Russell Square tube station

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Russell Square London Underground
Russell Square station.jpg
Russell Square is located in Central London
Russell Square
Russell Square
Location of Russell Square in Central London
Location Russell Square
Local authority Camden
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Fare zone 1
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010 Increase 14.18 million[1]
2011 Increase 14.73 million[1]
2012 Decrease 13.44 million[1]
2013 Decrease 12.95 million[1]
Railway companies
Original company Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway
Key dates
15 December 1906 Station opened
Listed status
Listing grade II
Entry number 1401730[2]
Added to list 20 July 2011
Other information
Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°31′23″N 0°07′28″W / 51.5231°N 0.1244°W / 51.5231; -0.1244

Russell Square is a London Underground station on Bernard Street, Bloomsbury in the London Borough of Camden. The station is on the Piccadilly line. It is a small but busy station, often used by office workers and by tourists who are staying in Bloomsbury's numerous hotels or visiting the British Museum. The station is a Grade II listed building.[3]

History[edit]

The station was opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway on 15 December 1906.[4] The station was designed by Leslie Green.[5]

Location[edit]

Russell Square Station is not far from the British Museum, the University of London's main campus, Great Ormond Street Hospital and Russell Square Gardens. Its location is adjacent to the Brunswick Centre. The station is located in Travelcard Zone 1, and is between Holborn and King's Cross St Pancras on the Piccadilly line. Russell Square tube station was used as the location for the 1973 horror film entitled "Death Line" which starred Donald Plesence, Christopher Lee and Clive Swift.[citation needed]

Access to trains[edit]

Russell Square station has three lifts but no escalators. The platforms can also be reached using a spiral staircase with 175 steps.

2005 London bombings[edit]

Ambulances at Russell Square following the attack.

On 7 July 2005, in a co-ordinated bomb attack, an explosion in a train travelling between King's Cross St. Pancras and Russell Square resulted in the deaths of 26 people, making up nearly half of the total fatalities from the series of attacks and also causing damage to the tunnel. It was the last of the three bombs used in the attacks on the underground, although another bomb would later explode on a bus.

Connections[edit]

London Buses route 7; 59; 68; 91; 168; 188 and express route X68 and night routes N7 and N91 serve the station.

Platform level tiling[edit]

A platform on the London Underground.
The distinctive platform level tilework.

The stations along the central part of the Piccadilly line, as well as some sections of the Northern line, were financed by Charles Yerkes,[6] and are famous for the Leslie Green designed red station buildings and distinctive platform tiling. Each station had its own unique tile pattern and colours.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Russell Square Underground Station". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. 
  3. ^ "16 London Underground Stations Listed At Grade II". English Heritage. 26 July 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-09-14. 
  4. ^ Rose 1999.
  5. ^ Wolmar 2005, p. 175.
  6. ^ http://www.londonreconnections.com/2010/the-man-who-painted-london-red/

References[edit]

  • Rose, Douglas (1999) [1980]. The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. 
  • Wolmar, Christian (2005) [2004]. The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. ISBN 1-84354-023-1. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Piccadilly line
towards Cockfosters