German submarine U-347

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Career
Name: U-347
Ordered: 10 April 1941
Builder: Nordseewerke, Emden
Yard number: 219
Laid down: 19 October 1942
Launched: 21 May 1943
Commissioned: 7 July 1943
Fate: Sunk by a British aircraft, July 1944[1]
General characteristics
Type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement: 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length: 67.1 m (220 ft 2 in) o/a
50.5 m (165 ft 8 in) pressure hull
Beam: 6.2 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
4.7 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Draft: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Propulsion: 2 × supercharged Germaniawerft 6-cylinder 4-stroke F46 diesel engines, totalling 2,800–3,200 bhp (2,100–2,400 kW). Max rpm: 470-490
2 × electric motors, totalling 750 shp (560 kW) and max rpm: 296.
Speed: 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range: 15,170 km (8,190 nmi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
150 km (81 nmi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 230 m (750 ft)
Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 44–52 officers and ratings
Armament: 5 × 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four bow, one stern)
14 × G7e torpedoes or 26 TMA mines
1 × 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun (220 rounds)
Various AA guns
Service record[2][3]
Part of: 8th U-boat Flotilla
(7 July 1943–28 February 1944)
9th U-boat Flotilla
(1 March–31 May 1944)
11th U-boat Flotilla
(1 June–17 July 1944)
Commanders: Oblt.z.S.. Johan de Buhr
(7 July 1943–17 July 1944)
Operations: 9–13 May 1944
15 May–8 June 1944
23–23 June 1944
3–17 July 1944
Victories: None

German submarine U-347 was a Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II.

She was a member of three wolfpacks.

She was on her fourth patrol when she was sunk by a British aircraft in July 1944.

She sank or damaged no ships.

Service history[edit]

The submarine was laid down on 19 October 1942 at the Nordseewerke yard at Emden as 'werk' 219, launched on 21 May 1943 and commissioned on 7 July under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Johahn de Buhr.

U-347 served with the 8th U-boat Flotilla, for training and the 9th flotilla for operations from 1 March 1944. She was reassigned to the 11th flotilla on 1 June 1944.

1st patrol[edit]

U-347 had sailed from Kiel in Germany to Stavanger in Norway March 1944, but her first patrol began when she departed Stavanger on 9 May. She arrived at Narvik on the 13th.

2nd patrol[edit]

Her second foray began on 15 May 1944 when she departed Narvik (a port she would use as a base for the rest of her career), for the Norwegian Sea. She returned on 8 June.

3rd patrol[edit]

U-347 departed Narvik on 23 June 1944; she returned the same day.

4th patrol and loss[edit]

The boat had departed Narvik on 3 July 1944. On the 17th, she was sunk by a B-24 Liberator of No. 86 Squadron RAF.[4]

Forty-nine men died in the U-boat's sinking; there were no survivors.[5]

Previously recorded fate[edit]

U-347 was thought to have been sunk on 17 July 1944 west of Narvik by a British PBY Catalina of No. 210 Squadron RAF. The pilot, Flying Officer John Cruickshank, was awarded the Victoria Cross for sinking U-361.[4]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Kemp, Paul: U-Boats Destroyed - German Submarine Losses in the World Wars, 1999, Arms & Armour, ISBN 1-85409-515-3, p. 204.
  2. ^ "The Type VIIC boat U-347 - German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "War Patrols by German U-boat U-347 - Boats - uboat.net". www.uboat.net. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  4. ^ a b http://uboat.net/boats/u347/htm
  5. ^ http://www.u-boot-archiv.de/dieboote/u0347html U-347 at u-boot-archiv.de
Bibliography

External links[edit]

See also[edit]