Santa Ana, Cagayan

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Santa Ana
Municipality
View of Santa Ana coast from Mount Cagua
View of Santa Ana coast from Mount Cagua
Nickname(s): The Game Fishing Mecca of the Philippines
Map of Cagayan showing the location of Santa Ana
Map of Cagayan showing the location of Santa Ana
Santa Ana is located in Philippines
Santa Ana
Santa Ana
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 18°28′N 122°09′E / 18.467°N 122.150°E / 18.467; 122.150Coordinates: 18°28′N 122°09′E / 18.467°N 122.150°E / 18.467; 122.150
Country Philippines
Region Cagayan Valley (Region II)
Province Cagayan
District 1st District
Founded October 21, 1949
Barangays 16
Government[1]
 • Mayor Darwin A. Tobias
Area[2]
 • Total 441.30 km2 (170.39 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 30,458
 • Density 69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3514
Dialing code 78
Income class 2nd class[2]

Santa Ana is a second class municipality in the province of Cagayan, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 30,458 people.[3] The municipality is on the northeastern-most point of Luzon and includes Palaui Island as well.

Santa Ana is the home of the Cagayan Special Economic Zone and the Naval Base Camilo Osias (Naval Operating Base San Vicente) in Barangay San Vicente.

Barangays[edit]

Santa Ana is politically subdivided into 16 barangays,[2] listed here with the 2010 population.[3]

  • Casagan (Rural) = 587
  • Casambalangan (Port Irene; rural) = 5418
  • Centro (Poblacion; urban) = 4637
  • Diora-Zinungan (Rural) = 1163
  • Dungeg (Rural) = 721
  • Kapanikian (Rural) = 633
  • Marede (Rural) = 13
  • Palawig (Rural) = 24
  • Parada-Batu (Rural) = 8
  • Patunungan (Rural) = 1
  • Rapuli (Rural) = 2
  • San Vicente (Rural) = 4
  • Santa Clara (Rural) = 10
  • Santa Cruz (Rural) = 8
  • Visitacion (Rural) = 8
  • Tangatan (Rural) = 19

History[edit]

The first inhabitants were the Negritos and "hatcheros" (woodcutters) under Don Julián Astigarraga of Aparri. Some fishermen from Minanga ( a barrio of Gonzaga) came and settled in Palawig. In 1891, Felipe Aragpao with some settlers organized a "gimong" (society) called "Inanama." The purpose of the organisation was to acquire and occupy lands around the place. That same year, Briccio Campañano of Lapog, Ilocos Sur together with some others from Ilocos came to Palawig to apply for homesteads in the sitio of Marede. These settlers organized another "gimong" called "Dagupan."

In 1900, the woodcutters from Aparri led by Don Julian Astigarraga arrived by the first boat. Thus, began the clearing of settlements.

From 1919 to 1935 several group of settlers from the Ilocos Region came to claim lands aboard virays (light seagoing boats). The once-forested areas were accessible only via rivers and the sea. Before reaching the settlements in the northern and eastern portions, they had to navigate through Palawig River.

The name Palawig was coined from the local term pasawig, meaning mouth of the river.

In 1935, the gimongs "Inanama and Dagupan" fused into one called "Da Inanama," headed by Navarro, they began to work for the separation of Palawig as a municipality independent from Gonzaga. Their application was held in abeyance because their population did not meet the needed number required by law. The move was suspended in 1941 and when World War II broke out the move was not carried out.

Barrio Palawig and its neighbouring barrios were separated from Gonzaga and the town was created by President Elpidio Quirino via Executive Order No. 289 (21 October 1949). Contrary to the usual assumption, it is not named for Saint Anne but is an acronym of the surnames of the then-three provincial officials: Governor Nicasio Arranz; and Provincial Board members Federico Navarro; and Roberto Avena. The association to the saint was a back-formation in keeping with traditional Hispanicised toponyms.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Santa Ana
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 17,614 —    
1995 18,640 +1.14%
2000 21,612 +3.00%
2007 25,833 +2.58%
2010 30,458 +5.64%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Economy[edit]

Santa Ana is a mix of agricultural, commercial and agricultural economy. Most of the commercial and industrial activities are at Port Irene as the Cagayan Special Economic Zone in Barangay Casambalangan.

Some of its agricultural and aquatic products are rice, corn, peanut, fish, lumber, shells, etc. Among its natural resources are limestone deposits at Bawac Mountain, coal at Carbon Mountain, Santa Clara and guano deposit at Kapannikian Cave.

Tourism[edit]

Pacific Ocean view from top of Cape Engaño Lighthouse, Palaui Island

Aside from the Cagayan Special Economic Zone which host casinos and other gaming facilities, scenic spots and historical landmarks are present in this town. These include:

  • Cape Engaño Lighthouse at Punta Verde point
  • White beaches like Anguib Beach, Mapurao Beach, Nangaramoan Beach, and Puzo Robo Beach
  • Gotan mangrove forest and waterfalls
  • Suncity Casino in Barangay Tangatan

Santa Ana is the Game Fishing hub of the Philippines. It has hosted international decathlons, where athletes run through the rugged terrain of Punta Verde to Cape Engaño, then dipped in the crystal clear water of the Philippine Sea.

Festivities[edit]

Every May 26 to May 30 of the year, the town plays host to the Viray Festival, organized by the local government with the support of the regional tourism office and the private sector. Launched in June 2005, the Viray Festival was conceptualized to dramatize the significance of the viray, which played a key role in the lives and history of the town.

A viray is a large wooden flat boat which, before the use of gasoline-fed engines in the early 1950s, was propelled by sails. Comerciantes (traders) used large virays measuring 18 metres (59 ft) long, 5 metres (16 ft) wide and 3.5 metres (11 ft) high. Fishermen, on the other hand, used smaller ones, usually 11 metres (36 ft) long, 5 metres (16 ft) wide and 2.5 metres (8 ft 2 in) high. Equipped with oars to reach nearby fishing grounds, these types sailed for longer distances.

Due to its capacity to carry great quantities of cargo, viray was the only means of transport used by the first settlers of Santa Ana.

Leaders and well-off families derived income from the services of the viray ranging from fishing operation, commerce and trade to means of transport during the years when Santa Ana was at its prime. Used for daklis (trawl net), sapiao (net) and sirut (ring net) fishing, viray could carry the fishing gears, provisions, supplies, and manpower. It is assisted by small bancas during the fishing operation.

An annual fluvial parade of colorful boats is held during the first day.

The second day of the festival features a grand carabao parade where each of the 16 barangays composing the municipality has their turn to show off their artistic talents.

On the third day, local folks and visitors alike line up along the main street to watch colorful bodies participating in the street dancing competition.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Province: CAGAYAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 

External links[edit]