Aijeleth Shahar or Ayelet HaShachar (Hebrew: "hind of the dawn") is found in the title of the Psalm. It is probably the name of some song or tune to the measure of which the psalm was to be chanted. Some, however, understand by the name some instrument of music, or an allegorical allusion to the subject of the psalm.
- Is recited on the Fast of Esther.
- Verse 4 is part of the opening paragraph of Uva Letzion.
- Verse 26 is found in the repetition of the Amidah during Rosh Hashanah.
- Verse 29 is a part of Az Yashir. It is recited following the passage from Exodus. On Rosh Hashanah, it is found in the repetition of the Amidah.
- "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" (Psalm 22:1; Mark 15:34; Matthew 27:46)
- "They hurl insults, shaking their heads." (Psalm 22:7; Mark 15:29; Matthew 27:39)
- "They divide my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment." (Psalm 22:18; Mark 15:24; Matthew 27:35; Luke 23:34; John 19:24)
- "I will declare your name to my people; in the assembly I will praise you." (Psalm 22:22; Hebrews 2:12)
Christians also contend "They have pierced my hands and my feet". (Psalm 22:16), and "I can count all my bones" (Psalm 22:17) indicate the manner of Christ's crucifixion, being nailed to the cross (John 20:25) and also that, per the Levitical code, no bones of the sacrifice (Numbers 9:11-13) may be broken.
In the Roman Rite of the period before 1955, this psalm was sung at the Stripping of the Altar on Maundy Thursday to signify the stripping of Christ's garments before crucifixion. The psalm was preceded and followed by the antiphon "Diviserunt sibi vestimenta mea: et super vestem meam miserunt sortem" (They divided my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment).
In popular culture
System of a Down quotes "Why have you forsaken me?" in their song Chop Suey.
- The Artscroll Tehillim p. 329
- The Complete Artscroll Siddur p. 155
- The Complete Artscroll Machzor for Rosh Hashanah p. 353
- The Complete Artscroll Siddur p. 80
- The Complete Artscroll Machzor for Rosh Hashanah p. 321
- "Stripping of an Altar". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.