HMS Eskimo (F75)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Eskimo.
HMS Eskimo 1941 IWM FL 10008.jpg
Eskimo in April 1944
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Eskimo
Builder: Vickers Armstrongs, Walker, Newcastle upon Tyne
Laid down: 5 August 1936
Launched: 3 September 1937
Commissioned: 30 December 1938
Identification: Pennant number: L75, F75 & G75 successively
Fate: Sold for scrapping, 27 June 1949
General characteristics
Class & type: Tribal-class destroyer
Displacement: 1,850 tons (standard),
2,520 tons (full)
Length: 377 ft (115 m) o/a
Beam: 36 ft 6 in (11.13 m)
Draught: 9 ft (2.7 m)
Installed power: 44,000 shp (33,000 kW)
Propulsion: Three Admiralty 3-drum boilers, steam turbines on two shafts
Speed: 36-knot (67 km/h)
Range: 524 tons fuel oil
5,700 nmi (10,600 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h)
Complement: 219
Armament:

As designed;

War modifications;

  • 6 x 4.7 in L/45 QF Mk.XII, 3 x twin mounting CP Mk.XIX
  • 1 x twin 4 in L/45 QF Mk.XVI, mounting HA Mk.XIX
  • 4 x QF 2 pdr, quad mount Mk.VII
  • 4 x single and twin 20 mm Oerlikon
  • 4 x tubes for 21 in torpedoes Mk.IX
  • 1 x rack, 2 x throwers for DCs

HMS Eskimo was a Tribal-class destroyer, laid down by the High Walker Yard of Vickers Armstrong at Newcastle-on-Tyne on 5 August 1936. She was launched on 3 September 1937[1] and commissioned on 30 December 1938. Eskimo served throughout the Second World War, seeing action in Norway, the Mediterranean, the English Channel and in Burma. After the war Eskimo was used as an accommodation and headquarters ship, finally being used as a practice target before being scrapped in 1949.

Operational history[edit]

Eskimo after losing her bow during the Second Battle of Narvik.

Eskimo participated in the Second Battle of Narvik in April 1940.[2] On 12 April Eskimo was hit by a torpedo fired from German destroyer Z2 Georg Thiele. The explosion caused severe damage, blowing off Eskimo's bow.[3] After temporary repairs, by the shipwrights of the fleet repair ship Vindictive at Skjelfjorden in Norway,[4] Eskimo was able to return to the Vickers Armstrong works at Newcastle for rebuilding.[5]

She supported the Allied landings in North Africa in November 1942 and served with the 10th Destroyer Flotilla at Plymouth. Eskimo was extensively damaged when two German dive bombers attacked her in the Mediterranean while taking part in Operation Husky.[5] She cornered and sank the enemy German submarine U-971 while in company with the Canadian destroyer Haida and a Liberator aircraft of the Czech air force in the English Channel north of Brest on 24 June 1944.[6] During the final days of the war, she operated in the Far East.

Fate[edit]

Eskimo was reduced to an accommodation and headquarters ship for minesweepers, wreck-disposal vessels, and salvage craft clearing the Thames and Medway estuaries in 1946. She was used as a target ship in the Gareloch, sold for scrap on 27 June 1949 and finally broken up at Troon.

Museum holdings[edit]

Eskimo's bell is in the collection of the National Maritime Museum.[7] Imperial War Museums holds a range of material relating to Eskimo, including photographs, film,[8] and an officially commissioned watercolour by Vivian Pitchforth showing Eskimo refitting at Durban.[9] The National Museum of the Royal Navy holds a detailed ship model of Eskimo, built by Commander John West.[10] West had served in Eskimo as navigating officer at Narvik.[11]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Times (London), Saturday, 4 September 1937, p.12
  2. ^ The Times (London), Friday, 26 April 1940, p.6
  3. ^ Williamson, Gordon (2012). German Destroyers 1939-1945. Osprey Publishing. pp. 35–36. ISBN 9781780966212. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  4. ^ Sims, George (1972). H.M.S. Coventry, anti-aircraft cruiser: an narrative. H.M.S. Coventry Old Hands. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  5. ^ a b Guðmundur Helgason. "HMS Eskimo (F 75)". Uboat.net. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  6. ^ Gough, Barry M; Wood, James A (Summer 2001). "'One more for luck': The destruction of U971 by HMCS Haida and HMS Eskimo, 24 June 1944". Canadian Military History 10 (3): 7–22. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  7. ^ "Ship's Bell [HMS Eskimo]". collections.rmg.co.uk. Royal Museums Greenwich. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "Collections Search for 'HMS Eskimo'". iwm.org.uk. Imperial War Museums. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  9. ^ "HMS Eskimo and other Destroyers Fitting Out at Durban". iwm.org.uk. Imperial War Museums. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  10. ^ Brady, Mark (Autumn 2012). "The museum's models: HMS Eskimo (1938)". In John Roberts. Scuttlebutt: The magazine of the National Museum of the Royal Navy (Portsmouth), HMS Victory and the Friends (National Museum of the Royal Navy) (45): 24–27. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 
  11. ^ "Commander John West [obituary]". telegraph.co.uk. 20 November 2002. Retrieved 29 September 2013. 

References[edit]

  • Brice, Martin H. (1971). The Tribals. London: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-0245-2. 
  • English, John (2001). Afridi to Nizam: British Fleet Destroyers 1937–43. Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-95-0. 

External links[edit]