Scientology in Belgium
Scientology has operated in Belgium since 1972, but the organization has encountered difficulties there in recent years.
Status of Scientology in Belgium
Belgium only officially recognizes six religions: Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, Anglicanism, the Orthodox Church, Judaism and Islam (recently also Buddhism)  and has denied Scientology's request to be included.
Scientology opened an international office in 2003 near the European Union headquarters to lobby for recognition as an official religious group.
2007 trial proposal
The Belgian government denied Scientology the status of religion in 1997, and began investigating its practices and finances after ex-Scientologists said they had been subjected to intimidation and extortion. Concluding the ten-year investigation, on September 4, 2007, a Belgian prosecutor recommended that 12 persons associated with Scientology and two legal entities – the Belgian Church of Scientology and Scientology's Office of Human Rights – should be prosecuted on counts of extortion, fraud, organized crime, obstruction of medical practice, illegal medical practice, invasion of privacy, conspiracy and commercial infractions like abusive contractual clauses. An administrative court would decide if the case would go ahead and charges would be pressed. The court's decision was expected to be announced within a few months.
U.S. State Department response
In response to the proposed trial, the U.S. State Department said that if Belgian authorities "have evidence that individuals violated Belgian law, they should take appropriate legal steps consistent with Belgium’s international obligations to protect freedom of thought, conscience and religion"; however, the State Department would "oppose any effort to stigmatize an entire group based solely upon religious beliefs and would be concerned over infringement of any individual’s rights because of religious affiliation."
Church of Scientology response
The Associated Press reported an official statement released by the Church of Scientology on September 4, 2007:
"For the last 10 years, the prosecutor has been using the media, trying to damage the reputation of the Church of Scientology and not being able to put a case in court," Scientology said. "As a consequence, this created a climate of intolerance and discrimination" in Belgium.
The Church added that the prosecutor's recommendations suggested Scientology was guilty even before a court could hear the charges, making it "difficult for the Church of Scientology to recover and properly defend (itself) before the court."
- Belgium Clamps Down on Scientology Church | The Brussels Journal
- Planchar, Roland (July 2005). "Un impôt et deux religions de plus?". La Libre Belgique. Retrieved 2006-07-23. (French)
- Constant Brand, "Scientology Faces Criminal Charges", Associated Press/Boston Globe.
- "Church of Scientology Faces Criminal Charges in Belgium". Fox News. 2007-09-04.
- Planchar, Roland (2007-09-04). "La Scientologie plus près de son procès". La Libre Belgique. Retrieved 2007-09-04. (French)
- U.S. Department of State, Daily Press Briefing, September 4, 2007
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