Decathlon

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This article is about the track and field event. For other uses, see Decathlon (disambiguation).
Decathlon combines four runs, three jumps and three throws.

The decathlon is a combined event in athletics consisting of ten track and field events. The word decathlon is of Greek origin, from δέκα (déka, meaning "ten") and ἄθλος (áthlos, or ἄθλον, áthlon, meaning "feat"). Events are held over two consecutive days and the winners are determined by the combined performance in all. Performance is judged on a points system in each event, not by the position achieved.[1] The decathlon is contested mainly by male athletes, while female athletes typically compete in the heptathlon.

Traditionally, the title of "World's Greatest Athlete" has been given to the man who wins the Olympic decathlon. This began when King Gustav V of Sweden told Jim Thorpe, "You, sir, are the world's greatest athlete" after Thorpe won the decathlon at the Stockholm Olympics in 1912.[2] The current decathlon world record holder is American Ashton Eaton, who scored 9039 points at the 2012 United States Olympic Trials.[3]

The event developed from the ancient pentathlon. Pentathlon competitions were held at the ancient Greek Olympics. Pentathlons involved five disciplines – long jump, discus throw, javelin throw, sprint and a wrestling match.[4] Introduced in Olympia during 708 BC, the competition was extremely popular for many centuries. By the sixth century BC, pentathlons had become part of religious games. The Amateur Athletic Union held "all around events" from the 1880s and a decathlon first appeared on the Olympic athletics program at the 1904 Games.[5]

Format[edit]

Men's decathlon[edit]

The vast majority of international and top level men's decathlons are divided into a two-day competition, with the track and field events held in the order below. Traditionally, all decathletes who finished the event do a round of honour together after the competition, rather than just the winner or medalling athletes.

Women's decathlon[edit]

At major championships, the women's equivalent of the decathlon is the seven-event heptathlon; prior to 1981 it was the five-event pentathlon.[6] However, in 2001, the IAAF approved scoring tables for a women's decathlon; the current world record holder is Austra Skujytė of Lithuania.[7] Women's disciplines differ from men's in the same way as for standalone events: the shot, discus and javelin weigh less, and the sprint hurdles uses lower hurdles over 100 m rather than 110 m. The points tables used are the same as for the heptathlon in the shared events. The schedule of events differs from the men's decathlon, with the field events switched between day one and day two; this is to avoid scheduling conflicts when men's and women's decathlon competitions take place simultaneously.[8]

One hour[edit]

The one hour decathlon is a special type of decathlon in which the athletes have to start the last of ten events (1500 m) within sixty minutes after the start of the first event. The world record holder is Czech decathlete Robert Změlík, who achieved 7,897 points at a meeting in Ostrava, Czechoslovakia, in 1992.[9]

Points system[edit]

Event A B C
100 m 25.4347 18 1.81
Long jump 0.14354 220 1.4
Shot put 51.39 1.5 1.05
High jump 0.8465 75 1.42
400 m 1.53775 82 1.81
110 m hurdles 5.74352 28.5 1.92
Discus throw 12.91 4 1.1
Pole vault 0.2798 100 1.35
Javelin throw 10.14 7 1.08
1500 m 0.03768 480 1.85

The 2001 IAAF points tables use the following formulae:[10]

  • Points = INT(A(BP)C) for track events (faster time produces a better score)
  • Points = INT(A(PB)C) for field events (greater distance or height produces a better score)

A, B and C are parameters that vary by discipline, as shown in the table on the right, while P is the performance by the athlete, measured in seconds (running), metres (throwing), or centimetres (jumping).[10]

The decathlon tables should not be confused with the scoring tables compiled by Bojidar Spiriev, to allow comparison of the relative quality of performances by athletes in different events. On those tables, for example, a decathlon score of 9,006 points equates to 1,265 "comparison points", the same number as a triple jump of 18 m.[11]

Benchmarks[edit]

Split evenly between the events, the following table shows the benchmark levels needed to earn 1,000, 900, 800 and 700 points in each sport.

Event 1,000 pts 900 pts 800 pts 700 pts Units
100 m 10.395 10.827 11.278 11.756 Seconds
Long jump 7.76 7.36 6.941 6.51 Metres
Shot put 18.4 16.79 15.16 13.53 Metres
High jump 2.20 2.10 1.99 1.88 Metres
400 m 46.17 48.19 50.32 52.58 Seconds
110 m hurdles 13.8 14.59 15.419 16.29 Seconds
Discus throw 56.17 51.4 46.59 41.72 Metres
Pole vault 5.28 4.96 4.63 4.29 Metres
Javelin throw 77.19 70.67 64.09 57.45 Metres
1500 m 3:53.79 4:07.42 4:21.77 4:36.96 Minutes:Seconds

Records[edit]

The current world record holder for the decathlon is Ashton Eaton of the United States, with a score of 9,039 points set during the 2012 Olympic trials in Eugene, Oregon.[12]

Record Score Athlete Year
World 9,039  Ashton Eaton (USA) 2012
World junior 8,397  Torsten Voss (GDR) 1982
Continental records
Africa 8,343  Willem Coertzen (RSA) 2013
Asia 8,725  Dmitriy Karpov (KAZ) 2004
Europe 9,026  Roman Šebrle (CZE) 2001
North, Central America
and Caribbean
9,039  Ashton Eaton (USA) 2012
Oceania 8,490  Jagan Hames (AUS) 1998
South America 8,393  Carlos Chinin (BRA) 2013

Decathlon bests[edit]

The total decathlon score for all world records in the respective events would be 12,553. The total decathlon score for all the best performances achieved during decathlons is 10,506. The Difference column shows the difference in points between the decathlon points that the individual current world record would be awarded and the points awarded to the current decathlon record for that event. The % Difference column shows the percentage difference between the time, distance or height of the individual world record and the decathlon record (other than the Total entry, which shows the percentage difference between awarded decathlon points). The relative differences in points are much higher in throwing events than in running and jumping events.

Decathlon bests are only recognised when an athlete completes the ten-event competition with a score over 7,000 points.[13]

World records (WR) compared to decathlon bests (DB)
Event Type Athlete Record Score Difference % Difference Date Location Ref
100 m
WR  Usain Bolt (JAM) 9.58 s 1,202 158 6.58 2009-08-16 Berlin
DB  Ashton Eaton (USA) 10.21 s 1,044 2012-06-22 Eugene [14]
Long jump
WR  Mike Powell (USA) 8.95 m 1,312 192 8.04 1991-08-30 Tokyo
DB  Ashton Eaton (USA) 8.23 m 1,120 2012-06-22 Eugene [15]
Shot put
WR  Randy Barnes (USA) 23.12 m 1,295 247 17.08 1990-05-20 Westwood
DB  Edy Hubacher (SUI) 19.17 m 1,048 1969-10-05 Bern
High jump
WR  Javier Sotomayor (CUB) 2.45 m 1,244 183 7.35 1993-07-27 Salamanca
DB  Rolf Beilschmidt (GDR) &
 Christian Schenk (GDR)
2.27 m 1,061 1977-10-01 1988-09-28 Jena
Seoul
400 m
WR  Michael Johnson (USA) 43.18 s 1,156 131 5.79 1999-08-26 Seville
DB  Bill Toomey (USA) 45.68 s 1,025 1968-10-18 Mexico City
110 m hurdles
WR  Aries Merritt (USA) 12.80 s 1,135 91 4.66 2012-09-07 Brussels
DB  Ashton Eaton (USA) 13.35 s 1,060 2011-06-04 Eugene
Discus throw
WR  Jürgen Schult (GDR) 74.08 m 1,383 390 24.58 1986-06-06 Neubrandenburg
DB  Bryan Clay (USA) 55.87 m 993 2005-06-24 Carson
Pole vault
WR  Renaud Lavillenie (FRA) 6.16 m 1,284 132 6.49 2014-02-15 Donetsk
DB  Tim Lobinger (GER) 5.76 m 1,152 1999-09-16 Leverkusen
Javelin throw
WR  Jan Železný (CZE) 98.48 m 1,331 291 18.80 1996-05-25 Jena
DB  Peter Blank (FRG) 79.80 m 1,040 1992-07-19 Emmelshausen
1500 m
WR  Hicham El Guerrouj (MAR) 3 m 26.00 s 1,218 255 15.87 1998-07-14 Rome
DB  Robert Baker (USA) 3 m 58.70 s 963 1980-04-03 Austin
Total World records 12,553 2,063 16.43
Decathlon bests 10,506

All-time top ten athletes[edit]

Men[edit]

Rank Score Athlete Venue Date
1 9,039  Ashton Eaton (USA) Eugene 2012-06-23
2 9,026  Roman Šebrle (CZE) Götzis 2001-05-27
3 8,994  Tomáš Dvořák (CZE) Prague 1999-07-04
4 8,891  Dan O'Brien (USA) Talence 1992-09-05
5 8,847  Daley Thompson (GBR) Los Angeles 1984-08-09
6= 8,832  Jürgen Hingsen (GER) Mannheim 1984-06-09
6= 8,832  Bryan Clay (USA) Eugene 2008-06-30
8 8,815  Erki Nool (EST) Edmonton 2001-08-07
9 8,792  Uwe Freimuth (GDR) Potsdam 1984-07-21
10 8,790  Trey Hardee (USA) Berlin 2009-08-20

Women[edit]

Rank Score Athlete Venue Date
1 8,358  Austra Skujyte (LTU) Columbia, Missouri 2005-04-15
2 8,150  Marie Collonvillé (FRA) Talence 2004-09-26
3 7,798  Irina Karpova (KAZ) Talence 2004-09-26
4 7,358  Julie Martin (FRA) Talence 2004-09-26
5 7,064  Breanna Eveland (USA) Columbia, Missouri 2006-04-14
6 6,749  Barbora Špotáková (CZE) Talence 2004-09-26
7 6,709  Marie-Cécile Crancé (FRA) Talence 2004-09-26
8 6,641  Lindsay Grigoriev (USA) Columbia, Missouri 2005-04-15
9 6,614  María Peinado (ESP) Castellón 2005-10-23
10 6,599  Sara Tani (ITA) Udine 2006-10-22

Olympic medalists[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1904 St. Louis
details
 Tom Kiely (GBR)  Adam Gunn (USA)  Truxton Hare (USA)
1908 London not included in the Olympic program
1912 Stockholm
details
 Jim Thorpe (USA)  Charles Lomberg (SWE)  Gösta Holmér (SWE)
 Hugo Wieslander (SWE)
1920 Antwerp
details
 Helge Løvland (NOR)  Brutus Hamilton (USA)  Bertil Ohlson (SWE)
1924 Paris
details
 Harold Osborn (USA)  Emerson Norton (USA)  Aleksander Klumberg (EST)
1928 Amsterdam
details
 Paavo Yrjölä (FIN)  Akilles Järvinen (FIN)  Ken Doherty (USA)
1932 Los Angeles
details
 James Bausch (USA)  Akilles Järvinen (FIN)  Wolrad Eberle (GER)
1936 Berlin
details
 Glenn Morris (USA)  Bob Clark (USA)  Jack Parker (USA)
1948 London
details
 Bob Mathias (USA)  Ignace Heinrich (FRA)  Floyd Simmons (USA)
1952 Helsinki
details
 Bob Mathias (USA)  Milt Campbell (USA)  Floyd Simmons (USA)
1956 Melbourne
details
 Milt Campbell (USA)  Rafer Johnson (USA)  Vasili Kuznetsov (URS)
1960 Rome
details
 Rafer Johnson (USA)  Yang Chuan-Kwang (ROC)  Vasili Kuznetsov (URS)
1964 Tokyo
details
 Willi Holdorf (EUA)  Rein Aun (URS)  Hans-Joachim Walde (EUA)
1968 Mexico City
details
 Bill Toomey (USA)  Hans-Joachim Walde (FRG)  Kurt Bendlin (FRG)
1972 Munich
details
 Mykola Avilov (URS)  Leonid Lytvynenko (URS)  Ryszard Katus (POL)
1976 Montreal
details
 Bruce Jenner (USA)  Guido Kratschmer (FRG)  Mykola Avilov (URS)
1980 Moscow
details
 Daley Thompson (GBR)  Yuriy Kutsenko (URS)  Sergei Zhelanov (URS)
1984 Los Angeles
details
 Daley Thompson (GBR)  Jürgen Hingsen (FRG)  Siegfried Wentz (FRG)
1988 Seoul
details
 Christian Schenk (GDR)  Torsten Voss (GDR)  David Steen (CAN)
1992 Barcelona
details
 Robert Změlík (TCH)  Antonio Peñalver (ESP)  Dave Johnson (USA)
1996 Atlanta
details
 Dan O'Brien (USA)  Frank Busemann (GER)  Tomáš Dvořák (CZE)
2000 Sydney
details
 Erki Nool (EST)  Roman Šebrle (CZE)  Chris Huffins (USA)
2004 Athens
details
 Roman Šebrle (CZE)  Bryan Clay (USA)  Dmitriy Karpov (KAZ)
2008 Beijing
details
 Bryan Clay (USA)  Andrei Krauchanka (BLR)  Leonel Suárez (CUB)
2012 London
details
 Ashton Eaton (USA)  Trey Hardee (USA)  Leonel Suárez (CUB)

World Championships medalists[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki  Daley Thompson (GBR)  Jürgen Hingsen (FRG)  Siegfried Wentz (FRG)
1987 Rome  Torsten Voss (GDR)  Siegfried Wentz (FRG)  Pavel Tarnovetskiy (URS)
1991 Tokyo  Dan O'Brien (USA)  Mike Smith (CAN)  Christian Schenk (GER)
1993 Stuttgart  Dan O'Brien (USA)  Eduard Hämäläinen (BLR)  Paul Meier (GER)
1995 Gothenburg  Dan O'Brien (USA)  Eduard Hämäläinen (BLR)  Mike Smith (CAN)
1997 Athens  Tomáš Dvořák (CZE)  Eduard Hämäläinen (FIN)  Frank Busemann (GER)
1999 Seville  Tomáš Dvořák (CZE)  Dean Macey (GBR)  Chris Huffins (USA)
2001 Edmonton  Tomáš Dvořák (CZE)  Erki Nool (EST)  Dean Macey (GBR)
2003 Saint-Denis  Tom Pappas (USA)  Roman Šebrle (CZE)  Dmitriy Karpov (KAZ)
2005 Helsinki  Bryan Clay (USA)  Roman Šebrle (CZE)  Attila Zsivóczky (HUN)
2007 Osaka  Roman Šebrle (CZE)  Maurice Smith (JAM)  Dmitriy Karpov (KAZ)
2009 Berlin  Trey Hardee (USA)  Leonel Suárez (CUB)  Aleksandr Pogorelov (RUS)
2011 Daegu  Trey Hardee (USA)  Ashton Eaton (USA)  Leonel Suárez (CUB)
2013 Moscow  Ashton Eaton (USA)  Michael Schrader (GER)  Damian Warner (CAN)

Season's bests[edit]

Year Score Athlete Place
1960 8,683  Rafer Johnson (USA) ?
1961 8,709  Philip Mulkey (USA) ?
1962 8,248  Chuan-Kwang Yang (ROC) ?
1963 8,089  Chuan-Kwang Yang (ROC) ?
1964 7,950  Manfred Bock (FRG) ?
1965 7,883  Mikhail Storozhenko (URS) ?
1966 8,234  Bill Toomey (USA) ?
1967 8,319  Kurt Bendlin (FRG) ?
1968 8,222 A  Bill Toomey (USA) ?
1969 8,417  Bill Toomey (USA) ?
1970 8,130  Rüdiger Demmig (GDR) ?
1971 8,244  Kurt Bendlin (FRG) ?
1972 8,466  Mykola Avilov (URS) Munich
1973 8,163  Lennart Hedmark (SWE) Bonn
1974 8,229  Ryszard Skowronek (POL) Montreal
1975 8,429  Bruce Jenner (USA) Eugene
1976 8,634  Bruce Jenner (USA) Montreal
1977 8,400  Aleksandr Grebenyuk (URS) Riga
1978 8,493  Guido Kratschmer (FRG) Bernhausen
1979 8,476  Guido Kratschmer (FRG) Krefeld
1980 8,667  Guido Kratschmer (FRG) Bernhausen
1981 8,334  Rainer Pottel (GDR) Birmingham
1982 8,774  Daley Thompson (GBR) Athens
1983 8,825  Jürgen Hingsen (FRG) Bernhausen
1984 8,847  Daley Thompson (GBR) Los Angeles
1985 8,559  Torsten Voss (GDR) Dresden
1986 8,811  Daley Thompson (GBR) Stuttgart
1987 8,680  Torsten Voss (GDR) Rome
1988 8,512  Christian Plaziat (FRA) Talence
1989 8,549  Dave Johnson (USA) Houston
1990 8,574  Christian Plaziat (FRA) Split
1991 8,812  Dan O'Brien (USA) Tokyo
1992 8,891  Dan O'Brien (USA) Talence
1993 8,817  Dan O'Brien (USA) Stuttgart
1994 8,735  Eduard Hämäläinen (BLR) Götzis
1995 8,695  Dan O'Brien (USA) Göteborg
1996 8,824  Dan O'Brien (USA) Atlanta
1997 8,837  Tomáš Dvořák (CZE) Athens
1998 8,755  Dan O'Brien (USA) Uniondale
1999 8,994  Tomáš Dvořák (CZE) Prague
2000 8,900  Tomáš Dvořák (CZE) Götzis
2001 9,026  Roman Šebrle (CZE) Götzis
2002 8,800  Roman Šebrle (CZE) Götzis
2003 8,807  Roman Šebrle (CZE) Götzis
2004 8,893  Roman Šebrle (CZE) Athens
2005 8,732  Bryan Clay (USA) Helsinki
2006 8,677  Bryan Clay (USA) Götzis
2007 8,697  Roman Šebrle (CZE) Kladno
2008 8,832  Bryan Clay (USA) Eugene
2009 8,790  Trey Hardee (USA) Berlin
2010 8,483  Bryan Clay (USA) Götzis
2011 8,729  Ashton Eaton (USA) Eugene
2012 9,039  Ashton Eaton (USA) Eugene
2013 8,809  Ashton Eaton (USA) Moscow

National records[edit]

  • As of June 2014.
Score Nation Athlete Date Location Ref
9,039  United States Ashton Eaton 2012-06-23 Eugene [12]
9,026  Czech Republic Roman Šebrle 2001-04-27 Götzis
8,847  United Kingdom Daley Thompson 1984-08-09 Los Angeles
8,832  Germany Jürgen Hingsen 1984-06-09 Mannheim
8,815  Estonia Erki Nool 2001-08-07 Edmonton
8,735  Belarus Eduard Hämäläinen 1994-05-29 Götzis
8,730  Finland Eduard Hämäläinen 1997-08-06 Athens
8,725  Kazakhstan Dmitriy Karpov 2004-08-24 Athens
8,709  Ukraine Aleksandr Apaychev 1984-06-03 Neubrandenburg
8,698  Russia Grigoriy Degtyaryev 1984-06-22 Kiev
8,654  Cuba Leonel Suárez 2009-07-04 Havana
8,644  Jamaica Maurice Smith 2007-09-01 Osaka
8,626  Canada Mike Smith 1996-05-26 Götzis
8,574  France Christian Plaziat 1990-08-29 Split
8,573  Iceland Jón Arnar Magnússon 1998-05-31 Götzis
8,566  Poland Sebastian Chmara 1998-05-17 Murcia
8,554  Hungary Attila Zsivóczky 2000-06-04 Götzis
8,526  Spain Francisco Javier Benet 1998-05-17 Murcia
8,519  Belgium Hans Van Alphen 2012-05-27 Götzis [18]
8,506  Netherlands Eelco Sintnicolaas 2012-05-27 Götzis [18]
8,490  Australia Jagan Hames 1998-09-18 Kuala Lumpur
8,445  Uzbekistan Ramil Ganiyev 1997-08-06 Athens
8,437  Lithuania Rišardas Malachovskis 1988-07-02 Staiki
8,406  Sweden Nicklas Wiberg 2009-08-20 Berlin
8,393  Brazil Carlos Chinin 7–8 June 2013 São Paulo [19]
8,359  New Zealand Simon Poelman 1987-03-22 Christchurch
8,343  South Africa Willem Coertzen 2013-04–11 Moscow [20]
8,334   Switzerland Stephan Niklaus 1983-07-03 Lausanne
8,332  Algeria Larbi Bouraada 2012-06-15 Ratingen [21]
8,320  Austria Gernot Kellermayr 1993-05-30 Götzis
8,312  Latvia Edgars Eriņš 26–27 May 2011 Valmiera
8,308  Japan Keisuke Ushiro 31 May–1 June 2014 Nagano
8,291  Argentina Tito Steiner 1983-06-23 Provo
8,290  China Qi Haifeng 2005-05-29 Götzis
8,288  Moldova Valeri Kachanov 1980-06-21 Moscow
8,275  Serbia Mihail Dudaš 2013-08-11 Moscow
8,213  Portugal Mário Aníbal 2001-07-01 Kaunas
8,206  Republic of China Yang Chuan-Kwang 1963-04-28 Walnut
8,199  Bulgaria Atanas Andonov 1981-06-21 Sofia
8,169  Italy Beniamino Poserina 1996-10-06 Formia
8,160  Norway Benjamin Jensen 1999-08-01 Greve
8,069  Greece Prodromos Korkizoglou 2000-07-02 Ibach
8,065  Chile Gonzalo Barroilhet 2012-04-20 Charlottesville [22]
8,062  Grenada Kurt Felix 2012-06-07 Des Moines [23]
8,023  Tunisia Hamdi Dhouibi 2005-08-10 Helsinki
7,994  Denmark Lars Warming 1988-06-19 Götzis
7,882  Ireland Carlos O'Connell 1988-06-05 Emmitsburg
7,860  South Korea Kim Kun-Woo 2011-08-28 Gongju
7,846  Tajikistan Igor Sobolevskiy 1982-07-16 Leningrad
7,843  Romania Vasile Bogdan 1975-06-07 Paris
7,802  Cyprus Yeorgios Andreou 2000-08-12 Volos
7,799  Slovakia Peter Soldos 2001-06-10 Arles
7,777  Barbados Victor Houston 1997-08-06 Athens
7,757  Turkey Alper Kasapoğlu 1996-04-19 Azusa
7756  Georgia Juri Dyachkov 1968-06-16 Tbilisi
7,755  Vietnam Vu Van Huyen 2010-11-25 Guangzhou
7,734  Venezuela Douglas Fernández 1983-08-27 Caracas
7,730  Qatar Ahmad Hassan Moussa 2004-06-27 Ratingen
7,711  Iran Hadi Sepehrzad 2008-07-21 Tehran
7,704  Puerto Rico Luiggy Llanos 2003-08-06 Santo Domingo
7,698  Slovenia Damjan Sitar 2006-05-28 Maribor
7,659  Croatia Joško Vlašić 1983-06-25 Izmir
7,636  Montenegro Darko Pešić 12–13 September 2013 Nice
7,632  Saint Lucia Dominic Johnson 1998-03-27 Tucson
7,614  Mexico Alejandro Cárdenas 1996-05-11 Medellín
7,537  Mauritius Guillaume Thierry 26–27 April 2014 Bambous [24]
7,096  Israel Erez Meltzer 1994-07-31 Markt Schwaben
7,095  Malaysia Muhammad Malik Tobias 2003-06-08 Filderstadt
7,038  Philippines Jesson Ramil Cid 2013-12–18 Naypyidaw [25]
6,943  Paraguay Claudio Escauriza 1982-10-12 Asunción
6,939  Haiti Josue Louis 1–2 June 2013 Ottawa [26]
6,838  Democratic Republic of the Congo Florent Lomba 14–15 June 2014 Kladno [27]

See also[edit]

Other multiple event contests[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Decathlon". Encarta. 2008. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2008-08-06. 
  2. ^ World's Greatest Athlete
  3. ^ "Eaton's record-setting performance highlights historic night in Eugene". CNN. 2012-06-24. 
  4. ^ Waldo E. Sweet, Erich Segal (1987). Sport and recreation in ancient Greece. Oxford University Press. (p37). Retrieved on 2011-05-07.
  5. ^ IAAF Scoring Tables for Combined Events, p. 7.
  6. ^ IAAF Scoring Tables for Combined Events, p. 9.
  7. ^ "Decathlon Records". IAAF. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  8. ^ IAAF Scoring Tables for Combined Events, p. 10.
  9. ^ Decathlon Records. DECA - The Decathlon Association. Retrieved on 2007-10-23.
  10. ^ a b IAAF Scoring Tables for Combined Events, p. 24.
  11. ^ IAAF Scoring Tables of Athletics - Outdoor - 2008 Edition p. 154.
  12. ^ a b "Decathlon Results". USATF. 23 June 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2012. 
  13. ^ van Kuijen, Hans (2013-09-12). Eaton and Melnychenko lead Talence fields, Lavillenie to make Decathlon debut – IAAF Combined Events Challenge. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-09-12.
  14. ^ "U.S. Olympic trials: Ashton Eaton has record-setting Day 1 in decathlon". www.oregonlive.com. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  15. ^ "Ashton Eaton Breaks Decathlon 100m and Long Jump World Records". www.oregonlive.com. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  16. ^ Decathlon - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  17. ^ Decathlon - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-25.
  18. ^ a b "Hypo-Meeting 2012 Men's Results". IAAF. 27 May 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  19. ^ Carlos Chinin wins the decathlon and settles new South American record
  20. ^ "Decathlon Results". IAAF. 11 August 2013. Retrieved 11 August 2013. 
  21. ^ "Decathlon Results". IAAF. 15 June 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 
  22. ^ "Decathlon Results". www.flashresults.com. 20 April 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  23. ^ "Decathlon Results". 
  24. ^ "Mauritius International meet, Bambous 26-27/04/2014". www.africathle.com. 27 April 2014. Retrieved 30 April 2014. 
  25. ^ "Decathlon Result". www.data4.seagamesmm.com. 18 December 2013. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  26. ^ "2013 Pan American Combined Events Cup Results". www.ottawalions.com. 2 June 2013. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  27. ^ "Decathlon Results". www.online.atletika.cz. 15 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 

External links[edit]