Ialoveni District

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Ialoveni
District (Raion)
Location of Ialoveni
Country  Republic of Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraş-reşedinţă)
Ialoveni
Government
 • Raion President Nicolae Andronache (PL), since 2011
Area
 • Total 783 km2 (302 sq mi)
 • Water 25.6 km2 (9.9 sq mi)  2.27%
Population (2012)
 • Total 99,700
 • Density 127.3/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 268
Area code(s) +373 268
Car plates IL
Website http://www.ialoveni.md

Ialoveni is a district (Moldovan: raion) in the central part of Moldova, with the administrative center at Ialoveni. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 99,100.

History[edit]

Localities with the oldest documentary attestation of the district are: Bardar, Puhoi, Molesti, Razeni, localities approved for the first time in the period 1443-1485. 16th-18th centuries, grow the economy (agriculture and winery), cultural (the built monasteries), as the region's population grows. In 1812, after the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812), is the occupation of Basarabia, Russian Empire during this period (1812–1917), there is an intense russification of the native population. In 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania in this period (1918–1940, 1941–1944), the district is part of the Chisinau County. In 1940 after Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Basarabia is occupied by the USSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part and residence of the Chisinau County (1991–2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.

Geography[edit]

Ialoveni district is located in the central part of the Republic of Moldova. Neighborhood has the following district: Straseni District and Chisinau Municipality in north, east district of Anenii-Noi, districts Causeni and Cimislia in the south, west district of Hincesti. The landscape is varied, from slippery and hilly in the northwest (Central Moldavian Plateau), until smooth and plain in the east (valley of Botna River). Erosion processes vary in intensity. In structure, the soil contains considerable amounts of humus district, very rich. In the village Milestii Mici is a mine of stone, where annually about 200,000 cubic meters are extracted construction materials. Space left by the extraction of stone used in the wine industry.

Climate[edit]

The climate is temperate continental, summer is warm and long, with average July temperature +22 °C (max. +36 C), winter is mild, with average temperature in January of -4-5 °C (min. -25 c). Yearly precipitation 450–600 mm. Average wind speed 3–6 m \ s.

Fauna[edit]

Fauna typical of central Europe this mammals such as foxes, hedgehogs, deer, wild boar, ermine, ferret and more. Of birds: owl, stork, hawk, sparrow, starling, crow, egret, partridges and others.

Flora[edit]

Forest in Ialoveni district

Forests occupy 18.3% of the district and are complemented by oak, english oak, hornbeam, maple, linden, ash and others. From plants: wormwood, black, clover, knotweed, nettle, fescue and more.

Rivers[edit]

District is located in the Nistru river basin and its tributaries that cross the district: Botna (152 km) and Isnovat River (59 km). They are also certified more than a hundred water bodies, in half of them raised fish.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

  • Localities: 34

Demographics[edit]

Costeşti (population: 11,967)

1 January 2012 the district population was 99,700 of which 15.7% urban and 84.3% rural population

  • Births (2010): 1,455 (14.7 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 1,145 (11.6 per 1000)
  • Growth rate (2010): 310 (3.1 per 1000)

Ethnic groups[edit]

The largest ethnic groups in Ialoveni are:

Ethnic group Population  % of total*
Moldovans (Romanians) 96,987 96.20%
Ukrainians 1,117 1.14%
Russians 1,112 1.14%
Bulgarians 935 0.96%
Gypsies 197 0.20%
Gagauzians 95 0.10%
Others 261 0.27%

Religion[edit]

Economy[edit]

Road near Ulmu

In the district are 19,802 registered businesses. In Ialoveni district, about 50 businesses operating in trade, three companies in transport and telecommunications, the national telephone operator working "Moldtelecom". 60% are private property, public property and the other 39% and 1% mixed ownership. Land of Ialoveni district on 1 January 2008 outside the 25 administrative units - regional first level, covers an area of 78,348 ha, including arable land - 33,431 ha (42.7%), orchards - 3727 ha (4.8% ), vineyards 7942 ha (10.2%), pastures - 7310 ha (9.4%), other land - 8700 ha (11.1%).

Sport[edit]

Suruceni Stadium

Ialoveni district has a well-developed sport infrastructure. All localities have sports stadiums (especially football), wrestling rooms (wrestling), the annual practice rounds of cycling, distance running and different. A young generation is given importance, modern gyms are open.

Education[edit]

The district operates 68 educational institutions, including primary schools, secondary schools, high schools - 37 (number of students - 1362), preschool - 29 (3416 children), vocational schools - 2 (563 students), teachers - 1258.

Politics[edit]

Traditional Ialoveni district, political and electoral support, right-wing parties, particularly AEI. PCRM is a continues fall percentage.

During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 47.1%

Parliament elections results
Year AEI PCRM
2010 71.87% 34,958 23.52% 11,435
July 2009 71.67% 33,208 25.02% 11,591
April 2009 54.18% 23,765 33.86% 14,854

Elections[edit]

e • d  Summary of 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results in Ialoveni District
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/−
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 20,465 42.08 +17.26
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 11,435 23.52 −1.50
Liberal Party 7,953 16.35 −6.81
Democratic Party of Moldova 5,400 11,10 -0.81
Party Alliance Our Moldova 1,140 2.34 −9.47
Other Party 2,257 4.61 +1.30
Total (turnout 62.39%) 48,991 100.00


Culture[edit]

The district operates: a museum, 23 houses of culture, 34 libraries, 57 artistic works, including 12 bands as "model".

Health[edit]

The district works: a hospital - with 132 beds, a Center of Family Physician's - with 6 offices of family doctor's, 15 health centers, 11 branch offices of family doctors.

Tourism[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 46°50′N 28°50′E / 46.833°N 28.833°E / 46.833; 28.833