- The problem (13:1‑2);
- The petition (13:3‑4);
- The praise (13:5‑6).
"It was the opinion of Theodoret that this psalm was composed by David, not during his persecution by Saul, but when Absalom conspired against him; and the reason which he assigns for this opinion is, “that the trouble which Saul gave him was before his great sin, and so he was full of confidence; but that of Absalom was after it, which made him cry out in this doleful manner.”
Spurgeon saw Psalm 13 as illistrative of trials in the Christain life. "How long wilt thou forget me, O Lord" is almost a universal cry of humanity, as troubles (both internal and external) find their way into lives. The answer for Spurgeon, found in verse 5, is to trust God, as our troubles shall end, our victory is eternal. Or as Matthew Henry put it "None live so easily, so pleasantly, as those that live by faith."
- Psalm 13: When God Seems Distant.
- Bishop Patrick’s Paraphrase on the Book of Psalms.
- The Complete Artscroll Siddur page 64
- Psalm 13, in Calvin's Commentaries, Vol. 8: Psalms, Part I, tr. by John King, [1847-50], at sacred-texts.com.
- Charles Spurgeon, The Treasury of David.
- Matthew Henry, Psalms 13, Matthew Henry Commentary.