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Public management that government and non-profit administration resembles private-sector management in some important ways. As such, there are management tools appropriate in public and in private domains, tools that maximize efficiency and effectiveness. This contrasts with the study of public administration, which emphasizes the social and cultural drivers of government that many contend (e.g. Graham T. Allison and Charles Goodsell) make it different from the private sector.
Studying and teaching about public management are widely practiced in developed nations. Such credentials as the Master of Public Administration degree offer training in decision making relevant to the public good using public infrastructure.
The public manager will deal with critical infrastructure that directly and obviously affects quality of life. Trust in public managers, and the large sums spent at their behest, make them subject to many more conflict of interest and ethics guidelines in most nations.
Many entities study public management in particular, in various countries, including:
- In the US, the American Society for Public Administration. Indiana University Bloomington
- In Canada, the Institute of Public Administration of Canada, the Observatoire de l'Administation publique, and various projects of the Federation of Canadian Municipalities and Infrastructure Canada
- In the UK, Warwick Business School, the London School of Economics, the UK local democracy project and London Health Observatory.
- In Australia, the Institute of Public Administration Australia.
- In France, the École nationale d'administration and the IMPGT, Institute of Public Management and Territorial Governance in Aix-en-Provence, Aix-Marseille University.
- In Belgium, the Public Governance Institute, KU Leuven.
- In Germany, the German University of Administrative Sciences Speyer, the Hertie School of Governance, the Bachelor and Master of Politics & Public Manangement at the Zeppelin University Friedrichshafen, and the Bachelor and Master of Public Policy & Management and the Executive Public Management Master of University of Potsdam.
- In Switzerland, the University of Geneva and the Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration (IDHEAP).
- In Italy, the SDA Bocconi School of Management, the graduate business school of Bocconi University in Milan, Italy.
- In Cyprus, the Cyprus International Institute of Management or CIIM.
- In Ireland, the Institute of Public Administration, Dublin.
Comparative public management, through government performance auditing, examines the efficiency and effectiveness of two or more governments.
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