Sarazm

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Sarazm
Town and Jamoat
Sarazm is located in Tajikistan
Sarazm
Sarazm
Location in Tajikistan
Coordinates: 39°31′N 67°34′E / 39.517°N 67.567°E / 39.517; 67.567Coordinates: 39°31′N 67°34′E / 39.517°N 67.567°E / 39.517; 67.567
Country  Tajikistan
Province Sughd
District Panjakent District
Time zone TJT (UTC+5)
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Proto-urban site of Sarazm
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii
Reference 1141rev
UNESCO region Asia-Pacific
Coordinates 39°30′28″N 67°27′37″E / 39.50778°N 67.46028°E / 39.50778; 67.46028
Inscription history
Inscription 2010 (34th Session)

Sarazm is an ancient town and also a jamoat in north-western Tajikistan. It dates back to the 4th millennium BCE and is today a UNESCO World Heritage site. It is It is located in Panjakent District in Sughd province.[1]

The archaeological site of the ancient city of Sarazm is located near Durman, a town situated in the Zarafshan Valley of north-west Tajikistan in the Sughd province near the border with Uzbekistan.

Site description[edit]

The site indicates an early steppe presence in the Zarafshan Valley. About 5000 years ago it was "the largest metallurgical center of Central Asia engaged in export". It was abandoned after the arrival of the Andronovo settlers, around 2000 BC.

The city is believed to have been revived as a mining point to collect from nearby sources of turquoise.[2] Established no later that 1500 BC, the city also served as an important regional agricultural and copper production center.[3]

The town was discovered by a local farmer named Ashurali Tailonov in 1976 who found a copper dagger protruding from a nearby construction site.[4] It was excavated by Abdullo Isakov and French archaeologists beginning in 1977.

World Heritage Status[edit]

The proto-urban site of Sarazm was inscribed on the World Heritage List in July 2010 as "an archaeological site bearing testimony to the development of human settlements in Central Asia, from the 4th millennium BCE to the end of the 3rd millennium BCE".[5] It is the first World Heritage Site in Tajikistan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Jamoats". UN Coordination, Tajikistan. Retrieved April 4, 2009. 
  2. ^ Anthony, D.W. (2008) p 419
  3. ^ Anthony, D.W. (2008) p 419
  4. ^ Central Asian river | PRI's The World
  5. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1141/