Belga Pictures website, Photo


External links[edit]

Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este
Cadet branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Born: 16 December 1955
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Archduke Robert
Archduke of Austria-Este
1996 – present
Incumbent
Heir:
Archduke Amedeo
— TITULAR —
Duke of Modena
1996 – present
Austro-Hungarian royalty
Preceded by
Archduke Károly-Konstantin
Line of succession to the Austro-Hungarian throne
4th position
Succeeded by
Archduke Amedeo

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