Republic of Rose Island
||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (January 2012)|
|Republic of Rose Island
eo: Respubliko de la Insulo de la Rozoj
it: Repubblica dell'Isola delle Rose
|Area claimed||0.0004 km² (4305 sq ft)|
|Date of foundation||June 24, 1968|
|Leadership||President Giorgio Rosa|
|Purported currency||milo (used in stamps; no coins or notes are known to have been printed)|
|Location: in the Adriatic Sea between Cesenatico and Rimini, Italy|
The Republic of Rose Island (Esperanto: Respubliko de la Insulo de la Rozoj) was a short-lived micronation on a man-made platform in the Adriatic Sea, 11 km (7 mi) off the coast of the province of Forlì, Italy (actually province of Rimini).
In 1967, Italian engineer Giorgio Rosa funded the construction of a 400 square metre (4305 sq ft) platform supported by nine pylons, and furnished it with a number of commercial establishments, including a restaurant, bar, nightclub, souvenir shop and a post office. Some reports also mention the presence of a radio station, but this remains unconfirmed.
The platform declared independence on 24 June 1968, under the Esperanto name "Insulo de la Rozoj", with Rosa as self-declared President. Both Esperanto rozo (plural rozoj) and Italian rosa (plural rose) mean "rose". Soon afterwards Rose Island issued a number of stamps, including a stamp showing the approximate location of Rose Island in the Adriatic Sea. The purported currency of the republic was the "Mill" and this appeared on the early stamp issues, although no coins or banknotes are known to have been produced. This denomination was translated into Esperanto as "Miloj" on later stamp issues (it is unrelated to the Esperantist currency spesmilo).
Rosa's actions were viewed by the Italian government as a ploy to raise money from tourists while avoiding national taxation. Whether or not this was the real reason behind Rosa's micronation, the Italian government's response was swift: a group of four carabinieri and guardia di finanza landed on the "Isola delle Rose" and assumed control. The platform's Council of Government is said to have sent a telegram, presumably to the Italian government, to protest the "violation of its sovereignty and the injury inflicted on local tourism by the military occupation", but this was ignored.
Soon afterwards the Italian Navy used explosives to destroy the facility, an act later portrayed on postage stamps issued by Rosa's "Government in exile".
See also 
- Sealand – a declared principality near the United Kingdom which is built on a WWII sea fort.
- Republic of Minerva – a short-lived artificial island micronation in the Pacific Ocean.
- REM Island, a platform towed into international waters for the purposes of offshore radio broadcasting.
- Rose Island – A Dream of Freedom by Fabio Vaccarezza, The Cinderella Philatelist, January 2007, ISSN 0009-6911, pp 42–46
- How to Start Your Own Country by Erwin S. Strauss, pub. Breakout Productions, Port Townsend, WA, 2nd ed. 1984, ISBN 1-893626-15-6, pp 129–130.
- "Republics of the Reefs": Nation-Building on the Continental Shelf and in the World's Oceans, California Western International Law Journal, vol. 25, no. 1, Fall, 1994, pp 105–06.
- Italian language website discussing the history of Rose Island and its postage stamps. Includes a scan of part of a contemporary newspaper article.
- Some pictures of Rose Island (including pictures of its destruction) and comments from the daughter of one of the people responsible for the destruction (Italian language)
- Republic of Rose Island – Isola delle Rose – Insulo de la Rozoj – English/Italian language fan site
|President of Rose Island
|Formation||June 24th, 1968|
|Abolished||1968 de facto|