Roland the Farter
Roland the Farter (known in contemporary records as Roland le Fartere) was a medieval flatulist who lived in 12th century England. He held Hemingstone manor in Suffolk and 30 acres (120,000 m2) of land in return for his services as a jester for King Henry II. Each year he was obliged to perform "Unum saltum et siffletum et unum bumbulum" (one jump, one whistle, and one fart) for the King's court at Christmas.
Roland is listed in the 13th-century English Liber Feodorum (Book of Fees).
- Bartlett, Robert (2000). England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings, 1075-1225. Oxford University Press. p. 236. ISBN 0-19-925101-0.
- Beadle, Richard (1994). The Cambridge companion to medieval English theatre. Cambridge companions to literature. Cambridge University Press. p. 187. ISBN 0-521-45916-8.
- The Language of Farting by Evan R. Goldstein, Chronicle of Higher Education. (Retrieved November 18, 2007. Subscription required)
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